From Jatland Wiki
(Redirected from Panungal)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Hangal (हांगल) is a historic town in Haveri district in the Indian state of Karnataka.


Hangal lies about 75 km south of the city of Hubli-Dharwad, about 30 km west of the Tungabhadra river and east of the Arabian Sea. It is located on state road one, running north to south. A nearby body of water is the Anakere lake.



Hungal is recorded as Panungal in early documents. It was once the capital of a feudatory of the Kadambas.[1]The Kadambas was an ancient dynasty of south India which ruled the region of the present-day state of Goa and nearby Konkan region from around AD 485 until the 11th century. They built temples in Hangal in the Jain tradition. In medieval epigraphs, it is known as Viratakote and Viratanagari, that is the fort and the city of Virata. According to local legends, it is believed to be the place where the Pandavas spent the thirteenth year of their exile.[2]

Hanagal is also known for Agnihotra (three Kunda shroutagni) which was practised by Shrotriya Samrat Brahmashri Chayanayaji—Girishastri Kashikar—for seven generations till 1973.

Around 1031, the Hoysalas took and held Hangal. In 1060, Mallikarjuna of the Shilahara laid siege to Hangal.[3]

In the 12th century, Hangal was held by the Kalalyani Chalukyas, rulers of the Deccan.[4] The Chalukyas built temples in the Gadag architectural style, from grey-green coloured chloritic schist.

On 14 July 1800, English forces took Hangal from Dhoondia Punt Gocklah, a Marhatta rebel deserter.[5]

हांगल (कर्नाटक)

हांगल (AS, p.1017) : हांगल कर्नाटक के ऐतिहासिक स्थानों में से एक है। इस पर चालुक्य नरेशों के समय (7वीं-8वीं शती) का एक विशाल मंदिर स्थित है। इसकी विशेषता यह है कि इसका ताराकृति आधार है। यह चालुक्य-वास्तुकला का सुन्दर उदाहरण है। [6]

External links


  1. Moreas G. "The Kadamba Kula." at Google books.co
  2. George M. Moraes. The Kadamba Kula: A History of Ancient and Mediaeval Karnataka. Asian Educational Services, 1995 - History - 504 pages. p. 105.
  3. Moraes G. "The Kadamba Kula: A History of Ancient and Mediaeval Karnataka." Asian Educational Services, 1995 p129. ISBN 8120605950, 9788120605954.
  4. Pigou W. "Hungul, a temple." 1857. At Bl.uk online gallery.
  5. Wellesley A. "The Dispatches of Field Marshal the Duke of Wellington, K. G. During His Various Campaigns in India, Denmark, Portugal, Spain, the Low Countries, and France: India, 1794-1805." J. Murray, 1834 p69 at Google Books
  6. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.1017