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Swami Chetnanand

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लेखक:लक्ष्मण बुरड़क, IFS (Retd.), Jaipur

Swami Chetnanand (स्वामी चेतनानन्द) was a pioneer Educationist and reformer in Rajasthan. He was born in the family of a Dhaka Jat farmer of Dadudwara, Ratangarh.

Role in educating the farmers

Chaudhari Rupram Maan and Swami Chetnanand started the education program of Jat farmers in rural areas of Ratangarh tehsil by opening private schools. They appointed Swami Nityanand and Chaudhari Chandgi Ram for this purpose. Swami Chetnanand was born in the family of a Dhaka Jat farmer and could feel the effect of oppression by Jagirdars. These people remained under ground and collected money to start the private education of Jat boys. Chaudhari Buddhram Katewa of Bharatia ki Dhani, Ratangarh, Chaudhari Buddhram Dudi village Sitsar and Chaudhari Surta Ram Sewda, Ratangarh helped a lot in this campaign. Chaudhari Surta Ram Sewda gave his own land for starting a school and Chaudhari Buddhram Dudi got made a shade on this land to start a school.

Beginning of Vidyarthi Bhawan Ratangarh

At that time there were about 40-50 Jat boys getting education in Ratangarh town who were mainly from Sihag, Dudi, and Tetarwal Jats of Ratangarh town and rest were from nearby villages like Sangasar, Loonchh, Loha, Chhabri, Kadia, Tidiyasar, Thathawata etc. Most of these boys were from poor families and could not afford education on their own. The only means of funding the private education was through collection of contribution (chanda) or subscription from the farmers. Jats of Ratangarh and Churu either could not afford or did not give subscription out of fear of the Jagirdars. But the Jats of Ganganagar district were well off and they were not much effected by Jagirdars. They gave handsome amounts for education.

Jat Jan Sewak, 1949, p.132

Chaudhari Hari Ram Dhaka went to Sangariya to get financial help from Swami Keshwanand. Swami Keshwanand appointed him the Manager of Industries Department of Jat High School Sangariya. Megh Singh Sewda also joined this school. Chaudhari Hari Ram Dhaka collected about Rs. 2000/- from the teachers of Jat High School and called Chaudhari Rupram Maan, Vidyarthi Bhawan Ratangarh, to hand over this amount. He then sent Chaudhari Rupram Maan to Advocate Harishchandra Nain at Ganganagar. There was a good subscription at Ganganagar and with this financial assistance Chaudhari Rupram Maan and Swami Chetnanand organized a grand sabha of farmers at Ratangarh in Podaron ka Nohra. Swami Keshwanand and Chaudhari Hari Ram Dhaka also joined this sabha. A number of decisions were taken in this sabha about awakening of the farmers of this area. As decided in this sabha Swami Keshwanand sent Chaudhari Hari Ram Dhaka to Ratangarh to enhance the movement of education and freedom.

जाट जन सेवक

रियासती भारत के जाट जन सेवक (1949) पुस्तक में ठाकुर देशराज द्वारा स्वामी चेतनानन्द का विवरण पृष्ठ 132 पर प्रकाशित किया है। ठाकुर देशराज[1] ने लिखा है ....स्वामी चेतनानन्दजी - [पृ.132]: राजस्थान के साधु-संतों में, जिनसे मेरा परिचय है, उनमें रतनगढ़ के स्वामी चेतनानंद जी के लिए मेरे हृदय में काफी श्रद्धा है। मैंने उनके दर्शन सबसे पहले सन् 1932 में, जब वे अपने शिष्यों समेत झुंझुनू जाट महोत्सव में शामिल हुए थे, परिचय हुआ। बीकानेर के इस हिस्से में वे गरीब लोगों की गुरुकुल ढंग से संस्कृत और हिंदी की शिक्षा देते रहे हैं। उन्हीं के शिष्यों ने अबसे 6-7 साल पहले विद्यार्थी भवन रतनगढ़ को उन्नत रूप दिया है।

स्वामी चेतनानंद जी के दिल में अभागी और बावली कौम के कल्याण के लिए कितनी गहरी साध है उनकी झांकी कभी-कभी मुझे उनके पत्रों से होते रही है जो कि उन्होंने यदाकदा आशीर्वाद और परामर्श के रुप में लिखे।

उनके जैसे निर्लिप्त साधुओं की बड़ी कमी है। रतनगढ़ उसके सुदूरवर्ती इलाके में स्वामी चेतनानंद जी का बड़ा आदर है।

आप दादूपंथी साधु हैं। आपके विद्यालय का नाम दादू विद्यालय के नाम से प्रसिद्ध रहा था।

जीवन परिचय

External links

References


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