Its geographical coordinates are 19° 36' 0" North, 84° 39' 0" East and its original name (with diacritics) is Āsika. It is at a distance of 81 km from Kalinga in its south-east direction.
Hathigumpha inscription mentions Asikanagara in Line-4 - कारयति पनतिसाहि सतसहसेहि पकतियो च रंजयति [।।] दुतिये च वसे अचितयिता सातकनिं पछिमदिसं हय गज नर रध बहुलं दंडं पठापयति [।।] कन्हवेंणां गताय च सेनाय वितासिति असिक नगरं [।।] ततिये पुन वसे
Line 4-5 - In the second year, without caring for Sātakarnī [His Majesty] sent to the west a large army consisting of horse, elephant, infantry and chariot, and struck terror to Asikanagara with that troop that marched upto the river Kanhavemnā
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