Govind Singh Jat

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Govind Singh Jat (1719) was a chieftain, follower of Churaman. Churaman had rushed to Agra with Govind Singh Jat and the sons of Nanda Jat in 1719. [1]


Dr Girish Chandra Dwivedi[2] mentions Govind Singh Jat....A couple of months later, Churaman rendered yeoman service to Hussain Ali Khan during the latter's siege of the Agra fort, following the enthronement of a rival Emperor, Neku Siyar, by Mitra Sen Nagar and the fort garrison (8th May, 1719). This rebellion posed a serious challenge to the dominance of the Sayyids. The rebels expected help from Jai Singh, Chhabela Ram and Nizam-i-Mulk. Anticipating danger, Ghairat Khan, the new governor of Agra, and Samandar Khan, the commandant designate of Agra fort, were earlier hurried off to Agra. They were, however, opposed by the rebels. Getting this news the Sayyids immediately despatched Churaman, Raja Bhim Singh and others to re-inforce Ghairat Khan.[3] Later, Husain Ali himself marched from Delhi reaching Agra early in July. About this time Churaman was given the charge of the imperial highway between Barahpula (Delhi) and Gwalior.[4] The Jat chief rushed to Agra with Govind Singh Jat and the sons of Nanda Jat. During the siege, he maintained his position at an entrenchment near the fort on the side of the Yamuna. He entered into negotiations with the hardpressed besieged and devised his own mode of conduct. The fort garrison took him and his namesake, Churaman Hazari (in the service of Hussain Ali), inside the fort, where, on a pot of the Ganga water, a solemn oath was taken about Prince Neku Siyar and his nephew Mirza Asghari being made over to the Jat chief along with a cash amount of rupees 50 lakhs. The princes and the amount were to be taken to the country of Raja Jai Singh. However, Churaman took the Prince and

[p.77]: the gold to Husain Ali Khan, who kept the former in his custody but gave them money, an elephant, a special khilat and a mansab of 5,000 to the Jat.[5] After this the two Churamans entered into a compact with the Buxaria Hazaris to open the gates of the fort. Churaman Jat allowed the families of the Buxarias to come out safely as per agreement. On 2nd August, 1719 both the fort and Neku Siyar were captured by Husain Ali.[6]


  1. Dr Girish Chandra Dwivedi: The Jats - Their Role in the Mughal Empire/Chapter III.p.76
  2. Dr Girish Chandra Dwivedi: The Jats - Their Role in the Mughal Empire/Chapter III.p.76
  3. KK II, 823-828; Memoires des Jats, 84; Shivdas, 39ff; Iqbal, 50ff.
  4. Kam Raj. Ibratnama, 68a, quoted by Irvine, Later Mughals, I, 413 f.n., also 422; Satish Chandra, Parties and Politics, 150.
  5. Shivdas, 44; Iqbal, 56; Memoires des Jats, 84 says that the Prince in question was Ali Zafar, the brother of Neku Siyar. An ealier authority Kamwar, II, 449 also says that the Prince was his brother; KK, II, 836; cf Later Mughals, i, 424-425,414.
  6. Shivdas, 44; Iqbal, 56; Kamwar, II, 449-450.

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