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Author: Laxman Burdak IFS (R)

Rangmahal (रंगमहल) (Rang Mahal) is a Village in Suratgarh tehsil of district Ganganagar in the Indian state of Rajasthan.

Jat Gotras


Ram Sarup JoonRam Sarup Joon writes that before the establishment of the Rathor Kings in Bikaner, Rangmahal was the capital of Johiya king Sher Singh Johiya.[1]

Ram Sarup Joon[2] writes....Only, the Johiya Raja Sher Singh Johiya, whose capital was Rang Mahal, near Surat Garh, gave a tough resistance to the Rathores. He never admitted the suzerainty of the Rathores even though he had perforce to leave the Punia territory in Bikaner and retreat towards Hissar.

James Todd[3] writes that Ram Sing, at the same time, completely subjugated the Johyas, who, always troublesome, had recently attempted to regain their ancient independence. The Rajpoots carried fire and sword into this country, of which they made a desert. Ever since it has remained desolate : the very name of Johya is lost, though the vestiges of considerable towns bear testimony to a remote antiquity.

Amidst these ruins of the Johyas, the name of Sekunder Roomi (Alexander the Great) has fixed itself, and the desert retains the tradition that the ruin called Rung-mahl, the ' painted palace,' near Dandusar, was the capital of a prince of this region punished by a visitation of the Macedonian conqueror. History affords no evidence of Alexander's passage of the Garah, though the scene of his severest conflict was in that nook of the Punjab not remote from the lands of the Johyas. But though the chronicler of Alexander does not sanction our indulging in this specula­tion, the total darkness in which we appear doomed to remain with regard to Bactria and the petty Grecian kingdoms on the Indus, established by him, does not forbid our. surmise, that by some of these, perhaps the descendants of Python,-such a visitation might have happened. The same traditions assert that these regions were not always either arid or desolate, and the living chronicle alluded to in the note, repeated the stanza elsewhere given, which dated its deterioration from the drying up of the Hakra river, which came from the Punjab, and flowing through the heart of this country, emptied itself into the Indus between Rory Bekher and Ootch.

रंगमहल (भीलवाड़ा)

रंगमहल भीलवाड़ा ज़िला, राजस्थान का एक प्राचीन ऐतिहासिक स्थान है। इस प्राचीन टीले के उत्खनन से कुषाण युगीन राजस्थान के ग्राम्य जनजीवन की महत्त्वपूर्ण जानकारी प्राप्त होती है। रंगमहल सरस्वती एवं दृषद्वती नदी के काँठे में स्थित है। यहाँ पर 'स्वीडिश आर्कियोलोजिकल एक्सपेडीशन टू इण्डिया' द्वारा श्रीमती हन्नारीड के नेतृत्व में 1952-1954 के बीच उत्खनन कार्य सम्पन्न हुआ था। इस ऐतिहासिक स्थान से प्राप्त मृद्पात्र गहरे लाल, गुलाबी तथा कहीं-कहीं पीलापन लिए हुए हैं। इन मृद्पात्रों में लोटे, तश्तरी, प्याले, गुलाबपाश आदि प्रमुख हैं, जिन पर विविध प्रकार का अलंकरण किया गया है। कुषाण शासकों के सिक्के, मिट्टी की मुहरें भी यहाँ से उत्खनन में प्राप्त हुई हैं। रंगमहल की प्रमुख उपलब्धि कुषाणकालीन मकान हैं।[4]

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