Virasena Naga

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For another king of this name see Virasena

Virasena Naga (वीरसेन) (170-210 AD) was a Nagavanshi king of Bharashiva family in Nava Naga dynasty. He was founder of Mathura and Padmavati Branches of Nava Naga dynasty[1]

Jat clans


The Harsha Charita of Bana/Chapter VI mentions.... Hamsavati the Sauvira king Virasena with a girdle ornament having a drug-poisoned centre...

K.P. Jayaswal[2] writes that....The Nagaenas are the Naga dynasty of the Bharasivas where-in Virasenanaga was the first king (of the Nava Nagas of the Puranas) who defeated them and dislodged them from Mathura, and earlier still some king who founded Kantipuri below the Vindhyas (Mirzapur) dispossessed them from Eastern Aryavarta. [3] It seems very probable that the compound "Naga-Senas" is made up of the "Nagas"

Dr Naval Viyogi[4] writes about the Re-establishment of Nagas in Kantipuri: The Bharsivas, in the later days of imperial Kushanas or about 150 A.D. reached Kantipur on the Ganges, they performed there Ashwamedha and coronations at or near Banaras where is located the place known as Nagwa, the present site of the Hindu University seems to be associated with their name. From Kantipur, they moved westwards under Virasena, who strikes coins extensively and whose coins are found from Ahichchhatra, regains Padmavati and Mathura.

Nava Naga (year 27 on his coin) was founder of the Nava Naga Dynasty (140-170 AD) of Bharsiva. Virasena (Year 34 on Coin) was founder of Mathura and Padmavati Branches. (170-210 AD). [5]

Nava Nagas Rulers at Kantipuri: [6]

Nava Nagas Rulers at Padmavati:[7]

Dr Naval Viyogi[8] writes ....In about 175 or 180 A.D., we find a Naga king named Virasena re-establishing Naga sovereignty at Mathura. According to Dr. Jayaswal,[9] the rise of Virasena was a turning point not only in the Naga history but also in the history of Aryavarta. His coins have been found in Northern India, almost all over Uttar Pradesh and in the Punjab. They are most common around Mathura. He occupied Mathura and ruled all over the Aryavarta Doab. An inscription of Virasena was discovered by Sir Richhard Burn. There are a number of broken sculptures and carved pieces and the inscription is on the head and mouth of a sculptured animal.[10] The inscription is dated in the 13th year of the reign of Svamin Virasena. Virasena [11] assumed full sovereignty from the first year of his reign. It appears that he ousted the Kushanas from Mathura and the whole of the Doab between the Ganga River and the Yamuna. Virasena had a fairly long reign and according to Dr. Jayaswal he ruled from about 170 A.D. to 210 A.D. The same writer is of the opinion that 'The intimate connection between his coins and coins of the undoubted Bharasiva king, the Naga emblem on his coins as if to complete his name, the period of his rise and his establishing himself at Mathura mark Virasena out as one of the earliest Bharasiva Nagas of the inscriptions and the Nava Nagas of the Puranas.'

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