Pattan Kashmir

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (Retd.)

Pattan is a town in Baramulla district in Jammu and Kashmir.


Pattan is located at 34.17°N 74.57°E. It has an average elevation of 1553 metres.


Pattan is one of the historical capitals of Kashmir, nearly in the centre of the valley of paradise. Pattan tehsil has remains of four palaces including two in the municipal limits…

In Rajatarangini

Rajatarangini[1] tells us that king of Kashmir Shankaravarmma built a town named Pattana, and made his minister Sukharaja's nephew (sister's son) lord of Dvara, but that man lost his life at Bīrānaka through his own carelessness. This incensed the king, and he marched upon, and devastated Biranaka, and entered Uttarapatha. He conquered many kingdoms on the banks of the Indus, and when the affrighted people of those places submitted, he returned.

Rajatarangini tells Neither in the capital, nor in towns or villages, was there a temple left from which the idol was not taken out by Harsha the Turushka. Two influential gods were beyond his power, Shriramasvami in the capital, and Martanda at Pattana.[2]

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