Niwai

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For Niwai town in Jhunjhunu district see Niwai Jhunjhunu
Location of villages around Niwai in Tonk district

Niwai (निवाई) is a town in Niwai tahsil in Tonk district in Rajasthan.

Variants

  • Nivai निवाई, राज, (p.502)

Location

Niwai (Rajasthan) is located 25.3 kms from Tonk and 53.9 kms from Jaipur. Niwai (Rajasthan) is geographically located at latitude (26.35 degrees) 26° 21' 0" North of the Equator and longitude (75.92 degrees) 75° 55' 12" East of the Prime Meridian on the Map of the world.

Jat Gotras

History

This town has many beautiful chhtris of Kshatriyas.[1]

On 29 July 2015, an idol (dating 1316 Samvat) of Lord Mahavira, 24th Jain Tirthankara has been found while digging the sand there. Newai is known as "Dharma Nagri" and is very peaceful. Devnarayan Bhagawan's temple Jodhpuriya is located here. Bhagawan Devnarayan was son of king Sri Sawai Bhoj Gurjar (one of the 24 brave Gurjar brothers known as Bagaravat) and Saadu Maata Gurjari.

Newai has many temples and worship places of Hindu and Jain religion.In Newai,more than half of the population follows the jain religion. There are various holy places. Among many such places, holy "Sati Mata place" is situated in foothills of "Ractanchal". This is also known as "Lada Chatri" among the local people. Devotees and followers from around the country visit this place to present offerings after their wishes get fulfilled or after any auspicious ceremony in the family e.g. marriage or child birth.

Shivaji Park, hot and cold water springs, and Mashi Dam are some of other attractions in the town. Annual Dussehra festival is organised which is attended by people from the town and surrounding villages. Banasthali Vidyapith, a popular girls' university and Dr. K.N.Modi University are located there.


The town is bordered by scenic Raktanchal Parvat on one side. There are sand dunes and plain desert on opposite side of this hill which attracts people during rainy season.

Battle of Bagru 20 August 1748

Maharaja Suraj Mal developed friendly relations with Raja Jai Singh of Jaipur, who loved him like son. Raja Jai Singh died on 21 September 1748. After Sawai Jai Singh, there was a family dispute between his two sons Ishwari Singh and Madho Singh. Suraj Mal supported claim of the elder son Ishwari Singh on the throne. Younger son Madho Singh also put forward his claim for the throne and he was supported by Maharana Udaipur Jagat Singh. A war started between two brothers at place called Jahajpur in the end of 1748, which ended up in the victory of Ishwari Singh in March 1748. [2]

After a peace of one year the Jaipur state's family dispute reached the peak. The Niwai expedition of Peshwa in May 1748 resulted into Ishwari Singh's agreeing to provide four parganas to Madho Singh. Meanwhile on receiving a message from Ishwari Singh Suraj Mal reached Jaipur with an army of 10000 and advised Ishwari Singh to ignore Peshwa's agreement. Holker then moved to attack Jaipur. Madho Singh was supported by Marathas, Rathors, Sisodia, Hada, Khichi and Panwar rulers.[3] [4]

There was a front of seven rulers against Ishwari Singh, but Jat army under the leadership of Maharaja Suraj Mal faced the supporters of Madho Singh, the combined forces of Marathas, Mughals and Rajputs in Bagru War that started on 20 August 1748. The war continued for thee days in heavy rains. Jaipur army's harawal was led by Sikar thakur Shiv Singh Shekhawat, who was killed by Gangadhar Tantya on second day. Maharaja Suraj Mal himself took the leadership of Jaipur harawal on third day. Suraj Mal fought the war with great courage and hacked himself 50 and wounded 160 enemies. He converted almost sure defeat of Ishwari Singh to a victory. [5] Thus in 1749 he established Ishwari Singh on the throne of Amber. This war enhanced the reputation of Maharaja Suraj Mal in the entire country, because he defeated Shishodias, Rathors, Chauhans and Marathas all together. [6]

Bundi court poet Shurya Mall, who was watching the above war has mentioned about the bravery of Suraj Mal in Hindi poetry as under:[7]

"नहीं जाटनी ने सही व्यर्थ प्रसव की पीर
जन्मा उसके गर्भ से सूरजमल सा वीर"

Translation - The Jatni did not bear the labour pain in vain, she gave birth to a brave warrior like Suraj Mal.

निवाई

निवाई, राज, (AS, p.502): प्राचीन क्षत्रिय-नरेशों की समाधि-छतरियां इस स्थान पर हैं जो शिल्प के सुंदर उदाहरण हैं.

रेढ़

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[8] ने लेख किया है ...रेढ़, जिला टोंक, राज, (AS, p.799) : निवाई स्टेशन से 15 मील दक्षिण-पूर्व में स्थित है. बनास की एक उपनदी इस ग्राम के निकट बहती है. यहां आहत टंक मुद्राओं (Punchmarked Coins)सहितएक मृदभांड प्राप्त हुआ था जिसमें माला के दाने, शंख, हाथीदांत और कांसे आदि की वस्तुएं भी रखी थी. सिक्कों से अलेक्जेंडर (सिकंदर) की लौटती हुई सेना के विरुद्ध युद्ध करने वाले एक राज वंश के अस्तित्व के बारे में सूचना मिलती है.


राजस्थान का यह स्थान नवाई स्टेशन से 15 मील दक्षिण पूर्व में स्थित है। इस प्राचीन स्थल का उत्खनन 1938 ई. में के. एन. पुरी द्वारा करवाया गया। रेढ़ में छोटे-छोटे टीले विस्तृत क्षेत्र में फैले हुए हैं। यहाँ से उत्खनन में प्राप्त सामग्री में मिट्टी के मकान, अनेक लौह उपहरण, प्रचुर मात्रा में पाषाण मनके, मृण्मूर्तियाँ सम्मिलित हैं। यह सामग्री शुंग एवं शुंगोत्तर काल का प्रतिनिधित्व करती हैं। यहाँ से प्राप्त सेलखड़ी की डिबिया उन डिबियों के सदृश हैं, जिनमें महात्मा बुद्ध या बौद्ध भिक्षुओं के अवशेष स्तूपों में रखे जाते थे। रेढ़ के उत्खनन से यह स्पष्ट रूप से परिलक्षित होता है कि यह स्थान तीसरी शताब्दी ई. पू. में एक विकसित नगर था, जो दूसरी शताब्दी ईस्वी तक पल्लवित होता रहा। मालव सिक्कों एवं मालव मुद्राओं एवं आहत सिक्कों की उपलब्धि से यह निष्कर्ष निकाला गया कि यह मालवों का एक केन्द्र था, जो सम्भवत: मौर्यशुंग शासकों के अधीन राज्य करते थे। [9]

Villages in Niwai tahsil

Abhaipura Niwai, Abhaipura, Agarpura, Ahmadpura @ Kethooniya, Ajeetpura, Akodiya, Aliyabad, Anatpura, Arniya, Bahadurpura, Bahakwa, Bahar, Banasthali, (CT) Banshipura, Baradi, Bareda, Barh Damodarpura, Barh Gor Khurd, Barh Handa, Barh Jagsara, Barh Jhanpari, Barh Kheri Mohanpura, Barh Kukasya, Barh Lodhera, Barh Pathraj Kalan, Barh Rampura, Barhbhantriya, Barhchhoriya, Barhgor Kalan, Barodiya @ Bhanwar Sagar, Baroni, Barthal, Bassi, Beedoli, Bhadangpura, Bhagatrampura, Bhagwanpura Niwai, Bhagwatpura Niwai, Bhairupura, Bhanwarpura, Bhanwata, Bhanwati, Bharthala, Bhatariya, Bhurtiya, Bichpari, Bishanpura Niwai, Brijlalpura Niwai, Chainpura, Chak Vijaipura, Chanani, Chatarbhuj Pura, Chhoriya, Chikana, Chorpura, Churada, Churada, Dahlod, Damodarpura, Dangarthal, Darab Nagar, Datwas, Dayalpura, Deopura Bordi, Deopura Niwai, Deori, Ganeshpura @ Hathathali, Gangapura, Girdharipura, Gopalpura, Gopalpura, Gopalpura, Gordhanpura, Gordhanpura, Govindpura, Gudha Anandpura, Gunsi, Hadi Gaam, Hameedpura, Hanotiya Bujurg, Harbhagatpura, Hingoniyan, Hingotiya, Jagatpura, Jagmohanpura, Jagsara, Jaisinghpura, Jamdoli, Jasodanandan Pura, Jeewali, Jhanpari, Jhilai, Jhujharpura, Jodhpura, Jugalpura Kalan, Jugalpura Khurd, Kachariya, Kanesar, Kantoli, Karanpura, Kareda Bujurg, Kaririya, Kayamnagar @ Basri, Keriya , Kerod, Khajpura, Khandewat, Khandwa, Khera, Kheri Manpura, Khirgi, Kishorpura, Kiwara, Kurawada, Lalwari, Laxmi Damodarpura, Lodhera, Luhara, Lunera, Mahapura @ Turkiya, Maharaj Kanwarpura, Maharajpura, Mahasinghpura @ Majookra, Manmohanpura, Manoharpura, Maraliya, Medharkalan, Moondiya, Mothooka, Nagal Isar, Nagal Narhar, Nagar, Naharbari, Nalaa, Natwara, Naya Mauja Jaisinghpura, Niwai(Rural), Niwai (M), Nohta, Pahari, Palei, Parana, Pathraj Mustarka, Pratappura, Rachakpura, Radha Govindpura, Radha Kishnpura, Rahar, Raholi, Raidamodarpura, Rajwas, Ramawata, Rambha, Ramchandrapura, Ramjipura, Ramnagar Dhaturi, Rampura, Ramsinghpura, Ratanpura @ Rohera, Roopbas, Saidariya Khurd, Sajiya, Sakatpura, Sangarampura, Sangrampura, Sarsari Rampura, Sawai Jaisinghpura, Seendra, Seepura, Shobhagpura, Shri Daulatpura, Shri Govindpura, Shri Jagpura, Shri Kripalpura, Shri Rajdhanpura, Shri Rajdhirajpura, Shri Rampura @ Nayagaon, Shri Sooratpura, Shri Sukhpura, Shri Vijaipura, Shyopura, Shyosinghpura, Shyosinghpura, Sidra, Siras, Sirohi, Sooraj Ka Khera, Soorajpura, Soorat Rampura, Sukh Chainpura, Sunara, Sunari, Suriya, Teetoli @ Bara Gaon Tilokpura, Tordi, Vijai Govindpura, Vijaipura,

Notable persons

  • Rajesh Choudhary (Kulhari) - Lecturer, Address : M/S Bajrang Lal Kishan Lal Choudhary,Cloth Merchant,Main Market,Niwai, Tonk, Rajasthan, Mob: 9251600710

External links

References

  1. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.502
  2. Dr. Prakash Chandra Chandawat: Maharaja Suraj Mal aur unka yug, Jaypal Agencies Agra, Page-611982
  3. Sudan:Sujan Charitra
  4. Dr. Prakash Chandra Chandawat: Maharaja Suraj Mal aur unka yug, Jaypal Agencies Agra, 1982, Page-62
  5. Kalika Ranjan Qanungo: History of the Jats
  6. Dr. Prakash Chandra Chandawat: Maharaja Suraj Mal aur unka yug, Jaypal Agencies Agra, 1982, Page-63
  7. Dr. Prakash Chandra Chandawat: Maharaja Suraj Mal aur unka yug, Jaypal Agencies Agra, 1982, Page-63
  8. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.799-800
  9. भारतकोश-रेढ़

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