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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Dandaki (दाण्डकी) was an ancient republic of Ayudhjivi Sangha known to Panini.


Jat clans from Dandaki

Mention by Panini

Dandaki (दाण्डकि), a Trigarta tribe, is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [2]


V. S. Agrawala[3] mentions the names of Ayudhjivi Sanghas in the Panini's Sutras which include Trigarta-Shashṭha (V.3.116) – the league of six Trigartas. Trigarta stands for three valleys, viz. , those of the rivers Ravi, Beas and Sutlej. The Trigartas represented a second cluster of mountainous Sanghas being counted amongst Parvatāshrayiṇa, along with the Nīhāras,

[p.445]: Dārvas, Karṇa-Prāvaraṇas, etc., who formed the north-western group. In earlier times, this region, as now, was split up into a number of states. The Kashika mentions the six members of this confederacy as follows: 1. Kauṇḍoparastha (कौण्डोपरस्थ) , 2. Dāṇḍakī (दाण्डकी), 3. Krauṣṭakī (क्रौष्टकी), 4. Jālamāni (जालमानि), 5. Brāhmagupta (ब्रह्मगुप्त), and 6. Jānaki (जानकी).

These are not identified. Brāhmagupta may be Bhramor. Janakis are mentioned as helpmates of Susarma of Trigarta (Adiparva, 61.17, Udyogaparva, 4.17).


Maheswari Prasad considers many gotras to be originated from ancient Trigarta clan named Damani. He[4] writes that it appears that at the time of the final redaction of the Mahabharata the tradition of the six important clans of the Trigartas was well established. It is carious to note that in connection with the application of a suffix Panini makes a reference to the Damini (दामिनी) group and the six Trigartas (दामन्यादि त्रिगर्तसष्टाच्छ: v.3.116). On the basis of an ancient verse the Kashika commentary names these as Kauṇḍoparastha (कौण्डोपरस्थ) , Dāṇḍakī (दाण्डकी), Krauṣṭakī (क्रौष्टकी), Jālamāni (जालमानि), Brāhmagupta (ब्रह्मगुप्त), and Jānaki (जानकी). These communities mentioned in the grammatical literature can be identified with following Jat Gotra names:


विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[5]दंडकी (AS, p.422) - सरभंगजातक के अनुसार दंडकी या दंडक जनपद की राजधानी कुंभवती कही गई है.

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