A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/I

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A glossary of the Punjab Tribes and Castes

Tribes and Castes starting with - I



Ichhar (इछार), an agricultural clan found in Shahpur.

Ichhiadhari (इच्छाधारी), one who follows his own desires in all things, possibly a Gulabdasi.

Ichhral (इछरल ), an agricultural clan found in Shahpur.


Idal (इदल), see under Hatikhel.

Idia (इदिया), see under Utmanzai.


Ikwan (इकवान), a Mahtam clan (agricultural) found in Montgomery.


Iliaszai (इलियासजई), one of the main divisions of the Yusufzai Pathan. They hold western Buner.


Imamia (इमामिया), a synonym of Shia : one who believes that the Muhammadan religion consists in recognition of the true Imam.


Indauria (इन्दौरिया). — (1) A sept of 2nd grade Hindu Rajputs in Kangra, among whom all sons inherit equally in the bas or residential estates, while the remainder, called the chaudhar go to the eldest son as chaudhri, though the custom is now disputed. (2) An al or sept of Gaur Brahmans found in Gurgaon. They are parohits of the Lohain Jats. In both cases the name is territorial.


Irani (ईरानी), an inhabitant of Iran : sometimes used as equivalent to Qizzilbash. Also Irani, or Baloch. — According to Mr. J. P. Warburton the gypsies of Central Asia who migrate between Asiatic Turkey and the extreme south and east of India. They are sometimes to be met with in the cold weather with herds of sorry ponies, and earn a living by selling sham ancient or foreign coins, Brummagem ware and trinkets, and by fortune-telling. Audacious frauds and cheats, they have the impudent and truculent dameanour of the Sansi and like them are good linguists and very loquacious. They are also addicted to open pillage and the village folk are afraid of them.


Pedigree of Isa Khel

Isa Khel (ईसा-खेल), (1) the branch of the Niazi tribe of the Pathans, which gives its name to the Isa Khel tahsil of Mianwali.

The following pedigree is preserved in an unpublished work, entitled the Tazkara-i-Afghani which was compiled under the supervision of Ahmad Khan, Isa Khel, about a century ago :—

I: Lodhi → Niazi → Khaku, by a lady dencended from Patan → Sapani + Haidar + Machan + Moshani +Mahyar + Sirbang.
II: Lodhi → Niazi → Jamil, by Zakia, a lady descended from Prangi → Wagan → Hamim → Tur → Jam or Zam. → Khir → Umr → Isa Khan
III: Lodhi → Niazi → Bahi, by a Sarwani Afghan wife.
Isa Khel pedigrees
Isa Khel pedigree

But the Makhzan-i-Afghani gives the following table of descent (pictured):-

It will be noticed that Jamal has here been confused with Jam or Zam. Jamal was the son of Niazi. It is highly improbable that Isa Khan, a contemporary of Sher Shah Sur and Salim Shah Sur, was a grandson of Niazi.

The present Khans are thus descended from Isa Khan : —

Isa Khan → Zakbu Khan, (the Zakhu Khel branch is named after him) → Khwaja → Dalu Khan → Sher Khan → Dilawar Khan → Bairam Khan → Fateh Khan → Jhangi Khan → Dalii Khan → Khan Zaman Khan (or Muhammad Zamaa Khan) → Umar Khan → Muhammad Khan (+2. Ahmad Khan) → Mukammad Alam Khan + Shah-nawaz Khan + Muhammad Azaz Khan + Muhammad Sarfaraz Khan + Muhmmad Abdula Khan (acknowledged Chief of the Isa Khel) + Zulfiqar Khan + Abdul Sattar Khan + Muhammad Abdul Aziz Khan

Isazai- Ithwal

Raverty, on the other hand, writes that Jam or Jal son of Niazi, had by his three wives seven sons, viz., Isa, Ali and Daulat, by the first : Sunbal and Pindar or Pundar, by the second ; and Marhal and Jalai or Jakai, by the third. But another account gives Jam an eighth son Khan, and add that Jam had two brothers, Bai and Khako. From the latter are descended the Sahrangs of Mianwali, the Maliyars, Michan Khel, the Musiani Isa Khel, and the Kundi*, who are confined to Tank. The earlier history of the Isa Khel belongs to that of the Niazis, but, it may be noted, they were in possession of the Khushab pargana of the Sind-Sagar Sarkar before the close of the 16th century, and prior to that period Babar alluded to their village of Isa Khel as concerned in a night attack on his camp in 1505 A.D.

(2) There is also an Isa Khel subdivision of the Tarakzai branch of the Bar Mohmands on the Peshawar border.

Isakhel (ईसाखेल), a Pathan clan (agricultural) found in Amritsar.

Isazai (इसाजई), one of the principal clans of the Yusufzai Pathans. They hold the north-east slopes of Mahaban and the mountainous Country on both sides of the Indus in Hazara and the Gadun valley. They have three clans, Hassanzai, Akazai and Medu Khel in Hazjara, and in 1907 elected a Khan to their vacant Khanship.

Iseke (इसेके), a Kharral clan (agricultural) found in Montgomery.

Isezai (), a Pathan clan (agricultural) found in Montgomery.

Ishaqzai (इसेजई), one of the four main clans of the Khalils in Peshawar.

Ismailkhel (इस्माईल खेल)., a clan of Pathans found in Peshawar.

Ismailzai (इस्माईलजई), a sept of the Kamalzai clan of the Usmanzai branch of the Mandaur Pathans found in Peshawar.

Iso (इसो), see under Wazir.

Isot (इसोत), Sot (सोत), an offshoot of the great Panni tribe of the Afghans which formerly hold a great part of Siwi or Sihistan. Their lands lie west of the Jafir Pathans on the Dera Ismail Khan border.

Isperka (इस्पेरका), one of the five clans of the Ahmadzai branch of the Wazir Pathans settled in Bannu. Its main divisions are the Muhammad Khel, who now rank as an independent clan, and Sudankhel and Saddakhel who alone are now termed Isperka. The tribal land of the Muhammad Khel is divided into four tarafs or shares of which one is held by the Shudakai, an affiliated Khel from the remnant of some old hill tribe which cannot trace descent from Isperka. The Sudankhel has four sections, Bagldan, Bokul, Kundi and Bharrat, with a fifth called Dhir affiliated hamsayas of another stock.


Ithwal (इठवाल), the Ithwal or Uthwal, according to the late Sir Denzil Ibbetson, seem to be found chiefly in Ambala, Ludhiana, Jullundhar, and the adjoining territory of Patiala. But unless two distinct names have been confused, they have a curiously large colony in Delhi, which appears to be completely separated from that of Ambala. They are said to be descended from a Surajbansi Rajput called Maharaj who received the nickname of Unthwal from his love for camel-riding.

* Said to practise vesh,
Hazara Gazetteer, 1907, p. 185.

End of I

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