Najibabad

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Location of Najibabad in Bijnor district

Najibabad is a tahsil town in Bijnor district in Uttar Pradesh.

Variants

  • Najibabad नजीबाबाद (जिला बिजनौर, उ.प्र.) (AS, p.477)

Location

Najibabad is located at 29.63°N 78.33°E. It has an average elevation of 295.5 metres (1014 feet). It has a railway junction and is one of the administrative blocks of the Bijnor district. It is well connected to all major cities of India by roadways via NH 119 and NH 74 respectively and also by various trains.

Villages in Najibabad Tahsil

Abul Fajalpur Tabaila, Abulfazalpur Khas, Ahamadpur Sadat, Ahmadpur Majid, Ajampur Mohammad Ali, Ajampur Yarmohammad, Akbarpur Aonla, Akbarpur Chauganna Bila Ahatma, Akbrabad, Alampur, Alampur Ganga, Alawalpur Nainu, Alipura, Allehyarpur, Amannagar, Amanullapur, Anwarpur Chatar, Arafpur Khajuri, Argu Pura Pyara, Arjanipur, Asdullapur, Ashrafpur, Aslampur Jhojha, Aurangabad, Aurangjebpur Fazil, Aurangjebpur Gulal, Aurangjebpur Mahmud, Aurangpur Basanta, Aurangpur Bhikko, Aurangpur Fatah Khan, Aurangpur Fatta, Aurangpur Hirday, Aurangpur Nandlal, Azampur Gazi, Azmabad, Badapur, Badshahpur Maidas, Bahadarpur Sharfuddin Husain, Bahera Chouhan, Baibalwala, Bakarpur, Bakarpur Jairam, Bans Gopalpur, Baramjidpur Chanda, Barampur, Barkatpur, Basera, Bashirpur, Begampur Bhonawala, Begampur Roopchand, Begampur Shadi, Bhadula, Bhadurpur, Bhaguwala, Bhagwanpur, Bhanera, Bhareka, Bhatauli, Bhogpur, Bhojpur, Bijar Khata, Bijauri, Bijaypur, Birdo Nangli, Birpur, Biruwala, Bishanpur, Bitra, Boolchand Pur, Boureki, Budgara, Budgari, Budhpur Nainsingh, Budpur Mufti, Chamraula, Chandat Jat, Chandat Turak, Chandouk, Chatar Bhojpur Kushal, Chatruwala, Chitawar, Da1Alpur Gi1Anpur, Dahirpur, Dargopur, Daryapur, Daudpur Haji, Daudpur Nanhera, Dhaki Dhaki Sadhou, Dhan Sini, Dhanora, Dhanori Kawar, Dharampur Bhagwan, Dharampur Bhoja, Dinoda, Dudhla, Dudhli, Fajalpur Bho1A, Fajalpur Fatahulla, Fajalpur Habib, Fajalpur Haibat, Fajalpur Khas, Fajalpur Mano, Farjpur, Fatehpur Rajaram, Fatehullapur Dargoo, Forest Range-1, Forest Range-2, Gajraula, Ganguwala, Ganura, Garhmalpur, Gazipur, Gazipur, Gazipur Hidayat, Ghangheri, Girdawa Sahanpur, Goaspur Bils Ahatmali, Gopalpur, Govindpur, Gulalwali, Guniyapur, Gurha, Hadipur Sadruddin, Hajipur, Hakeempur Kaji, Hakimpur Dargu, Hakimpur Disaundhi Bila Ahatma, Hakumatpur Kesho, Haldu Khata, Hamidpur Ganga, Hamidpur Makhan, Haqiqatpur Prayag, Haqiqatpur Virchand, Harchandpur, Haridaspur Madhe, Harsuwara Bila Ahatmali, Hasan Alipur, Hasanpur, Herwali, Himpur Pachatpura, Humayun Puriddu, Husainpur Mira, Hussainpur Sultan, Ibrahimpur Baban, Ibrahimpur Bahauddin, Ibrahimpur Raju, Islampur Bega, Islampur Mira, Islampur Sadat, Islampur Sahu, Islampur Shahali, Islapur Hattoo, Issepur, Jafarpur, Jafrabad, Jafrullapur, Jagdishpur, Jagdishpur, Jahanabad, Jalalabad, (NP) Jalalpur Sultan, Jalpur, Jalpur Guddar, Jamalpur Khokho, Jaspur, Jaswantpur, Jatpura Najibabad, Jatpura Bhonda, Jatpura Khas, Jawala Chandi, Jawalilala, Jeetpur Khas, Jewanpur, Jhakkaki, Julfkarpur, Kal1Anpur, Kalan Nagli, Kalanpur Buzurg, Kalhedi Bila Ahatmali, Kalyanpur, Kamalpur, Kamalpur, Kamgarpur, Kamrajpur, Kanakpur, Kanshi Rampur, Karauli, Karmaskheri, Kawalnain Pur, Khairullapur Ahatmali, Khairullapur Bila Ahatmali, Khalilpur, Khanpur, Khasour, Khatai, Khera, Khushhalpur Marka, Kiratpur (MB), Kishanpur, Kishanpur, Kishorpur Ahatmali, Kishorpur Bila Ahatmali, Kithaura Mufti, Kithaura Rai, Kotawali, Kouriya, Kumhera, Kutubpur, Lahak Kalan, Lahakkhurd, Lalpur (लालपुर), Lalpur Man, Lalpur Rai, Lalpur Shaujimal Bila Ahatmali, Madsudanpur Devidas, Mahabatpur Billauch, Mahalki, Mahamsapur, Maharaipur Shekh, Mahavatpur Dalpat, Maheshpur, Mahmoodpur, Malipur, Malukwali, Mandawali, Manohara Wala, Manpur, Manupura, Mauzampur Sadat, Mauzampur Tulshi Bila Ahatmali, Mauzupur Dharma, Mayapuri, Medduwala, Meman, Mirampur Bega, Mirpur Dargu, Mirzapur, Mirzapur, Mirzapur Rangila, Mirzapur Said, Mochipura, Mohamad Alipur Hirdey Ahatmali, Mohamadalipur Hirdey Bila Ahat, Mohammad Alipur Alimuddin, Mohammad Alipur Birbhan Ahatma, Mohammad Alipur Parmar, Mohammad Alipur Shekh, Mohammad Alipur Sukhanand, Mohammad Amikhanpur, Mohammad Asgarpur, Mohammadpur Rawa, Mohinuddin, Mohmad Alipur Duwarka, Mohmmad Taharpur, Mominpur Dasu, Mominpur Laloo, Motadhak, Mubarakpur, Mubarakpur Hardas, Mubarakpur Khosha, Mubarakpur Mira, Mubarakpur Rathe, Mubarakpur Saharan, Mukimpur Padarath, Mungerpur, Murshadpur, Mussepur, Mustfapuransu, Muswi Khan Pur, Muthrapur Mor, Najibabad (MB), Najibpur Sadat, Najimpur, Nakipur Ramrai, Nandpur, Nangal, Nangla Hardas, Nangla Islam, Nangla Pithora, Nangla Ubhan, Narainpur Ratan, Narayanpur Inchha Bila Ahatmal, Nasirpur Mithari, Nasrullapur, Nekpur, Ni1Amatpur, Noorpur Dehara, Noorul Daharpur, Padarathpur, Padla, Padli, Parbatpur Makhdompur, Parshottampur, Partappur, Pipal Sana, Pirthipur, Pittanheri Jhojha Kalan, Pittanheri Jhojha Khurd, Prempur, Prempur, Pundri Khurd, Puranpur Garhi Ahatmali, Puranpur Garhi Bila Ahatmali, Puranpur Narottam, Purshotampur, Qadarpur Tai1Ab, Qutubpur Nangli, Rafipur Mohan, Rafiqpurr, Raghunathpur, Rahatpur Khurd, Rahmapur, Raipur Khas, Raipur Mauzampur Narayan, Raipur Shumala Khedi, Raja Rampur Pratap, Raja Rampur Tulsi, Rajpur Nawada, Ramdas Wali, Ramkairi, Ramnagar, Ramnagar, Rampur Asha, Rampur Banwari Bila Ahatmali, Rampur Bishna, Rampur Chatha, Rampur Mangal, Rampur Murar, Rampuri, Rani Kota, Ranipur, Rasoolpur Said, Rasoolpur Shahabuddin, Rasulpur Alimuddin, Rasulpur Daoud, Ratanpur, Sabalgarh, Sabalpur, Sabha Chandpur, Sabha Chandpur Kesho, Sabhachandpur Mohan, Sadatpur, Sadulla Nagar, Sadullapur, Sahanpur (NP), Sahanpur Nanu, Sahanpur Santoki, Saidpur Mira, Saifabad, Salempur Gadeli, Samipur, Sarai Alam, Sarai Bahauddin, Sarai Imma, Sarai Jewan, Saraisaid Ghora, Sarkara Kheri, Sarwanpur, Saufatpur, Selampur, Shadipur, Shadipur Aana, Shah Alipur Naki, Shahabpura, Shahabpura Ratansingh, Shahabpura Umraosingh, Shahalipur Abdul Sattar, Shahjadpur, Shahjahanpur Roshan, Shahjhanpur Jasrath, Shahpur Mira, Shahpur Sukkha, Shajhanpur, Shakarpuri, Shamaspur Khora, Shamaspur Virbhan, Shekhpur Garhu, Shekhpur Lala, Shekhupura Alam, Sherpur Ami, Sherpur Harsaran, Shyami Wala, Sikanderpur Tomaran, Sikanderpur Basi, Sikrauda, Sikri, Sikri, Sultanpur Sabha Chand, Sultanpur Sadat, Sungarpur, Taharpur Ishhak, Taiyabpur Gorwa, Tajpur, Tarikampur Dargu, Tatarpur Lallu (CT), Telinangli, Tisotra, Umarpur, Umri, Vaishpur Kuriya,

History

Nawab Najib-ud-Daula, also known as Najib Khan was a noted Rohilla Muslim warrior and serviceman of both the Mughal Empire and the Durrani empire, Nawab Najib-ud- Daula was a noted Rohilla tribal chief in 18th century Rohilkhand, who in the 1740s founded the city of Najibabad in Bijnor district, India where he established the present day city of Najibabad, a state of Najibabad independent from Rohilla tribes, and received the title, "Nawab Najib-ud-Daulla". From 1757 to 1770 he was governor of Saharanpur, ruling over Dehradun. Many architectural relics of the period of Rohilla he oversaw remain in Najibabad, which he founded at the height of his career as a Mughal minister. He succeed Safdarjung as Grand Wazir of the Mughal Empire and was a devoted serviceman of the Mughal Emperor Alamgir II later in his career he was known as Nawab Najib-ud-Doula.[1]

According to George Foster ("A Journey from Bengal to England", 1790):

Najibuddaulah, who built this town, saw that its situation would facilitate the commerce of Kashmir, which having been diverted from its former channel of Lahore and Delhi, by the inroads of Sicques [Sikhs], Maharattas and Afgans, took course through the mountains at the head of the Punjab, and was introduced into the Rohilla (country) through the Lall Dong Pass. This inducement, with the desire of establishing a mart for the Hindoos of the adjacent mountains, probably influenced the choice of this spot, which otherwise is not favourable for the site of a capital town being low, and surrounded by swampy grounds…. since the death of its founder, Najibabad had fallen from its former importance and seems now chiefly upheld by the languishing trade of Kashmir.”[2]

After the death of Najib-u-Daula, he was succeeded by his son Zabita Khan. His cemetery is still in present day Najibabad.

In Najibabad, there was a fort of great Sultana Daku or "The Sultan Bandit". The fort is still situated in Najibabad.

Forts and monuments

Najibabad has four sites protected by the Archaeological Survey of India :[3]

  • Cemetery of Nawab Najib-ud-Daula
  • Pathargarh Fort built by Najib-ud-Daula (Famous by Sultana Daku ka Qila)
  • Portion of the old Rohilla Palace (called is Thanna)
  • Tomb of Nawab Najib-ud-Daula

Other historical sites include:

  • Jama Masjid
  • Mordhaj also known as Munawar Jar with lofty mound Called chaar minar
  • Nanhe Miya Ground in Pai bagh street
  • Shah Vilayat Dargah (Mubarakpur, Kalheri)
  • Kamal Shah Dargah (kalheri)

नज़ीबाबाद

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[4] ने लेख किया है ... नजीबाबाद (AS, p.477) उत्तर प्रदेश के बिजनौर ज़िले में स्थित एक नगर है। नज़ीबाबाद मालन नदी (प्राचीन मालिनी) से कुछ दूर पर गढ़वाल की तराई में स्थित है। नज़ीबाबाद को मुग़ल सम्राट-अहमदशाह के समकालीन नवाब नज़ीबुद्दौला ने 1750 ई. में बसाया था। नज़ीबुद्दौला एक सफल कूटनीतिज्ञ था और मुग़ल साम्राज्य की तत्कालीन राजनीति में इसका काफ़ी दख़ल था। इसका मक़बरा नज़ीबाबाद में स्थित है। कहते हैं कि नज़ीबुद्दौला ने मराठों को नीचा दिखाने के लिए अहमदशाह आबदली को भारत पर आक्रमण करने के लिए निमंत्रण दिया था. 1857 के विद्रोह में नज़ीबुद्दौला के उत्तराधिकारी नवाब दुंदू खाँ ने अंग्रेजों के विरुद्ध बग़ावत की थी, जिसके कारण उसकी रियासत ज़ब्त कर ली गई और उसका एक भाग रामपुर रियासत को दे दिया गया। रामपुर और नज़ीबाबाद के नवाबी घरानों में विवाह -संबंध थे.

Notable persons

External links

References

  1. History of Najibabad, About Najibabad blogspot, 10 November 2012.
  2. Mehra, Priya Ravish, "'Rafoogari' of Najibabad", Textile Society of America Symposium Proceedings, 456, pp. 260–268
  3. List of Monuments - Agra Circle, Uttar Pradesh
  4. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.477

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