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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (Retd.)

Garah is a River mentioned by James Tod in Annals of Jaisalmer (p.238). Ghara river was the most westerly branch of the Indus.[1]

The Garah is invariably called the Behah in the chronicle. Garah, or Gharra, is so called, in all probability, from the mud (gar) suspended in its waters. The Garah is composed of the waters of the Behah and Sutlej. [2]

Alexander Cunningham[3] writes that The ruined town of Bambhora, or Bhambura, is situated at the head of the Ghara creek, which is "supposed by the natives to be the site of the most ancient seaport in Sindh." [4] "Nothing now remains but the foundations of houses, bastions, and walls," but about the tenth century Bhambhura was the capital of a chief named Bhambo Raja. From these statements it would appear that the Ghara river was the most westerly branch of the Indus down to the latter half of the last century. But long before that time, according to M'Murdo, it had ceased to be a navigable stream, as both. Bhambur and Debal were deserted about A.D. 1250, on account of the failure of the river. [5] This statement shows that the Ghara river had already begun to fail before A.D. 200.

External links


  1. Alexander Cunningham: The Ancient Geography of India/Western India,pp. 294
  2. James Tod: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II, Annals of Jaisalmer, p.238,fn.2
  3. The Ancient Geography of India/Western India,pp. 294-295
  4. Eastwick, ' Handbook of Bombay,' p. 481.
  5. Jonrn. Royal Asiat. Soc, i. 25 and 232.

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