From Jatland Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Author: Laxman Burdak IFS (R)

Indradvipa (इंद्रद्वीप) was an island in ancient times in Southeast Asia.

Variants of name

  • Indradvipa (इंद्रद्वीप), दे. Indrapura इंद्रपुर, Sumatra सुमात्रा का एक भाग, (AS, p.74) -



History of Indrapura

1. Indrapura (Champa Vietnam): Indrapura was the capital city of the ancient kingdom of Champa-Vietnam from 875 CE,[1] for several decades,[2][3]:72,93 under the reign of Indravarman I (877-890) and some of his followers belonging to the 6th dynasty in Dong Duong.[3] The word Indrapura means "City of Indra" in Sanskrit, Indra being the Hindu God of Storm and War, and King of the Gods in the Rig Veda.

The site is near the present-day village of Đông Dương, not far from the modern city of Da Nang, Vietnam. Unlike his predecessors, Indravarman II was a Mahayana Buddhist, so he built a great Buddhist temple, which has been destroyed by Vietnam War bombings and nowadays even by looting of bricks.[4]

The Museum of Cham Sculpture ("Bao Tang Cham") at Da Nang, founded in 1915 by the École française d'Extrême-Orient (EFEO), has a valuable collection of Cham sculptures, which were retrieved from Đông Dương as well as from other archeological sites, such as Mỹ Sơn and Tra Kieu.

2. Indrapura (Khmer): According to inscription on the stele of Sdok Kok Thom, Indrapura was the first capital of Jayavarman II reign about 781, before the foundation of Khmer Empire in 802.

George Coedes and Claude Jacques identified it with Banteay Prei Nokor,[5] near Kompong Cham,[6] Cambodia, while Michael Vickery assumes it was closer to Kompong Thom.[7]


विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[8] ने लेख किया है ...इंद्रद्वीप (AS, p.74): सुमात्रा का एक भाग, - 'इंद्रद्वीपंकशेरुं च ताम्रद्वीपं गभस्तिमत् गांधर्वं वारुणं द्वीपं सौम्याक्षमिति च प्रभु:' महाभारत सभा. 38 दाक्षिणात्य पाठ. इस द्वीप को सुमात्रा का एक भाग था, अन्य द्वीपों के साथ, शक्तिशाली सहस्त्रबाहु ने जीत लिया था.


विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[9] ने लेख किया है ...कशेरु (AS, p.152) 'इंद्रद्वीपं कशेरुं च ताम्रद्वीपं गभस्तिमत् गांधर्ववारुणं द्वीपं सौम्याक्षमिति च प्रभु': महाभारत सभापर्वा 38, दक्षिणात्य पाठ . अर्थात शक्तिशाली सहस्रबाहु ने इंद्रद्वीप, कशेरु, ताम्रद्वीप, गभस्तिमत्, गंधर्व, वारुण और सौम्याक्ष द्वीप को जीत लिया था. प्रसंग से यह इंडोनेशिया का कोई द्वीप जान पड़ता है. क्योंकि इंद्रद्वीप = सुमात्रा का एक भाग, ताम्रद्वीप = लंका, वारुण = बोर्नियो

In Mahabharata


  1. Coedès, George (1968). Walter F. Vella, ed. The Indianized States of south-east Asia. trans.Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1.,p:122
  2. O'Reilly, Dougald J.W. (2006). Early Civilizations of south-east Asia. Altamira Press. ISBN 978-0-7591-0279-8., p.139
  3. Maspero, G., 2002, The Champa Kingdom, Bangkok: White Lotus Co., Ltd., ISBN 9747534991,p:53
  4. The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog
  5. Coedès, George (1968). Walter F. Vella, ed. The Indianized States of Southeast Asia. trans.Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1.,p:98
  6. Higham, Charles (1989). The archaeology of Mainland Southeast Asia. Cambridge University Press. doi:10.2277/0521275253. ISBN 0-521-27525-3. p.324ff
  7. Vickery, Michael (July 2001). "Resolving the Chronology and History of 9th century Cambodia" (PDF). Center for Khmer Studies - Siksacakr No 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-08-20.
  8. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.74
  9. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.152