Ashokarama (अशोकाराम) is a Buddhist place mentioned in Mahavansa. It was a vihara built by Ashoka Maurya in Pataliputra. Third Buddhist Council was organized by Ashoka here. This vihara was inspected by thera Indragupta. 
विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर ने लेख किया है ...अशोकाराम (AS, p.49) महावंश [5, 80] के अनुसार पाटलीपुत्र में अशोक द्वारा निर्मित विहार था। इस विहार का निरीक्षण इन्द्रगुप्त नामक थेर भिक्षु के निरीक्षण में हुआ था। यहीं तीसरी बौद्ध संगीति (सभा) अशोक के समय में हुई थी।
Mahavansa/Chapter 5 mentions....
- "Then bestowing ninety-six kotis (of money) in eighty-four thousand towns, the ruler bade the kings all over the earth begin (to build) viharas and he himself began to build the Asokarama". ....
- "When the thera, to convert him, had come thither flying through the air, standing on the water of the pond in the Asokarama, he, leaving his goodly garments behind him in the air, plunged into the water and bathed his limbs. And when the prince saw this marvel he was filled with joyful faith, and the wise man made this wise resolve: 'This very day will I receive the pabbajja-ordination.' He went to the king and respectfully besought him to let him receive the pabbajjii....
- "All those beautiful viharas (then) begun they duly finished in all the cities within three years; but, by the miraculous power of the thera Indagutta, who watched over the work, the äräma named after Asoka was likewise quickly brought to completion.
Mahavansa/Chapter 29 mentions....From various (foreign) countries also did many bhikkhus come hither; what need to speak of the coming of the brotherhood living here upon the island (Lanka). ....With a hundred and sixty thousand bhikkhus came the thera named Mittinna from the Asokarama in Pupphapura.