Lambakarna (लम्बकर्ण) were ancient people mentioned in Mahabharata (IX.44.74),(IX.44.99).
Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 44 mentions the ceremony for investing Kartikeya with the status of generalissimo (सेनागणाध्यक्ष), the diverse gods, various clans who joined it. Lambakarna are mentioned in Mahabharata (IX.44.99)
- दीर्घग्रीवा दीर्घनखदीर्घपादशिरॊ भुजाः
- पिङ्गाक्षा नीलकण्ठाश च लम्बकर्णाश च भारत Mahabharata (IX.44.99)
- Eight Kshatriya who were entrusted with protecting the bodhi tree
- Bodhiguptha and Chandraguptha
- Sixteen Lanka Mahalekhas (Lambakarnas)
- Castes that received golden drums used for royal coronations (Lambakarnas)
The Mahavamsa records that during the reign of King Parakramabahu I, three lambakarnas were sent to south India for a coronation festival. mahalekha is also a term used to identify lambakarnas. Therefore they are either descendents of bodhiguptha,Chandragupta eight kshatriyas or from The gotra lambakarnas.
Mahavansa/Chapter 35 tells ....After the death of Chulabhaya his younger sister Sivali, the daughter of Amanda, reigned four months. But Amanda's nephew named Ilanaga dethroned Sivali and raised the parasol (of sovereignty) in the capital. When, one day, in the first year (of his reign), the king went to the Tissa-tank, many of the Lambakannas deserted him and went back to the capital. When the king saw them not he was wroth and (in punishment) he ordered that they, even they themselves, should make a road to the Mahäthüpa, commanding to stamp it down firmly, where it ran beside the tank, and he set candalas to be their overseers. And full of anger because of this the Lambakannas came together, and when they had taken the king captive and imprisoned him in his palace they themselves administered the government; but the king's consort put festal garments on her little son the prince Candamukhasiva, gave him into the hands of the serving-women and sent him to the state-elephant, charging (the attendants) with a message. .....When the king had raised an army he marched to battle; when the Lambakannas heard this they also prepared themselves for battle. Near the gate of Kapallakkhanda on the field of Hankarapitthi was waged the battle between the two (armies) that brought destruction to both.
Mahavansa/Chapter 35 tells ....One sprung of the Lambakanna (clan), named Vasabha, whose home was in the northern province, served under his uncle, a commander of troops. .....After Vasabha's death his son Vankanasika Tissa reigned three years in Anuradhapura. On the bank of the Gonariver the king Vankanasikatissaka built the vihära called Mahamangala. But his consort Mahamatta collected money to build a vihãra, bethinking her of the thera's words.
The medieval period of Sri Lanka begins with the fall of Anuradhapura Kingdom. In AD 993, the invasion of Chola emperor Rajaraja I forced the then Sri Lankan ruler Mahinda V to flee to the southern part of the country. Taking advantage of this situation, Rajendra I, son of Rajaraja I, launched a large invasion in AD 1017. Mahinda V was captured and taken to India, and the Cholas sacked the city of Anuradhapura. Subsequently, they moved the capital to Polonnaruwa. This marked the end of the two great houses of dynasties of ancient Sri Lanka, the Moriya and the Lambakanna (Lambakarna).
- Siriweera, W. I. (1994). A Study of the Economic History of Pre Modern Sri Lanka. Vikas Publishing House. pp. 44–45. ISBN 978-0-7069-7621-2.
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