For Ballabhgarh in Bharatpur district, please see Ballabhgarh Bharatpur
|Author of this article is Laxman Burdak लक्ष्मण बुरड़क|
Ballabhgarh (बल्लभगढ़) is a town and tahsil in Faridabad District of Haryana, India. Raja Nahar Singh (1823 – 1858) was King of this princely state. The forefathers of Jat Raja Nahar Singh had built a fort here around 1739 AD. The small kingdom of Ballabhgarh is only 20 miles from Delhi. The name of the Jat Raja Nahar Singh will always be highly regarded among those who martyred themselves in the 1857 war of independence.
Villages in Ballabhgarh Tahsil
Ahmadpur, Akbarpur, Alipur, Aruwah, Atali, Aterna, Auli, Badoli, Badraula, Bahadurpur, Bahbalpur, Bhainsraoli, Bhanakpur, Bhikuka, Bijopur, Bukharpur, Chandaoli, Chandpur, Chhainsa, Dalelgarh, Dayalpur, Digh, Dulahpur Alias Parasrampur, Faizupur Khadar, Fatehpur Biloch, Firozpur Kalan, Garhkhera, Gharora, Ghorasan, Harphala, Hirapur, Imamuddinpur, Jafarpur Majra Chhainsa, Jawan, Junehera, Kabulpur Bangar, Kadhaoli, Kail Gaon, Karnera, Kurali, Ladhauli, Ladhia Pur, Landola, Latifpur, Machhgar, Mahola, Makanpur, Malerna, Mandhawali, Manjhaoli, Maojpur, Mohna, Mortzapur, Mothuka, Mozza Mabad Majra Sekhpur, Mujeri, Nagla Jogian, Nangla Majra Chandpur, Narhaoli, Naryala, Nawada Tigaon, Pahladpur Majra Badrola, Pahladpur Majra Digh, Panehra Kalan, Panehra Khurd, Phophunda, Piala, Raipur Kalan, Sagarpur, Sahapur Khurd, Sahupura, Samaipur, Sarurpur, Shahjahanpur, Shahpur Kalan, Shahupura, Shekhpur, Sikri, Sikrona, Sotai, Sunper, Zakopur,
The founders of the princely state of Ballabgarh had come from village Janauli, which is more than 2000 years old. The Tewatia Jat Sardar Gopal Singh left Janauli in 1705 (in Palwal) and got settled at Sihi, a village of Tewatia Jats in Ballabgarh at a distance of about 5 km from Ballabhgarh. The Mughal ruler Aurangzeb had died. Gopal Singh started establishing power in Delhi- Mathura region. With the help of Gujars of village ‘Lagon’ he attacked Rajput Chaudhary of that area and arrived at an agreement with Mugal officer Murtza Khan of Faridabad and became Chaudhary of Faridabad pargana in 1710. He wanted to expand his army and collect huge wealth but died soon. His successor was Charan Das. Charan Das was also ambitious and when saw weakening of the Mughal rule, he stopped paying malgujari. The army of Mughals arrested Charan Das.
Charan Das's son, Balram Singh, later rose to a powerful ruler. Princely state of Ballabgarh is named so after his name. Jats along the Royal Delhi-Agra route at that time were in revolt against the oppressive Mughal rule. Tewatias of this area had already established themselves as counter force in this area. Balram Singh often called Ballu by the local people moved on a few Elephants, Horses and Camels loaded with Big drums (Nagaade) and Dhaunse (big band) followed by his local army. Went wherever Ballu with this band it was assumed that area was no longer of Mughals and Ballu had won that. It was a sort of Aswamedh Yagna that he performed. Here from started a saying "Dheeng Dheeng Ballu ka Raj". Immediately peace returned to those areas, which were conquered by Ballu.
Murtija Khan’s son Akvitmahmud killed Balram Singh on 29 November 1753. After Balram Singh, Maharaja Suraj Mal appointed Balram Singh’s sons Bisan Singh and Kisan Singh as Kiledars. They ruled Ballabhgarh till 1774, when Hira Singh became the ruler of Ballabhgarh.
Raja Nahar Singh ascended the throne in 1829 and proved to be a just ruler. Raja Nahar Singh was ruler of 101 villages of Ballabhgarh.
Ruling Dynasty Tewathya Of Ballabhgarh
Ram Sarup Joon writes that ... Chaudhary Gopal Singh of Sihi began to raid the Moghul territory. Combining with the Gujars he killed the Rajput Chaudhary, The Moghul Governor of Faridabad recognised him as the Chaudhary, but after some time he stopped payment of the revenue to the Royal Treasury, and Chaudhary Charan Das was arrested. His son, Bal Ram made solemn promises to deposit the revenue and had his father released.
But he failed to arrange for the money. Father and son killed Murtaza Khan, the Governor of the Pargana, and took shelter with Raja Suraj Mal, and married his daughter to him. Through his help they sought pardon from Delhi Durbar and finally Bal Ram was reinstated as the Ruler of Ballabgarh.
He was a brave soldier in the forces of Raja Suraj Mal. The last ruler of this dynasty was hanged by the British in 1857.
Excerpts from Delhi Gazeeter 1912
See the following link (Page Nos. 222-224)- http://revenueharyana.gov.in/html/gazeteers/Delhi%20Gazeetter%201912.pdf
The name Ballabgarh is probably a corruption from Balramgarh, the fort of Balram, its founder, and the place is by no means an ancient town. The earliest account of its becoming important shows that in 1705 Gopal Singh, a Jat zamindar of the village Alawalpur, came and settled in Sihi near Ballabgarh, having turned out the Taga cultivators of that place. As he waxed strong by plundering travellers on the Muttra road, he was able to attack Amjad, tho Rajput Chaudhri, and, with the aid of the Gujars of Tigtan, to kill him. Murtaza Khan, the local official in Faridabad, tried in 1710 to settle matters by appointing Gopal Singh Chaudhri of the Faridabad Pargana with a cess of one anna in the rupee on the revenue. In 1711 Gopal Singh died and was succeeded by his son Charan Das who, seeing how weak the imperial grasp was growing even in the nearer districts, appropriated the revenue and openly refused to make it over to Murtaza Khan. He was however seized in 1714 and imprisoned by the latter in Faridabad fort where he remained some little time till his Bon Balram, duping the Muhammadan officer under pretence of paying a ransom, set him at liberty.
[The story goes that he promised to pay a large amount in cash directly if his father was freed. To carry out the arrangement, it was stipulated that the captive should be set at liberty directly the silver came into the hands of his captors. He was brought guarded to the side or the tank near Ballabgarh, and when the cart bringing the treasure had come up, and one or two bags of rupees had been examined, Charandas was let go, He immediately made of on a fleet horse with his son. The other bags were found to contain paisa.]
Father and son then obtained the aid of the Bharatpur Raja Surajmal and killed Murtaza Khan. The ascendancy of the Bharatpur Chief continued down to 1738; in-the next year the Delhi King gave the titles of Naib Bakhshi and Rao to Balram and it was to celebrate the acquisition of these honours that Balram built the stone fort-palace of Ballabgarh. He was not annoyed long to enjoy his rank, for he was killed in return for his murder of Murtaza Khan by Akibat Mahmud, the son of his victim. His sons Kishan Singh and Bishan Singh remained in possession of the Ballabgarh Fort and they were in 1762 nominated Kiladar aur Nizam of this parganah by the Maharaja of Bharatpur. In 1774 however he dismissed them from his service and they died about the same time. Next year Ajft Singh, son of Kishan Singh, and Hira Singh, son of Rao Kishan Das, presented themselves before the Emperor at Delhi and agreed to deliver possession of the Ballabgarh parganah to the royal authority: one Najaf Khan of the imperial establishment was deputed to take it. Ajit Singh was appointed Kiladar and Nizam of Ballabgarh while Hira Singh was taken away by the Nawab Najaf Khan to Agra. The next year he came back and Ajit Singh was formally entitled Raja, and Hira Singh was called Haja and also Salar Jang. The revenue of Ballabgarh was estimated at Rs. 1,20,000 and it was made an istamrdr tenure of 60,000 rupees. Meanwhile the administration of the country had come into the hands of Madhoji Scindia who remitted the amount taken as istamrari. In 1793 Ajit Singh was murdered by his brother Zalim, but was succeeded by his son Bahadur Singh. In 1803 on the approach of General Lake, Bahadur Singh sent his son Pirthi Singh and Hira Singh sent his son Ganga Parshad to the English army. Pirthi Singh was killed at the fight at Dara Mukandra, and Ganga Parshad ran away. It appeared that Hira Singh was in collusion with the Mahrattas and so he was turned out of office; Bahadur Singh was confirmed in it in 1804 and received next year the grant of parganas Pall and Pakal in return for undertaking the police arrangements of the road. This Raja built the town of Ballabgarh which is also called Ramganj.
Bahadur Singh having died in 1806, Narayan Singh, his son, succeeded but died also in the same year. Anrud Singh became Raja and ruled till 1818. His minor son Sahib Singh came next and the widow of Anrurd Singh built the Chhatri with a pakka tank in memory of her deceased husband. Sahib Singh died childless in 1825 and was succeeded by his uncle Ram Singh. In the time of this prince the parganahs of Pali and Pakal were resumed by the Government, the Magistrate of Delhi undertaking the charge. Faridabad parganah meanwhile was left in the charge of Ram Singh and he was considered responsible for maintaining the public peace on the Muttra road between the limits of the Burhiya bridge and mauza Pirthala in Palwal. Ram Singh died in 1829 and Nahar Singh, his son, came to power. The earlier years of his reign saw great mischief and intrigue caused by Abhe Ram and Pirthi Singh the ministers, through whose mismanagement the estate fell into debt. In 1839 Abhe Ram was dismissed and Nawal Singh the maternal uncle of Nahar Singh came into power: he ejected Pirthi Singh and in conjunction with Ram Parshad, nephew to Deo Kanwar, became the actual ruler, though all acts continued to be done in the name of Raja Nahar Singh.
In 1840 Nawal Singh becoming absolute, disputes ran high and di-organisation increased, so the British Agent was appealed to and his interference sought.
Enquiries were instituted through a special Commissioner deputed to Ballabgarh and the management of the territory was experimentally entrusted to Kanwar Madho Singh, a grand nephew of Raja Bahadur Singh (the first chief within the time of the British influence), but the plan failed and parganah Interest. Faridabad was taken under British management. The young Raja however protested against this and when he attained his majority and urged his competency to manage his own affairs, the territory was restored to him. Yet, after a long reign, he was implicated in correspondence with the mutineers in 1857 and was hanged. The Raj was confiscated but the dowager Rani Kishan Kanwar was given a pension and allowed to live in Ballabgarh, where she bought the zamindari right from Government for Rs. 64,500. The ownership of the village has since passed into the hands of the Raja of Faridkot.
Ballabgarh is a town of 4,000 inhabitants, 23 miles from Delhi along the Delhi-Muttra Road. It is the headquarters of a tahsil and possesses a thana, school, dispensary, a veterinary dispensary with stallion stables, and a new Town Hall. There is a station on the Agra-Delhi Chord Railway about a mile from the town. The town itself is a collection of mean houses, but has two broad bazars crossing one another at right angles and forming a small square in the centre: from these bazars issue smaller streets but all at right angles to the main bazar with a wall at the end of each: the town is said to have derived its regular shape from having been built on the model of Jaipur. The fort, which is outside the town, contains the palace of the former Raja; it used to consist of several houses of which all, except one, have gone to ruin. There is left only a square two-storied building of white sand stone with carved doors and a courtyard in the centre, which is utilised as a tahsil: outside this is a building now used as a thana. The fort is surrounded by a stone wall about 30 feet high. The town is inhabited mostly by agriculturists and has fallen off in importance since the absorption into British territory.
The municipal income averages Rs. 10,000, Rs. 1,100 is paid in income tax, and the land revenue demand on the agricultural profits amounts to Rs. 3,000, most of which is assigned to the owner, the Raja of Faridkot.
ठाकुर देशराज के अनुसार यह तेवतिया गोत्र के जाटों का राज्य था। देहली गजेटियर से जो इनका हाल मिलता है वह संक्षेप मे इस तरह से है - बल्लबगढ़ से उत्तर की ओर 3 मील के फासले पर सीही नाम का एक ग्राम है। 1705 ई. के लगभग सरदार गोपाल सिंह नाम का एक जाट वीर यहां आकर बसा। औरंगजेब उस समय मर चुका था। उसके पीछे के मुगल-शासक ऐश, आराम और पारस्परिक कलह में नष्ट हो रहे थे। गोपालसिंह ने अपने साथियों के साथ राज्य-स्थापना की भावना से प्रेरित होकर देहली और मथुरा के बीच के प्रदेश में लूटमार आरम्भ कर दी। थोड़े ही समय में बहुत साधन और शक्ति एकत्रित कर ली। उस समय बल्लभगढ़ से 8 मील पूर्व की ओर ‘लागोन’ नाम के गांव में गूजर बड़ा जोर पकड़ रहे थे। इसने उनसे मित्रता कर ली। आस-पास के गांव की चौधरायत एक राजपूत के पास थी। गूजरों की सहायता से उस राजपूत पर चढ़ाई करके गोपालसिंह ने उसे मार डाला और उसके प्रदेश पर अधिकार कर लिया।
फरीदाबाद में उस समय मुगलों की ओर से मुर्तिजा खां ऑफिसर था। उसे चाहिए तो यह था कि गोपालसिंह को दण्ड देता, क्योंकि उसने मुगलों के राजपूत चौधरी को मारकर राज-द्रोही होने का परिचय दिया था। किन्तु उसने भयभीत होकर गोपालसिंह से संधि कर ली और उसे फरीदाबाद के परगने का चौधरी बना दिया। कुल लगान में से एक आना फी रुपये के हिसाब से कटौती का हक भी उसे दे दिया। यह घटना 1710 ई.की है। गोपालसिंह मुगलों की कमजोरी से खूब लाभ उठाना चाहता था। इसलिए सेना की भर्ती और धन भी संग्रह शीघ्रता-पूर्वक करने लगा। किन्तु उसका इरादा पूरा होने से पहले ही मृत्यु हो गई। उसके बाद चरनदास चौधरी बना। यह भी महत्वाकांक्षी था। उसने जब आसपास के जिलों में बादशाही हुकूमत को कमजोर होते देखा तो मालगुजारी देना बन्द कर दिया। मुगलों की ओर से चरनदास के खिलाफ सेना भेजी गई। चूंकि चरनदास की अभी इतनी शक्ति नहीं थी कि वह मुगल सेना का सामना कर सके, इसलिए चरनदास मुगलों द्वारा गिरफ्तार कर लिया गया।
चरनदास के पुत्र बलराम ने जब देखा कि युद्ध द्वारा अपने पिता को छुड़ा लेना कठिन है तो उसने एक चाल चली। वह यह कि मालगुजारी का रुपया देने का वायदा करके अपने बाप चरनदास को मुगल-सैनिकों के पहरे में बल्लभगढ़ में बुलवा दिया। रुपयों की दो थैलियां उनमें दो-एक में तो रुपये, बाकी सब में पैसे भर दिए। चरनदास छोड़ दिया गया और मुगल-सैनिक थैलियां लेकर के प्रस्थान कर गए।
पिता और पुत्र दोनों ने उस समय यही उचित समझा कि बल्लबगढ़ को
जाट इतिहास:ठाकुर देशराज,पृष्ठान्त-719
छोड़कर भरतपुर के महाराज सूरजमल की शरण में चले जाएं। बाद में शाह अहमदशाह के गद्दी पर बैठने के समय तक यानी सन् 1747 ई. तक इन विद्रोहियों से लिखत-पढ़त लगातार जारी रखी, परन्तु हर समय बहानेबाजी से टाल दिया गया। वजीर की क्रोधाग्नि धधकाने और उससे जाटों का सर्वनाश करने की प्रतिज्ञा कराने के लिए यह पर्याप्त था। अतएव सन् 1749 में अमीरुल उमरा के साथ-साथ ही वह उनके विरुद्ध मैदान में आया और फरीदाबाद को अपने काबू में कर लिया। सूरजमल जिसका कि हौंसला, हाल ही में मुगल-सेना के ऊपर जिसका कि सेनापति शहनशाह (साम्राज्य) का कमाण्डर-इन-चीफ स्वयं था, विजय पाने से बहुत कुछ बढ़ गया था, इस क्षे़त्र में वजीर को शान्ति से राज्य कर लेने देने वाला नहीं था। उसने सब तरह से ही जाटों की सहायता करने की तैयारी की। डीग और कुम्हेर के किलों को सुरक्षित करके वजीर के विरुद्ध कूच बोल दिया। भाग्य ने सूरजमल की सहायता की। वजीर अपने सूबे अवध के आसपास ही में रुहेलों के भयंकर विद्रोह का समाचार पाकर जाटों के साथ झगड़ा न करने का फैसला करके ही देहली को वापस चला गया। उसने इन अफगानों से युद्ध किया और उपद्रव को शान्त करने के पश्चात् अपने नाइब नवलराम को उनसे निकाले हुए जिलों का चार्ज देकर जाटों के खिलाफ कार्यवाही को फिर से अपने हाथ में लिया और उनके विरुद्ध एक सेना भेजी। जाटों के युद्ध के लिए तैयारी हो जाने पर वह जुलाई सन् 1750 में बरसात में उनका मुकाबला करने के लिए बढ़ा चला आया। परन्तु इस समय सहतदखां बंगश द्वारा नवलराम के हराए और मारे जाने के समाचार ने उसे सूरजमल के साथ अपना झगड़ा निबटा लेने के लिए बाध्य किया।
मराठा वकील के बीच में पड़ने से सन्धि हुई। बलराम मराठा मन्त्री के साथ-साथ वजीर के सामने गया, जिसने कि उसे क्षमा प्रदान कर उसकी गैर-कानूनी रीति से कब्जा की हुई भूमि आदि को उसी के अधिकार में बने रहने की गुप-चुप आज्ञाएं दीं। राजा सूरजमल को 6 भागों की और उसके बख्शी को एक भाग की खिलअत दी गई।
बलराम को सन् 1753 ई. की 29 नवम्बर को आकवितमहमूद ने इसलिए मरवा डाला कि बलराम ने उसके बाप मुर्तिजाखां को कत्ल किया था। बलराम के मारे जाने के बाद में महाराज सूरजमल ने उनके लड़के विशनसिंह को किशनसिंह का किलेदार और नाजिम बनाया। वे सन् 1774 तक बल्लभगढ़ के कर्ता-धर्ता रहे। उनके बाद हीरासिंह बल्लभगढ़ का मालिक हुआ।
कैथल व उनके सजातीय बन्धुओं के साथ बल्लभगढ़ के राजाओं ने वैवाहिक सम्बन्ध करने के लिए एक सभा भी कराई थी, क्योंकि मांझ के जाट मलोई जाटों को अपने से हेटा समझते थे।
जाट इतिहास:ठाकुर देशराज,पृष्ठान्त-720
बल्लबगढ़ के राजाओं का खिताब राजा का था। अंग्रेजी-राज्य के समय में इनका सूर्यास्त हो गया।
- Dilip Singh Ahlawat- “ Jat Viron ka Itihas : 1857 - THE FIRST WAR OF INDIAN INDEPENDENCE
- Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934, 2nd edition 1992.
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