Baleshwar

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Map of Balasaur (Baleshwar) District

Baleshwar (बालेश्वर) is a city in and district in Orissa state of eastern India.

Variants

Origin

It has originated from Bal Gotra Jats.

Location

It is the administrative headquarters of Balasore District. It is best known for Chandipur, the site of the Indian army development of different missiles such as Nag, Agni missile etc.. The lingua franca is Oriya. Balasore is located at 21°30′N, 86°56′E.

History

Baleshwar district was part of the ancient Kalinga kingdom which later became a territory of Utkal, till the death of Mukunda Dev. It was annexed by the Mughal Empire in 1568 and remained as a part of their suzerainty up until the 1700s. The British East India Company (EIC) established a factory at Balasore in 1633. In 1719, the Trieste Company merchants established a trading post there.[3] As Calcutta rose in importance, Balasore became the center for river pilot services for vessels seeking to ascend the Hooghli River.

The Marathas then occupied this part of Odisha and it became a part of the dominion of the Bhonsle Maratha Rajas of Nagpur. They ceded this part through a treaty called the Treaty of Deogaon in 1803 and it became a part of Bengal Presidency until 1912.

Balasore as a separate district was created in October 1828 while it was in the Bengal Presidency. On 7 November 1845, all of Danish India was sold to the British, who made it part of British India. With the creation of Bihar Province, Odisha was diverted along with Balasore district from Bengal to Bihar. But with the creation of Odisha as a separate State on 1 April 1936, Balasore became an integral part of Odisha State.

बालासौर

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[1] ने लेख किया है .....बालासौर (AS, p.624) उड़ीसा में स्थित बंदरगाह है। भारत की कई वैज्ञानिक गतिविधियों और परीक्षण आदि के कार्यों के लिए बालासौर का ख़ास महत्त्व है। सन 1633 ई. में राल्फ़ कार्टराइट ने इस बंदरगाह तथा हरिहरपुर में प्रथम बार अंग्रेज़ 'ईस्ट इंडिया कम्पनी' की व्यापारिक कोठियाँ स्थापित की थीं। 1658 ई. में ये व्यापारिक कोठी मद्रास (वर्तमान चेन्नई) के अधीन कर दी गई थी। बालासौर का प्राचीन नाम बालेश्वर था। फ़ारसी में बालासौर का अर्थ 'समुद्र पर स्थित नगर' है।

बालेश्वर

पूर्वी भारत के उड़ीसा राज्य का पूर्वोत्तर में बालासोर कहलाने वाला नगर है। बालेश्वर बंगाल की खाड़ी से 11 किमी दूर बूढ़ा बलंग नदी के किनारे स्थित है। यह बालेश्वर नामक ज़िले का मुख्यालय है, जो मध्य काल में महत्त्वपूर्ण तटवर्ती नगर था। 1633 में यह ब्रिटिश उपनिवेश था और 17वीं सदी में डच, फ्रांस व डेनमार्क का उपनिवेश रहा। 1846 में डच और डेनमार्क के उपनिवेश ब्रिटेन के शासन में चले गये, लेकिन 1947 तक इस पर फ़्रांस का क़ब्ज़ा रहा।[2]

Tank Jat rulers

A Tak kingdom is mentioned by Hiuen-Tsang (631-643 A.D.) It is mentioned as situated towards east of Gandhara. Hiuen-Tasng Gives its name as Tekka, and the History of Sindh, ChachNama, mentions it as Tak. Its capital was Shekilo (Sakala, modern Sialkot) and formerly King Mihiragula was ruling from this place. In seventh century A.D. Its people were not preeminently Buddhists, but worshiped the sun, too. Abhidhana Chintamani Says that Takka is the name of Vahika country (Punjab). For what follows, we are indebted to Chandrashekhar Gupta for his article on Indian coins. [3] The Tanks must have come to India, Prior to fourth century A.D. i.e. with the Kushana. And with the Kushanas, they must have spread up to Bengal and Orissa, like the Manns and Kangs who spread into southern Maharashtra and the Deccan. In Orissa, the Tanks, had their rule in Orissa proper, Mayurbhanj, Singbhoom, Ganjam, and Balasore Districts. They are called by historians as “ Puri Kushans” or Kushanas of Puri (Orissa). Their coins have been found at Bhanjakia and Balasore (Chhota Nagpur) and these coins have the legend Tanka written in Brahmi script of the fourth century A.D. Allan suggested the reading Tanka as the name of a tribe “ [4] and others generally accepted the reading Tanka as correct. [5] Allan placed them in the third or early fourth century A.D., while V.A. Smith placed them in the fourth or fifth century A.D. ; R.D. Bannerji called them “ Puri Kushanas[6]

Langal Jats in Balasore

Langa (लाङ्ग) or Langal (लाङ्गल) is variant of Langar Gotra of Jats.[7],[8]

Langaleswar - Langaleswar Mahadeeva temple is in Orissa.[9] The place is famous for its location and mythology Lord Shiva used to plough the paddy field. In memory of the same plough is there and hundreds of piligrims use to gather there to worship the Lord Langaleswar who has been named after that plough. Langaleswar is famous for Saivasim. The location of the temple by the side of river parvati too creates a senic beauty and makes another attraction of the place. Langaleswar is connected with a good motorable road (46 Kms.from Balasore).[10]

The temple of Baneswar is an ancient and famous Temple of Lord Shiva about 5 km away from Balasore Railway Station.

Villages in Balasore District

Ada, Agarda, Aghirapada, Ainri, Ajodhya, Akna, Aladiha, Alalbindha, Amarihagnipur, Ambakuruchi, Ambaliatha, Analia, Anantapur, Andrai, Angula, Anji, Anko, Antara, Arbandh, Armala, Aruha, Aruhabad, Aruhabarti, Aruhabarti No-2 , Asimila, Attapur, Avana, Badadhanadi, Badakasaba, Badamandaruni, Badapokhri, Badasimulia, Bagda, Baghrukhi, Bahabalpur, Bahadalpur, Baharda, Bainandamangarajpur, Bajitpur, Balabhadrapur, Balanga, Baleshwar, Balgopalpurbatitanki, Baliapal, Baliapal, Balibil, Balikuti, Balim, Bamatia, Bana, Bangalpur, Bangarkhandigadia, Banida, Bankeswar, Bantuli, Barahampur, Barapal, Barbaria, Barbatia, Barbatia , Bardhanpur, Bardiha, Bari-- 2, Baripada, Barmaria, Bartana, Bartana, Barunsing, Basta, Basuchakurai, Batagan, Bati, Baulagadia, Baunsabania, Baunsagadia, Baunsamukha, Baunsapala, Baunsdiha, Bauripada, Baya, Bedhapal, Begunia, Begunia, Begunia, Begunia, Begunia Beherasahi, Belda, Belda, Berhampur, Berhampur, Betakata, Betei, Bhandarkuli, Bhanupur, Bhaunriabad, Bhimpur, Bhimpura, Bhodua, Bhograi, Bichitrapur, Bidyadharpur-1, Birispur, Biruhan, Bishnupur, Bishnupur, Boita, Brahmanasabira , Brahmapur, Bramhanda, Buanla, Bulang, Chakajaganathapur, Chalnti, Chalunigan, Chandakusumi, Chandamani, Chandaneswar, Chandapada, Chandipur, Chandipur, Chanuan, Chasipara, Chatirikhunta Chaumukha Chhada, Chhanpur, Chhatara, Chhatrapur, Chittol, Chormara, Chouki, Dagara, Dagarpada, Dahapada, Dahisada, Dakhinpaharajpur, Dakhinsarisa, Dalanga-i, Dalanga-ii, Darada, Daruha, Daykhand, Debendrapur, Debkumar, Dehurda, Deula, Deula, Dhansimulia, Dharamdwar, Dharampur, Dhobasila, Digbhanra, Dimirichua, Dubulagadi, Durpal, Ektali, Gabagan, Gabarghata, Gadapokhari, Gajipur, Gambharia, Gambharia, Gandarda, Gandasthapur, Gandibeda, Garadi, Garadihi, Garsankh, Ghantua, Gilajori, Gobardhanpur, Gobinda, Gobindapur, Gobindapur, Gochhidateghari, Gop, Gopalprasad, Gopalpur, Gopimohanpur, Gopinathpur, Gopinathpur, Gud, Gudu, Gududa, Guhalipada, Gujadiha, Haladia, Haripur, Hatikholia, Hatimunda, Hatmaitapur, Hidigan, Ikarpal, Ikra, Inchudi, Indipada, Ishwarpur, Iswarpur, Jaganathpur, Jagannathpur, Jairampur, Jalada, Jaladha, Jalasuhuria, Jaleswar, Jaleswarpur, Jamatkula, Jambhirei, Jamkunda, Jamsuli, Jamudiha, Jamujhadi, Jamuna, Jamunasul, Jamunia, Jankharai, Jayadebkasapa, Jharpimpal, Jhinkiria, Jirital, Juari, Jugadiha, Junbalada, Kabar, Kachuapada, Kachuari, Kadarayan, Kaduani, Kainagari, Kaithagaria, Kalahi, Kalama, Kalamchua, Kalaroi, Kalasimuli, Kalika, Kalikapur, Kalyani, Kamarapala, Kanchapada, Kandada, Kandagaradi, Kankai, Kansa, Kantabania Kantapal, Kanthibhaunri, Karanja, Karanjabindha, Karanjia, Karihanda, Karua, Kasaba, Kasabakamarda, Kasafal, Kasamila, Kasbajaipur, Kasimpur, Kathasagara, Kathasingra, Katisahi, Katisahi, Kaumari, Kayakadala, Kedarpur, Kesharipur, Kespura, Khagadapala, Khalamuhani, Khalina, Khandahar, Khannagar, Khantapada, Kharadimukhura, Kharasahapur, Kharda, Kharidpipal, Khersahi, Khirkona, Khuard, Khudiamajhisahi, Khulura, Khunta, Kirtaniajalpahi, Kochiakoili, Kochiladangar, Koilisahi, Kothia, Kotsahi, Krushnanagar, Krusnanagar Patana Oraf Kumbharmuli, Kuanrapurmahala, Kuanrpur, Kudali, Kudei , Kudia, Kudmansing, Kulida, Kuligan, Kumbhari, Kumbhirgari, Kupari, Kupura, Kuruda, Kurunta, Kusuda , Lachhamankhunta, Laxshmannath, Madhupura, Madhusudanpur, Mahabala, Mahamadnagarpatna, Maharajpur, Maharudrapur, Mahespur, Mahulagadia, Mahulia, Mahumuhan, Mainsadali, Mainsapata, Maitapur, Malipal, Mandarpur, Mandarsahi, Manipur, Manitri, Mankiria, Mankunda, Manunagar, Markona, Matiali, Mendhapara, Mirigimundi, Mituani, Mohagab, Mulakaeda, Mulising, Mundabania, Munutunia, Muruna, Nabara, Nabhada, Nachinda, Nadigan, Nafarai, Nahanga, Nahara, Naikudi, Namkana, Nampo, Nandor, Nangaleswar, Naranpur, Narasinghpur, Narayan Mohanty Padia, Narayanpur, Natapada, Nayabali, Nayapara, Netua, Nikhira, Nilagiri, Nimatpur, Nua, Nuagan, Nuagan, Nuaganbada, Nuagaonsana, Nuaparhi, Nuapur, Odangi, Odasala, Ohada, Padabadgan, Padmapur, Paharajpur, Paikapada, Paikasida, Paikasta, Pakhar, Pakhrabad, Palapara, Palasia, Palusia, Panapana, Panchpada, Panchupali , Panchuria, Panchurukhi, Panigrahi, Panisandha, Parikhi, Parulia, Pasarbindha, Paschimbar, Patana, Pathadurga, Patharpentha, Phulabanikhas, Pithahata, Pithapur, Podadih,a Podasul, Porusottampur, Pratapapur, Pratappur, Prusottampur, Pundala, Purunapani, Putina, Putura, Radhaballavpur, Radhakishorpur, Raghunathpur, Raghunathpur, Raibania, Raikula, Rainsuan, Raipitamber, Raipur, Rajanagarpatna, Rajpur, Ramadha , Ramakrushnapur, Ranasahi, Ranasingpur, Rangori, Rankotha, Rapeya , Rasalpur, Rasalpur, Rasalpur, Ratei, Ratina, Rautara, Rayaramachandrapur, Rehang, Remu , Remuna, Ria, Rissia, Routapada, Rudhunga, Rupakhanda, Rupasasamil Hasanpur, Sabanga, Sabira, Sadanandapur, Sahabajipur, Sahajapada, Sahara, Sahaspura , Sajanagarh, Saladahara, Salikotha, Samasundarpur, Samnagar, Samraipur , Sanausa, Sangrampur, Sankhudi, Saralia, Sarasankha, Sarasatia, Saraswatipur, Sardang, Sargan, Sarkona, Sarogan, Sarsida, Sartha, Sarthabindha, Sarugan, Sasan, Sasanga, Satguhalia, Sathi, Sathilobalbalia, Saudihi, Saundia, Shergada, Shyamanandipur, Shyamasundarpur, Siadimal, Sialia, Siaroi, Sibpura, Sikharpur, Silasuan, Sindhua, Sirapur, Sitadiha, Solagan, Solapata, Somanathpur, Soro, Srijang, Srikona, Srirampur, Sugo, Suhuria, Sukasandha, Sunadharbasan, Sunari, Sundiragandibed, Sunduri, Suradiha, Suthang, Syamasundarpur, Taharpur, Talakurunia, Talanagar, Talapada, Tapandia-1, Taranga, Tartua, Telipal-i, Telipal-ii, Tenda, Tengramari, Tentei, Tentulia, Thalasada, Thengudia, Tindesh, Tukurihajira, Tundara, Tuta, Ujuda, Uluda , Uplat, Utarpara , Velora,

References

  1. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.624
  2. भारतकोश-बालेश्वर
  3. Vishveshvaranand Indological Journal (Hoshiarpur, Pb.) Vol, XVI, pt. I. p.92 ff
  4. Ancient India, Plate XII, fig. 3
  5. Journal of Numismatic Society of India, 12, 1950 p.72
  6. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study), 1980, Sterling Publishers New Delhi, p. 274
  7. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), Book by Bhim Singh Dahiya, IRS, First Edition 1980, Publisher: Sterling Publishers Pvt Ltd, AB/9 Safdarjang Enclave, New Delhi-110064, p. 334
  8. A.C. Rose:'Tribes and Castes', Vol. II, p. 30
  9. http://www.panoramio.com/photo/23449089
  10. http://baleswar.nic.in/temple.htm#langaleswar

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