|Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)|
The word "Sadiya" is derived from the Deori-Chutia language and it stands for "land of rising sun". "Sa/Xa" means "Sun", "Di" meaning "water" and "Ya" meaning "land". The ancient city of Sadhayapur/Sadiya can be identified as Bhismaknagar today, situated in the north of modern-day Sadiya town.
Sadiya was the third capital of Chutia Kingdom established by the second Sutiya ruler Ratnadhwajpal in 1248 and remained as the capital till 1524. Extensive remains of buildings and fortifications built during the rule of the Chutias near about Sadiya still point to the importance of the region in the past. Historically Sadiya included the entire districts of Lakhimpur, Dhemaji and Tinsukia. It was the center of development of the Eastern form of Prakrit during both the Chutia and Ahom periods, which later gave rise to the modern form of Assamese. Its stands on a grassy plain, almost surrounded by forested Himalayan mountains, on the right bank of Lohit river what is locally (but erroneously) considered the main stream of the Brahmaputra river.
संवेद्य (AS, p.929) नामक प्राचीन तीर्थ का उल्लेख महाभारत, वनपर्व 85,1 में हुआ है- 'अथ संध्यां समासाद्य संवेद्यं तीर्थमुनमम् उपस्पृश्य नरोविद्यां लभते नात्र संशयः।' अर्थात 'संध्या के समय श्रेष्ठ [p.930]: तीर्थ संवेद्य में जाकर स्नान करने से मनुष्य की विद्या को लाभ होता है, इसमें संदेह नहीं है।' इस तीर्थ का अभिज्ञान सदिया (बंगाल) से किया गया है। संवेद्य के आगे महाभारत, वनपर्व 85, 2-3 में लौहित्य और करतोया का उल्लेख है।
- (Col. Ved Prakash:912)
- Yasmin Saikia, Assam and India: Fragmented Memories, p.6
- Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.929-930