- For Gotra see Buria
Jat gotra Buria started from their ancestral kingdom named Budia. Thakur Deshraj has identified the clan Budia with Ordabae as mentioned by Megasthenes in his Indica. It is said that one of the Nine Gems --Nav-rattanas- of Akbar namely Birbal lived here.
Lepel H. Griffin writes:The Buria Chiefship was formerly of considerable importance. Its founders were Nanan Singh a Jat of Jhawal Mandan in the Manjha, and Bhag Singh and Rai Singh brothers, all Bhangi Sikhs, who, in 1764, seized the fort of Buria, which the year before had been abandoned by Lachmi Narain, an officer of Zian Khan, the Muhammadan Governor of Sirhind, and had been taken quiet possession of by a few Narwaria Sikhs.
They were not allowed to keep their conquest without opposition, and the Afghans of Aurangabad, coalescing with the Narwarias, enticed Nanun Singh and Bhag Singh to the Aurangabad fort, and put them to death. Rai Singh, and Bhag Singh the adopted son of the murdered Nanun Singh, avenged their relatives ; and seized more territory, in all 204 villages, which they divided ; Rai Singh taking 84 villages, forming his estates of Jugadri and Dyalghar ; and Bhag Singh, 120, the estate of Buria. Bhag Singh died in 1785, and his son Sher Singh was killed in an engagement with the British at Saharanpur in 1804. After his death a long dispute arose between the widows and the sons of the late Sirdar Jaimal Singh and Gulab Singh, which ended in the estate being divided between the sons ; and on the death of Jaimal Singh in 1817, Gulab Singh succeeded to the whole. He died in 1844, and his son Jiun Singh is the present Chief. Buria ranks third among the minor Chiefships, with a revenue of Rs. 42,000.
Mention by Alexander Cunningham
Alexander Cunningham writes that On leaving Thanesar, Hwen Thsang at first proceeded to the south for about 100 li, or 16⅔ miles, to the Kiu-hoen-cha, or Gokantha monastery, which has not yet been identified, but it is probably Gunana, between Vyasthali and Nisang, 17 miles to the south-south-west of Thanesar. I am obliged to notice this monastery as it is the starting-point from which Hwen Thsang measures his next journey of 400 li, or 66⅔ miles, to Su-lu-kin-na or Srughna, which makes the distance between Thanesar and Srughna just 50 miles. Now Sugh, the place which I propose to identify with the capital of Srughna, is only 38 or 40 miles from Thanesar ; but as it agrees exactly in name, and corresponds generally in other particulars, I am quite satisfied that Hwen Thsang's recorded distance must be erroneous, although I am unable to suggest any probable rectification of his figures. The true distance is about 300 li, or 50 miles, from the Gokantha monastery.
[p.346]: is called at the present day. The village of Sugh occupies one of the most remarkable positions that I met with during the whole course of my researches. It is situated on a projecting triangular spur of high land, and is surrounded on three sides by the bed of the old Jumna, which is now the western Jumna canal. On the north and west faces it is further protected by two deep ravines, so that the position is a ready-made stronghold, which is covered on all sides, except the west, by natural defences. In shape it is almost triangular, with a large projecting fort or citadel at each of the angles. The site of the north fort is now occupied by the castle and village of Dyalgarh. The village of Mandalpur stands on the site of the south-east fort, and that of the south-west is unoccupied. Each of these forts is 1500 feet long, and 1000 feet broad, and each face of the triangle which connects them together is upwards of half a mile in length, that to the east being 4000, and those to the north-west and south-west 3000 feet each. The whole circuit of the position is therefore 22,000 feet, or upwards of 4 miles, which is considerably more than the 3½ miles of Hwen Thsang's measurement. But as the north fort is separated from the main position by a deep sandy ravine called the Rohara Nala, it is possible that it may have been unoccupied at the time of the pilgrim's visit. This would reduce the circuit of the position to 19,000 feet, or up wards of 3½ miles, and bring it into accord with the pilgrim's measurement. The small tillage of Sugh occupied the west side of the position, and the small town of Buriya lies immediately to the north of Dyalgarh. The occupied houses, at the time of my visit, were as follows: — Mandalpur 100, Sugh 125,
Of Sugh itself the people have no special traditions, hut of Mandar, or Mandalpur, they say that it formerly covered an extent of 12 kos, and included Jagadri and Chaneti on the west, with Buriya and Dyalgarh to the north. As Jagadri lies 3 miles to the west, it is not possible that the city could have extended so far ; hut we may reasonably admit that the gardens and summer-houses of the wealthier inhabitants may once possibly have extended to that distance.
At Chaneti, which lies 2 miles to the north-west, old coins are found in considerable numbers ; but it is now entirely separated from Buriya and Dyalgarh by a long space of open country. The same coins are found in Sugh, Mandalpur, and Buriya. They are of all ages, from the small Dilials of the Chohan and Tomar Rajas of Delhi to the square punch-marked pieces of silver and copper, which are certainly as old as the rise of Buddhism in 500 B.C., and which were probably the common currency of Northern India as early as 1000 B.C. With this undoubted evidence in favour of the antiquity of the place, I have no hesitation in identifying Sugh with the ancient Srughna.
The importance of the position is shown by the fact that it stands on the high-road leading from the Gangetic Doab, via Mirat, Saharanpur, and Ambala, to the Upper Punjab, and commands the passage of the Jumna. By this route Mahmud of Ghazni returned from his expedition to Kanoj ; by this route Timur returned from his plundering campaign at Haridwar ; and by this route Baber advanced to the conquest of Dehli.
[p.348]: was 6000 li, or 1000, miles in circuit. On the east it extended to the Ganges, and on the north to a range of lofty mountains, while the Jumna flowed through the midst of it. From these data it would appear that Srughna must have comprised the hill states of Sirmor and Garhwal, lying between the Giri river and the Ganges, with portions of the districts of Ambala and Saharanpur in the plains. But the circuit of this tract does not exceed 500 miles, which is only one half of Hwen Thsang's estimate. His excess I would attribute chiefly to the difference between direct measurements on the map, and the actual road distances in a mountainous country. This would increase the boundary line by about one-half, and make the whole circuit 750 miles, which is still far short of the pilgrim's estimate. But there is an undoubted error in his distance between the Jumna and the Ganges, which he makes 800 li, or 133 miles, instead of 300 li, or 50 miles, which is the actual distance between the two rivers from the foot of the hills down to the parallel of Delhi. As it is probable that this mistake was doubled by applying the same exaggerated distance to the northern frontier also, its correction is of importance, as the double excess amounts to 167 miles. Deducting this excess, the circuit of Srughna will be only 833 miles according to Hwen Thsang's estimate, or within 83 miles of the probable measurement.
दलीप सिंह अहलावत लिखते हैं:अमृतसर के भावल गांव के सरदार नानूसिंह मद्र ने अपने भाई भागसिंह, रामसिंह को लेकर जगाधरी के पास बूड़िया नामक विशाल किले पर 1764 ई० में अधिकार कर लिया और 200 गांवों पर शासन स्थिर करके एक बूड़िया रियासत बना ली थी। (इसी बूड़िया में बीरबल का जन्म हुआ था जो सम्राट् अकबर के दरबार में था)।
- Nanan Singh - Jat of Jhawal Mandan in the Manjha, founder of Buria state
- Rai Singh, and Bhag Singh - adopted son of the murdered Nanun Singh
- Jiun Singh Buria - Punjab Chief, The Rajas of the Punjab by Lepel H. Griffin/The History of the Patiala State: p. 49.
- Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihasa (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998 p. 268
- Thakur Deshraj:Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Surajmal Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1992, p.144
- The Rajas of the Punjab by Lepel H. Griffin/The History of the Patiala State, p.49
- The Ancient Geography of India: I. The Buddhist Period, Including the Campaigns of Alexander, and the Travels of Hwen-Thsang. By Sir Alexander Cunningham, p.345-348
- Julien's 'Hiouen Thsang,' ii. 215. See Map No. X.
- जाट वीरों का इतिहास: दलीप सिंह अहलावत, पृष्ठ.201
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