|Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)|
Hangal lies about 75 km south of the city of Hubli-Dharwad, about 30 km west of the Tungabhadra river and east of the Arabian Sea. It is located on state road one, running north to south. A nearby body of water is the Anakere lake.
Hungal is recorded as Panungal in early documents. It was once the capital of a feudatory of the Kadambas.The Kadambas was an ancient dynasty of south India which ruled the region of the present-day state of Goa and nearby Konkan region from around AD 485 until the 11th century. They built temples in Hangal in the Jain tradition. In medieval epigraphs, it is known as Viratakote and Viratanagari, that is the fort and the city of Virata. According to local legends, it is believed to be the place where the Pandavas spent the thirteenth year of their exile.
Hanagal is also known for Agnihotra (three Kunda shroutagni) which was practised by Shrotriya Samrat Brahmashri Chayanayaji—Girishastri Kashikar—for seven generations till 1973.
On 14 July 1800, English forces took Hangal from Dhoondia Punt Gocklah, a Marhatta rebel deserter.
हांगल (AS, p.1017) : हांगल कर्नाटक के ऐतिहासिक स्थानों में से एक है। इस पर चालुक्य नरेशों के समय (7वीं-8वीं शती) का एक विशाल मंदिर स्थित है। इसकी विशेषता यह है कि इसका ताराकृति आधार है। यह चालुक्य-वास्तुकला का सुन्दर उदाहरण है। 
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- Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.1017