Taoru

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Map of Mewat district

Taoru (Tawadu, Tauru) (तावड़ू) is a town and tahsil in Mewat district in Haryana.

Jat Gotras

Villages in Taoru tahsil

Atitka, Baghanki, Bamrauli, Bawla, Beri Nisfi Sohna, Beri Nisfi Taoru, Bhajlaka, Bhango, Bharangpur, Bhogipur, Bidhuwas, Bissar Akbarpur, Buraka Taoru, Chehalka, Chhajupur, Chharora, Chilawali, Chilla, Chundhika, Dadu, Dalawas, Deengarheri, Dhulawat, Didhara, Fatehpur, Gangani, Gawarka, Ghoraka, Goela, Gogjaka, Guddhi, Gurnawat, Hassanpur Taoru, Jafrabad, Jalalpur Sohna, Jaurasi, Jhamuwas, Kalarpuri, Kalwari, Kangarka, Kharak Sohna, Kharak Taoru, Kharkhari, Kherki, Khori Kalan, Khori Khurd, Kota Khandewla, Kuliaka, Maindla, Malahka, Milakpur , Mohmmadpur Ahir, Mundarka, Naharpur, Nanduki, Nanuka, Nijampur Taoru, Noorpur, Pachgaon, Padheni, Para, Raheri, Rangala, Raniaki, Rathiwas, Sabras, Saidpur, Salahka, Sarai, Sehsaula, Sewka, Sheikhpur, Shikarpur, Silkhoh, Sondh, Sonika, Subasheri, Sunari, Sunthaka, Taoru (MC), Thana Alam Alias Masit, Uton,

History

Tauru fort, A fort in Haryana’s Nuh with Baloch, Jat connections

Sadia Akhtar[1] writes....A 16th century fort in Tauru, near Gurugram, nearly hidden by multi-storeyed buildings, is a fascinating remnant of the area’s history. A small detour from the busy Rewari-Sohna Road via scores of tiny shops leads to the very congested Ward Number 6 in Tauru, Nuh. Located at a distance of 39 km from the heart of Gurugram, Tauru is peppered with several heritage structures that date back to a period marked by the presence of Baloch chieftains and, later, the Jat kings of Bharatpur. One such remnant of history, a 16th-century fort, is tucked away in a corner of the Ward 6 locality.

The Fort: Raja ka Mahal: Locally known as ‘Raja ka mahal’ or ‘Qila (fort)’, it stands amid multi-storeyed buildings that have sprung up all around it. It is located near what is locally known as the ‘thaane wali gali’— a street that owes its name to the city police station located in the vicinity. The only way of reaching the fort is through the police station located in one corner of a huge compound. The compound, as it appears today, is part of the area where the Tauru fort once stood. A bustling two-storey police station, an abandoned colonial-era police station, and a government school exist in this compound. A combination of private and impounded vehicles scattered across the compound mask the entrance to the only remaining portion of the fort.

Banani Bhattacharyya, deputy director of the department of archaeology & museums, government of Haryana, says that the mosque was possibly built in the 16th or 17th century. “The use of Lakhori bricks in the fort is an indicator of the introduction of Mughal architecture. We can say that the fort complex was built 16th century onwards since the area shows a continuity of architecture over time leading up to the late-Mughal period in the 17th-18th century,” Bhattacharyya says.

The fort also finds mention in the Gurgaon District Gazetteer, 1983, as the seat of Asadullah Khan Baloch. According to the Gazette, a Meo named Sanulba, known for looting caravans in the area near Hodal, had fixed his residence at the Tauru fort. “He fixed his residence in the fort of Taoru in Nuh, the seat of Asadullah Khan Baluch, with whom he used to share his booty, (as the price of his protection)”. The Gazette also outlines that Jawahar Singh, son of Bharatpur’s king Surajmal, was engaged in conquering the Mewat region and found an adversary in Sanulba. Seeking to expel Sanulba from the fort, Singh called upon the Baloch chief to drive him out, but his request was rejected, following which he launched an unsuccessful expedition against the Baloch. A second, stronger expedition was organised and the fort was taken over on December 12, 1763.

Siddique Ahmed Meo, community historian and author of books on Mewat’s history, shares a similar account of the fort’s history. “Many years ago, one Sanaullah used to reside in the fort. He had the patronage of Farrukhnagar’s nawab. Later, he was attacked and King Surajmal of Bharatpur annexed the place,” Meo says.

Notable persons

External Links

References


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