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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Andaka (अंडक) is name of a place mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi (

Mention by Panini

Andaka (अंडक) is name of a place mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi under Pakshadi (पक्षादि) ( group. [1]


H. W. Bellew[2] writes...Alexander, after dividing his forces as above stated, then himself marched with a detachment against the Aspioi (Isap) the Thyraioi (Tirahi) and Arasakoi (Orakzi) and passing through a rough mountainous country along the river Khoe (Kao, the name of the Kabul river from the junction of the Kao of Dara Najil to that of the Kunar stream), which he crossed with some difficulty (perhaps at the ford opposite Jalalabad, where he passed to the south of the Kabul river), he, ordering his foot to follow at leisure, himself, with all his horse, and eight hundred heavy-armed Makedonian targeteers, whom he mounted on horseback, marched forwards with speed against the Barbarians, who had retired to the mountains (northern slopes of Sufed Koh) or within their strongest forts. The first of these strong towns he attacked (not named ; perhaps a Thyraioi or Tirahi castle in the Kot-rud, "Fortress river," valley) was surrounded with a double wall, and made a stout defence ; but was taken on the second day of assault, many of the defenders escaping to the neighbouring mountains. When he had laid that city level with the ground, Alexander marched to another, named Andaka (Daka Kam Daka, two villages close to one another on the south bank of the Kabul river, near the western entrance to the Khybar Pass), which yielding upon articles, he there left Kraterus with other captains of Foot, to subdue and govern the whole province (Nangrihar or Jalalabad), as it should seem to him most convenient.

H. W. Bellew[3] writes...It was probably in the Tirgari district that Alexander first came into contact with the Thyraioi, At the present day the chief seat of the Tirahi is in the Kotrud — "Castle-river " — valley of the Shinwari country in Nangrahar, or Jalalabad district ; and it was probably here, in the Nazyan valley, that Alexander took and destroyed the double-walled town where he was wounded ; from which he then marched to Andaka, as before related.

In Mahabharata

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