Berdak

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Berdak (Armenian: Բերդակ, Russian: Бердак), a village in Goghtn Region of Armenia, currently included into Ordubad region of Nakhichevan autonomy of Azerbaijan. There was another Berdak village in Turkey in Tunceli Province which was renamed to Pertek. It was known by various names in past: Pertek, Pertag, Pertage, Pertaq, Partage, Pertak, Berdak. Pertag, means "tiny fortress" in Armenian.

Variants of name

Origin

Jat clans

Location

The village has been located on a hill surrounded by gardens. Ruins of St. Hovhannes church has remained in the village. According to construction recording, the church was the last time reconstructed in 1888.

History

Berdak now Pertek village in Turkey

Berdak village in Turkey in Tunceli Province was renamed to Pertek. It was known by various names in past: Pertek, Pertag, Pertage, Pertaq, Partage, Pertak, Berdak.

Pertek (Armenian: Բերդակ), (Kurdish: Pêrtag‎) is a small city and its surrounding district in Tunceli Province of modern Turkey. Pertag, means "tiny fortress" in Armenian.

The area of Pertek was ruled by different empires in its history. In the medieval period such as the Armenians and Byzantines before being taken over by different Islamic dynasties after the 11th century. Later it became part of the Ilkhanids and others and finally became part of the Ottoman Empire in the early 16th century. During the Ottoman period Pertek was a hereditary Kurdish sanjak. The old town of Pertek was located near the citadel but was abandoned in 1838 and moved to its current location.[1]Before the Armenian genocide it was populated by Armenians, Turks and Kurds. Today the city is populated by Turks and Kurds. The city has a population of 6,341.

There are two historic Ottoman mosques in Pertek. The Baysungur mosque (16th century) and Celebi Ali mosque (16th century). The mosques were later dismantled and moved from the site of the old town to protect them from flooding in Lake Keban. Nearby Pertek is a medieval castle. There are other historic sights in the nearby area. The village of Sağman has a ruined citadel with a 16th-century mosque, tomb and tekke built by the Kurdish sanjak bey Keykusrav.[2]

References

  1. Sinclair, T.A. (1989). Eastern Turkey: An Architectural & Archaeological Survey, Volume I. Pindar Press. pp. 77–83–84–85–102–103–158. ISBN 9780907132325.
  2. Sinclair, T.A. (1989). Eastern Turkey: An Architectural & Archaeological Survey, Volume I. Pindar Press. pp. 77–83–84–85–102–103–158. ISBN 9780907132325.

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