Sukkur (Hindi : सक्खर, Urdu: سکھر [səkʰəru], Sindhi: سکر), is a city and district in the Sindh province of Pakistan. Formerly it was known a Aror (अरोड, Urdu: اروڑ [əroːɽ]). During Alexander's invasion it was known as Poros ruled by Raja Porus.
Variants of name
- Aror (अरोड)
- Sakkhar (सक्खर)
- Śarakarā/Sharkara (शर्करा) (Panini)
- Sharkara (शार्कर) (Panini)
- Sharkara शर्करा (AS, p.891)
- Sakkhara सक्खर दे. Sharkara शर्करा (AS, p.930)
Mention by Panini
V S Agarwal mentions....Sharkara (शार्कर) (IV.2.83), modern Sukkur in Sind on the Indus opposite Rori. The Markandeya Purana knows of a western people called Sharkarah (शार्करा:) (Pargiter, Mark. P.,p. 373).
Click to see Jat Gotras in Sukkur
V. S. Agrawala writes that Ashtadhyayi of Panini mentions janapada Sauvīra (सौवीर) (IV.1.148). Panini mentions Sauvira and gives valuable social history of the region.It was home of many Gotras - Phāṇṭahṛiti, Mimata, Bhāgavitti, Tārṇabindava, Akaśapeya, Yamunda and Suyāmā. Bhāgavitti may be identified with the present Bugti tribe on the northern border of Sind. Panini mentions Śarakarā (modern Sukkur on the Indus) as a town (IV.2.83). Pali literature mentions Rauruka (modern Rori in Upper Sind as the capital of Sauvira.
Alexander was the warrior and conqueror when he entered Multan the City which is known by its Saints. He Appointed One of his Famous General Phillipos to Rule the Area. Rahim Yar Khan and Neighboring Cities Came under Alexander Successors Rule. His Rule was Spread from the City of Multan to Sukkur (then known as Poros). He was Challenged by Raja Poros in the Battle of Poros and got defeated. With this the Alexander Era Came to an End.
One conjecture is that when Arabs invaded Sukkur (Sindh) in the 8th century, they found an extreme climate (hot and cold), and called it Saqar, which means intense. However, the word Sakharu in Sindhi means "superior", which the spelling of the city's name in Sindhi suggests is the origin of the name. Sukkur is nicknamed Darya Dino (درياءَ ڏنو, meaning the gift of river), as without the Indus the city would be a desert. Sukkur district shares its northern border with Shikarpur and the recently constituted Kashmore districts. Ghotki is located on the north-eastern side while Khairpur on the south. Sukkur also shares its border with India (Jaisalmer, Rajasthan). Sukkur is also connected by road and by air with all major cities of Pakistan.
Sukkur has been an important strategic centre and trading route from time immemorial. Alor (or Aror, Sukkur) held the status of capital under the reign of Musikanos, when Alexander invaded India in 326 BCE. The ruins of this ancient town still exist, 8 km east of Rohri, in Sukkur district. The Rai Dynasty built a huge temple of Shiva (Shankar), hence 'Sukkur'. In 711 CE, the Arabs invaded Sindh, led by 17 year old Muhammad bin Qasim, and Sukkur (including all of Sindh and lower Punjab) became part of the Umayyad Caliphate.
Tahsils and villages
|Tehsils||Population 2010||Area (km²)||Union councils||Villages|
|Saleh Pat (सालेह पाट)||75,000||2339||03||250|
|Pano Aqil (पानो अकील)||350,000||1233||12||450|
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