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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Nagaon district map

Davaka (डावक) was a kingdom of ancient India, located in current central region of Assam state.[1] It may be identified with Dabak town in Nagaon district, Assam.


Dabaka (also called Doboka) is a town in Hojai district (formerly in Nagaon district) of Assam state in India. It is a commercial place situated in the central part of Assam. Dabaka is connected by National Highway 27 to Nagaon and by National Highway 29 to Dimapur. Its location provides great commercial advantage.

The location code or village code of Doboka Pather village is 285229. Doboka Pather village is located in Doboka Tehsil of Nagaon district in Assam, India. It is situated 1km away from sub-district headquarter Doboka and 32km away from district headquarter Nagaon. As per 2009 stats, Doboka is the gram panchayat of Doboka Pather village. The total geographical area of village is 580.6 hectares. Doboka Pather has a total population of 5,841 peoples. There are about 1,073 houses in Doboka Pather village. Doboka is nearest town to Doboka Pather which is approximately 1.5km away.[2]



The references to Davaka comes from the 4th century Allahabad pillar inscription of Samudragupta, where it is mentioned as one of five frontier kingdoms of the Gupta Empire; the Shung-Shu History of the Liu Song dynasty, where the kingdom is named Kapili (now the name of a river); the Gachtal stone pillar inscription written in Kamrupi language.[3] N K Bhattasali has identified it with Dabaka in modern Nagaon district, with the kingdom associated with the Kopili-Kolong river valley.[4][5]


In 4th-century Davaka was mentioned as frontier kingdom with Kamarupa in the Samudragupta's Prayaga stone inscription. Historians like Kanak Lal Barua (1933) claim Davaka was an aboriginal Austric-Dravidian kingdom which was later absorbed by 6th or 7th century by western kingdom of Kamarupa,[6] though later historians like B N Puri (1968) and P C Choudhury (1959) claim that it was absorbed much earlier in the first half of the 5th century during the reign of Kalyana Varman (422-446).[7][8]

Its capital was located near Kapili river. In the year 428 A.D, an embassy was sent to China by Davaka king, whose name according to Chinese sources is Yuegnai or Yu Chai.[9]

Jat clans


विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[10] ने लेख किया है ...डावक (AS, p.380) का उल्लेख गुप्त साम्राज्य के प्रत्यन्त देशों के प्रसंग में सम्राट समुद्रगुप्त की प्रयाग प्रशस्ति में किया गया है- 'समतट डावक कामरूप नेपाल कृतपुरादि प्रत्यन्त नृपतिभि:।' डावक का अभिज्ञान बांग्लादेश के ढाका तथा उत्तरी ब्रह्मदेश के टगांग के निकटस्थ प्रदेश के साथ किया गया है। सम्राट समुद्रगुप्त के गुप्त साम्राज्य की पूर्वी सीमा पर डवाक स्थित था।

मेरा निश्चित मत है कि नगाँव के दक्षिण में स्थित कस्बा डबक ही गुप्तकालीन डावक था. [11]

External links


  1. Suresh Kant Sharma, Usha Sharma (2005), Discovery of North-East India: Geography, History, Culture, ..., Davaka (Nowgong) and Kamarupa as separate and submissive friendly kingdoms
  2. https://villageinfo.in/assam/nagaon/doboka/doboka-pather.html
  3. Indian History Congress (2002), Proceedings - Indian History Congress - Volume 62, p. 136 i
  4. Mookerji, Radhakumud (1973). The Gupta Empire. Motilal Banarasidass., p. 24
  5. Dutta, Anima (2008). Political geography of Pragjyotisa Kamarupa (Ph.D.). Gauhati University, p.5)
  6. Kanak Lal Barua (1933), Early history of Kāmarupa], Page 47
  7. "As regards the eastern limits of the kingdom, Davaka was absorbed within Kamarupa under Kalyanavarman and the outlying regions were brought under subjugation by Mahendravarman." (Choudhury 1959, p. 47)
  8. "It is presumed that (Kalyana Varman) conquered Davaka, incorporating it within the kingdom of Kamarupa" (Puri 1968, p. 11)
  9. Indian History Congress (2002), Proceedings - Indian History Congress - Volume 62, p.138
  10. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.380
  11. Laxman Burdak (talk) 16:36, 7 February 2021 (UTC)