From Jatland Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Location of Mithankot

Mithankot (Urdu: مِٹهن كوٹ‎) is a city in southern Punjab province of Pakistan.

Variants of name


Mithankot is located on the right (west) bank of the Indus River, only a short distance downstream from its junction with Panjnad River.

Origin of name


It is believed that in 325 BCE Alexander the Great founded a city called Alexandria on the Indus at the site of the last confluence of Punjab rivers with the Indus.[1] Nevertheless, some historians believe that Uch predates the advent of Bikramjit when Jains and Buddhists ruled over the area, and that Mithankot or Chacharan Sharif was the true settlement of Alexandria.

Alexander Cunningham[2] writes that in describing the geography of Multan it is necessary to bear in mind the great changes that have taken place in the courses of all the large rivers that flow through the province. In the time of Timur and Akbar the junction of the Chenab and Indus took place opposite Uchh, 60 miles above the present confluence at Mithankot. It was unchanged when Rennell wrote his 'Geography of India,' in a.d. 1788, and still later in 1796, when visited by Wilford's surveyor,

[p.221]: Mirza Mogal Beg. But early in the present century the Indus gradually changed its course, and leaving the old channel at 20 miles above Uchh, continued its course to the south-south-west, until it rejoined the old channel at Mithankot.

H.A. Rose[3] writes that The four chief khalifas of Qiblā,-i-Alim were,

  • Nur Muhammad II, of Hajipur or Narowala, in tahsil Rajanpur,
  • Qāzi Muhammad Aqil, of Chācharān Sharif,
  • Hafiz Muhammad Jamal, Multāni, and
  • Khwāja Muhannnad Sulaiman Khan, of Taunsa Sharif, in tahsil Sanghai.

Muhammad Aqil's shrine was at Kot Mithan, but, when Ranjit Singh conquered the Derajat, Khwaja Khuda Bakhsh, Mahbub Ilahi, his descendant, settled at Chacharan Sharif, which may now be regarded as the head- quarter of the Bahawalpur State religion. Muhammad Aqil displayed many miracles and in his old age, owing to his spiritual enlightenment, had no shadow ; so he used to come out of his house on dark nights only, in order to conceal his sanctity. A cloth (luugi) which passed through his body is kept as a relic to this day.

Notable persons


Back to Jat Places in Pakistan