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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Padati (पदाति) is name of people mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi and in Mahabharata.

Mention by Panini

Padati (पदाति), foot-soldiers, is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [1]

Jat clans


Ancestry of Kuru as per Bhagavata Purana

Padati was a Chandravanshi King and son of Janamejaya. It was also used for one of The Mahabharata Tribes.


Bhim Singh Dahiya[2] gives details of coins of a king named Ripu Salya found which have fire altar on them. V. S. Agrawala[3] says, "they migrated from west through Baluchistan and Sindh, where they left the traces of their name in Salvka-giri, (mentioned by Panini) the present Hala mountains; and then advancing towards north Sauvira and along the Saraswati, finally settled in north Rajasthan. Satyavan was a Salva (Hala) prince and Savitri was a Madra or Maderna princess. Madras were descendants of Sibi's son Madraka. Their infantry is mentioned as Salva Padati on the basis of Modern name of mountain Hala. It is probable that the modern Hala Jats were called Salvas by ancients, but Sal/Syal is a separate Jat clan also. Elliot mentions a king, Hala, contemporary of Alexander. "Hāla syat sālvahana" says Amarkosha commentry by Kshira. (हाल स्यात् सालवाहतः) "Śālo Hāla nripe" says Vishva Prakash Kosha. Madhyamadhikara, in Siddhaānta Sārvabhauma, mentions Salivahana, author of Prakrat Saptaśati and adds, "Tadiya Śakah", तदीय शकः. The Hala-Hūṇān of Brihat Samhitā are the Halas. Sālva is an incarnation of Asura Ajaka proving their non-Indian origin, perhaps. [4] Kāsikā says Salva was a Kshatriya, whose descendants are called Salva/Syal.

In Mahabharata

Padati (पदाति) is mentioned in Mahabharata (I.89.50), (1.94),

Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Book I Chapter 89 mentions History of Puru and Pandavas (Aila dynasty). Padati (पदाति) is mentioned in Mahabharata verse (I.89.50)[5]...And the sons of Janamejaya were all endued with great strength and became celebrated all over the world. And they were Dhritarashtra who was the eldest, and Pandu and Valhika, and Nishadha endued with great energy, and then the mighty Jamvunada, and then Kundodara and Padati and then Vasati the eighth. And they were all proficient in morality and profit and were kind to all creatures. Among them Dhritarashtra became king.

External links


  1. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.419
  2. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India,p. 256-257
  3. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.55
  4. Political and Social Movements of Ancient India (H C Ray Chowdhary), p. 109
  5. निषधश च महातेजास तथा जाम्बूनदॊ बली, कुण्डॊदरः पदातिश च वसातिश चाष्टमः समृतः, सर्वे धर्मार्थकुशलाः सर्वे भूतिहिते रताः (I.89.50)