Mention by Panini
Bhim Singh Dahiya mentions about Rigvedic tribes - Arksa: (RV Vlll/74/13; X/49/5, Vlll/68/16; Panini IV/1/105). A king is named "Srutarvan Arksa". They are identified with the Arkh clan of the Jats. Cf Arka (Sun).
H.A. Rose tells us that Ark (अर्क) a tribe of Muhammadan Jats, found in Jind, whose members are said to still revere their jathera Sain Das' shrine, and to give the dhianis Re. 1 at weddings in his name.
H.A. Rose writes that Kohja (कोह्जा), In the Jullundur tahsil, are the first Jats to become Musalmans would seem to have been the Kaujas or Kohjas who hold five villages ; one of which is called Kauja, where the Kingra cho enters the District. They say their ancestor was a giant who accompanied Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni in one of his invasions and settled down here as he liked the country. His name was Ali Muhammad or Manju, and he was nicknamed Koh-Cha, or 'little mountain' on account of his size. The change from Koh-cha to Kauja or Kohja is simple. Six of their septs (the Sim, Sadhu, Arak, Sin, Dhanoe, and Khunkhun) claim to be of Arab descent, and so were originally Muhammadans. The others were converted at various times since the reign of Akbar. The above mentioned six septs at least intermarry on equal terms. The Kohjas avoid the use of beef and till lately observed Hindu rites, as well as the Muhammadan nikah, at weddings. 
During the reign of Sennacherib of Assyria, Babylonia was in a constant state of revolt, led by Mushezib-Marduk, and suppressed only by the complete destruction of the city of Babylon. In 689 BC, its walls, temples and palaces were razed, and the rubble was thrown into the Arakhtu, the sea bordering the earlier Babylon on the south.
Arakha or Nebuchadnezzar IV was the self-proclaimed last king of Babylon. In 521 BC, with the disturbances that occurred after the death of Cambyses and the proclamation of Smerdis as King, the Armenians revolted. Darius I of Persia sent an Armenian named Dâdarši to suffocate the revolt, later substituting him for the Persian Vaumisa who defeated the Armenians on May 20, 521 BC. Around the same time, another Armenian by the name of Arakha, son of Haldita, claimed to be the son of the last king of Babylon, Nabonidus, and renamed himself Nebuchadnezzar IV. His rebellion was short lived and was suppressed by Intaphrenes, Darius' bow carrier.
Arakha Second Babylonian revolt
Behustun Inscription Line-49,50 read:
- (49) King Darius says: While I was in Persia and in Media, the Babylonians revolted from me a second time. A certain man named Arakha, an Armenian, son of Haldita, rebelled in Babylon. At a place called Dubâla, he lied unto the people, saying: 'I am Nabû-kudurrī-Aṣur (Nebuchadnezzar), the son of Nabonidus.' Then did the Babylonian people revolt from me and they went over to that Arakha. He seized Babylon, he became king in Babylon.
- (50) King Darius says: Then did I send an army unto Babylon. A Persian named Intaphrenes [Vidafarnâ], my servant, I appointed as their leader, and thus I spoke unto them: 'Go, smite that Babylonian host which does not acknowledge me.' Then Intaphrenes marched with the army unto Babylon. Ahuramazda brought me help; by the grace of Ahuramazda Intaphrenes overthrew the Babylonians and brought over the people unto me. On the twenty-second day of the month Markâsanaš (27 November) they seized that Arakha who called himself Nebuchadnezzar, and the men who were his chief followers. Then I made a decree, saying: 'Let that Arakha and the men who were his chief followers be crucified in Babylon!'
Distribution in Haryana
Distribution in Punjab
Villages in Sangrur district
- Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n.अ-11
- जाट इतिहास:ठाकुर देशराज,पृष्ठ-585
- V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.501
- Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p.220,s.n. 22
- Aryan Tribes and the Rig Veda - by Bhim Singh Dahiya
- A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/A, p.16
- A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/K,p.553
- Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), Bhim Singh Dahiya, p. 333
- Rose: 'Tribes and Castes', Vol. II, p. 16