Saindhava

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Saindhava (सैन्धव) is name of people mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi and in Mahabharata.

Mention by Panini

Saindhava (सैन्धव) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [1]

History

Saindhavas ruled western part of Saurashtra (now in Gujarat, India) from c. 740 CE to 920 CE, probably in alliance with Maitrakas. The known historical events during their rule are the attack of Arabs repulsed by Agguka I and their insignificant wars with Chapa rulers of Wadhwan.[1]

Jat clans

History

In Mahabharata

Saindhava (सैन्धव) is mentioned in Mahabharata (I.177.19), (II.31.8),(III.48.21),(VI.68.3),(VI.112.40),


Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Book I Chapter 177 mentions Kshatriyas who came on Swayamvara of Draupadi. Saindhava (सैन्धव) is mentioned in Mahabharata (I.177.19).[2]


Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 31 mentions the Kshatriyas who brought tributes on Rajasuya sacrifice of Yudhisthira. Saindhava (सैन्धव) is mentioned in Mahabharata (II.31.8).


Vana Parva, Mahabharata/Book III Chapter 48 describes Rajasuya sacrifice of Yudhisthira attended by the chiefs of many islands and countries. Saindhava (सैन्धव) is mentioned in Mahabharata (III.48.21).[3]


Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 68 mentions Saindhava (सैन्धव) in Mahabharata verse (VI.68.3). [4]....that mighty bowman the ruler of the Sindhus supported by his friends and kinsmen and many kings of the west and the south also,....


Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 112 mentions Saindhava (सैन्धव) in Mahabharata verse (VI.112.40).[5]....The king of Sindhus, having pierced Virata with nine straight arrows of keen points, once more struck him with thirty. Virata, however, O king, that commander of a large division, struck Jayadratha in the centre of his chest with thirty shafts of keen points. The ruler of the Matsyas and the ruler of the Sindhus, both armed with beautiful bows and beautiful scimitars, both decked with handsome coats of mail and weapons and standards, and both of beautiful forms looked resplendent in that battle.

External links

See also

References

  1. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.35
  2. भगीरथॊ बृहत क्षत्रः सैन्धवश च जयद्रथः, बृहद्रथॊ बाह्लिकश च श्रुतायुश च महारथः (I.177.19)
  3. हारहूणांश च चीनांश च तुखारान सैन्धवांस तदा, जागुडान रमठान मुण्डान सत्री राज्यान अद तङ्गणान (III.48.21)
  4. सैन्धवं च महेष्वासं सामात्यं सह बन्धुभिः, पराच्यांश च थाक्षिणात्यांश च भूमिपान भूमिपर्षभ (VI.68.3)
  5. विराटं सैन्धवॊ राजा विथ्ध्वा संनतपर्वभिः, नवभिः सायकैस तीक्ष्णैस तरिंशता पुनर अर्थयत (VI.112.40)