Dost Muhammad Khan

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Dost Mohammad Khan (Hindi: दोस्तमुहम्मद खान, Pashto: دوست محمد خان, December 23, 1793 – June 9, 1863) was the Emir of Afghanistan between 1826 and 1863. He first ruled from 1826 to 1839 and then from 1843 to 1863. He was the 11th son of Sardar Pāyendah Khan (chief of the Barakzai tribe) who was killed by Zaman Shah Durrani in 1799.[1] He was the grandson of Hajji Jamal Khan who founded the Barakzai dynasty in Afghanistan.[2] He belonged to the Pashtun ethnic group.

Dost Mohammad Khan was born to an influential family on December 23, 1793. His father, Payandah Khan, was chief of the Barakzai tribe and a civil servant in the Durrani dynasty. They trace their family to Abdal, (the first and founder of the Abdali tribe), through Hajji Jamal Khan, Yousef, Yaru, Mohammad, Omar Khan, Khisar Khan, Ismail, Nek, Daru, Saifal, and Barak. Abdal had Four sons, Popal, Barak, Achak, and Alako.[3] Dost Mohmmad Khan's mother is believed to have been a Shia from the Persian Qizilbash group.[4]

On May 26, 1863 he captured Herat, but thereafter, on the 9th of June, 1863 he died . Thus he departed in the midst of victory, after playing a great role in the history of Central Asia for forty years. Before his passing away, he had named his son Sher Ali Khan as his successor.

External links

References

  1. Tarzi, Amin H.. "DŌSTMOḤAMMAD KHAN". Encyclopædia Iranica (Online Edition ed.). United States: Columbia University.
  2. Encyclopædia Britannica – Dost Mohammad Khan, "ruler of Afghanistan (1826–63) and founder of the Barakzay dynasty, who maintained Afghan independence during a time when the nation was a focus of political struggles between Great Britain and Russia..."
  3. Life of the Amîr Dost Mohammed Khan, of Kabul: with his political ..., by Mohan Lal, Volume 1. Page 1-3.
  4. Tarzi, Amin H.. "DŌSTMOḤAMMAD KHAN". Encyclopædia Iranica (Online Edition ed.). United States: Columbia University.

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