Karkakhanda

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Karkakhanda (कर्कखण्ड) was a Janapada mentioned in Mahabharata and defeated by Karna. It was probably located in eastern India -Bihar or Bengal.

Origin

Variants

Karkakhanda (कर्कखण्ड) (AS, p.142)

History

Sandhya Jain[1] mentions them in the Tribes With unclear Position in Kurukshetra War: Karkakhanda (कर्कखंड) is mentioned in Karna's conquests (III.241.43) after Magadha, and before Sravasti and Ayodhya; possibly a name for Koshala.

कर्कखण्ड

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[2] ने लेख किया है ...कर्कखण्ड (AS, p.142): 'अंगान् वंगान् कलिंगांश्च शुंडिकान् मिथिलानथ, मागधान् कर्कखंडांश्च निवेश्य विषयेऽऽत्मन:।' (वन पर्व महाभारत 254, 8). उपरोक्त श्लोक में कर्ण की दिग्विजय यात्रा के प्रसंग में पूर्व भारत के उन प्रदेशों का वर्णन है, जिन्हें कर्ण ने विजित किया था। कर्कखंड, जैसा कि प्रसंग से सूचित होता है, बिहार या बंगाल के किसी प्रदेश का नाम होगा।

In Mahabharata

Military Campaign of Karna: Mahabharata, Book 3, Chapter 252.... Then descending from the mountain and rushing to the east, he reduced the Angas, and the Bangas, and the Kalingas, and the Mandikas, and the Magadhas. the Karkakhandas; and also included with them the Avasiras, Yodhyas, and the Ahikshatras. Having (thus) conquered the eastern quarter Karna then presented himself before Batsa-bhumi.

External links

References