Hardoi (हरदोई) is a city and district in Uttar Pradesh.
Origin of name
- People believe that the name Hardoi comes from distorted version of its earlier name Haridrohi, which is a Hindi word that means "anti to the God". According to Hindu theology, in the past it was ruled by a king Hiranyakashipu, who didn’t have faith in God, but instead declared himself as God. He wanted the people to pray to him, but later his own son Prahlad rebelled. He tried to kill his own son by various means, but was unsuccessful. Later, to save Prahlad, God himself came in disguise, such that he was neither human nor animal, and killed Hiranyakashipu.
- According to some scholars, the term "Hardoi" originated from the term "Haridwaya" which means two gods. Since there were two gods, Vamana Bhagavan (in the regime of King Bali) and Narasimha Bhagavan (in the regime of King Hiranyakashipu) had been incarnated hence the place called Haridwaya and later called Hardoi.
The Ganges and several of its tributaries are crossing the south of Hardoi district.
Tahsils in Hardoi district
District Hardoi comprises five tehsils:
Villages in Hardoi Sub district
Achra Mau, Achuapur, Adampur, Aeja, Agaulapur, Ahemdi, Ahirori, Ahri, Aincha Mau, Akbarpur, Akbarpur Pasnamau, Ali Nager, Allipur, Amethya, Andhara, Anua, Armee, Arongapur, Arwapur, Asa, Aseulee, Athaua, Atra, Atwa Asigaon, Atwa Kataiyn, Auhadpur Sakara, Ayak Ghara, Ayari, Badauli, Baghauli, Baghouramal, Bagocha, Bahar, Bahloli, Bahorwa, Bahraiya, Bajeedpur, Bajehra, Bakhariya, Baksapur, Balehra, Balleepur, Bamhna Kherda, Bane Kuian, Bannai, Bannapur, Barauli, Bardaua, Bargawan, Barhiya Kherha, Barkhara, Barkherwan, Barmahaula, Barra Sarain, Barwan Ahat Mali, Basen, Bausra, Bavnapur, Bawan, Beekapur, Behta Dheera, Behta Gokul, Behta Murtja Bax, Behta Sadhai, Behti, Bhadeicha, Bhadeura, Bharaon, Bharayal, Bharigawan, Bhaunsari, Bhaunta Kamalpur, Bheekhpur, Bheetha Mahasingh, Bhelawau, Bhitha Dan, Bhithari, Bhurdiya, Bijgawan, Bindhouri, Biskula, Burdhagaon, Dahee, Dahigawan, Dahti Salukpur, Dalelpur, Danialgang, Daulatpur, Deoriya, Deviya Fatteypur, Dhakia Kala, Dhenni Tusaurn, Dholiya, Dhoviya, Dighiya, Dularpur, Dulhapur, Fardapur, Fareedapur, Fatiyapur, Fool Behta, Fukha, Gadaipur, Gadanpur, Gangapur, Gangauli, Gardeurn, Garhi, Gauradanda, Ghosar, Gonda Rao, Gopamau, Gopar, Gorda Dhar, Govardhanpur, Gulamau, Gulrhiha, Gulriya, Gursanda, Hans Barauli, Hardha, Hardoi Sub-District, Hariharpur, Hariyawan, Harri, Hathiyai, Hunsepur, Husenpur Sahora, Husiyapur, Jagdishpur, Jagrauli, Jamuniya, Japra, Jareli, Jayrajpur, Jigniya Khurd, Jio, Joora, Kaimau, Kaimpur, Kakrahi, Kakumau, Kala Aam, Kaliyani, Kam Rauli, Kamolia, Karahi, Karem Nagar Jalalpur, Karim Nagar Saidapur, Kashipur, Kasmandee, Kasrawna, Kathethiya, Kathigara, Katka, Kaurha, Kauthaliya, Keharmau, Kesvan, Khaju Rahrn, Khajur Mai, Kharda Khera, Kheriya, Kherwa Dalauli, Kherwa Kamalpur, Khetuai, Kordwa, Korriya, Kot, Kotra, Kuian, Kurseli, Kutuapur, Lalolee, Lalpur, Lalpur Bhaisari, Lalpur Kanhri, Lehna, Lilwal, Lodhi, Lokwapur, Lonar, Madara, Madhopur, Madrawan, Maheen Kund, Mahmadapur, Mahuaipuri, Mahura Kalan, Maina Mau, Majhiya, Majhraeta, Mangolapur, Manpur, Marai, Marsa, Matua, Mavaiya, Mayoni, Mendua, Meuna Maheshpur, Modipur, Mona, Moosepur, Mujahidpur, Muradpur, Murwan, Nanhey, Narainpur Grant, Naya Gaon Deoriya, Naya Gaon Habibpur, Naya Gawn Muvarkpur, Neer, Nevada, Nevada, Nivuai, Odra Pachlai, Oeranevliya, Pachkohra, Padri, Pahnutera, Paidhai Pala, Palpur Baragi Khera, Paraspur, Parauchi, Parchal Rasoolpur, Patkuawan, Peng, Peng, Pipari, Pipona, Punniya, Pura Bahadur, Purori, Purwa Deoriya, Purwa Hafijudinpur, Rahimpur, Ramapur Raholiya, Raniyamau, Rao Bahadur, Rara, Rawal, Saareepur Heeralal, Sadhinava, Sagrapur, Sahijana, Sahoriya Bujurg, Sahulpur, Sainti, Saintiapur, Sakaha, Sakara, Sakatpur, Sakhin, Sandana, Sandila, Saripur Bramhnan, Saripur Chhachheta, Sariyan, Sarra, Sarsaiya, Sathra, Saunhar, Sautera, Sekhora, Seva, Shahbuddinpur, Shahpur Binora, Shivri, Sihona, Sikanderpur, Sikrohari, Singhua Mau, Sirsa, Sohasa, Sonoiya, Sursaa, Tandauna, Tandiyawan, Tandor, Tans Khera, Tatura, Teni, Teria, Teriya, Thamarwa, Thok Bandho, Thok Kaboolpur, Thokkhala, Tikari, Tolwa Antdanpur, Tundwal, Turteepur, Udhranpur, Umrapur, Umrapur, Unouti, Utara, Victoriya Ganj, Vira Himpur,
Villages in Sandila Sub district
Achra Mau Achuapur Adampur Aeja Agaulapur Ahemdi Ahirori Ahri Aincha Mau Akbarpur Akbarpur Pasnamau Ali Nager Allipur Amethya Andhara Anua Armee Arongapur Arwapur Asa Aseulee Athaua Atra Atwa Asigaon Atwa Kataiyn Auhadpur Sakara Ayak Ghara Ayari Badauli Baghauli Baghouramal Bagocha Bahar Bahloli Bahorwa Bahraiya Bajeedpur Bajehra Bakhariya Baksapur Balehra Balleepur Bamhna Kherda Bane Kuian Bannai Bannapur Barauli Bardaua Bargawan Barhiya Kherha Barkhara Barkherwan Barmahaula Barra Sarain Barwan Ahat Mali Basen Bausra Bavnapur Bawan Beekapur Behta Dheera Behta Gokul Behta Murtja Bax Behta Sadhai Behti Bhadeicha Bhadeura Bharaon Bharayal Bharigawan Bhaunsari Bhaunta Kamalpur Bheekhpur Bheetha Mahasingh Bhelawau Bhitha Dan Bhithari Bhurdiya Bijgawan Bindhouri Biskula Burdhagaon Dahee Dahigawan Dahti Salukpur Dalelpur Danialgang Daulatpur Deoriya Deviya Fatteypur Dhakia Kala Dhenni Tusaurn Dholiya Dhoviya Dighiya Dularpur Dulhapur Fardapur Fareedapur Fatiyapur Fool Behta Fukha Gadaipur Gadanpur Gangapur Gangauli Gardeurn Garhi Gauradanda Ghosar Gonda Rao Gopamau Gopar Gorda Dhar Govardhanpur Gulamau Gulrhiha Gulriya Gursanda Hans Barauli Hardha Hardoi Sub-District Hariharpur Hariyawan Harri Hathiyai Hunsepur Husenpur Sahora Husiyapur Jagdishpur Jagrauli Jamuniya Japra Jareli Jayrajpur Jigniya Khurd Jio Joora Kaimau Kaimpur Kakrahi Kakumau Kala Aam Kaliyani Kam Rauli Kamolia Karahi Karem Nagar Jalalpur Karim Nagar Saidapur Kashipur Kasmandee Kasrawna Kathethiya Kathigara Katka Kaurha Kauthaliya Keharmau Kesvan Khaju Rahrn Khajur Mai Kharda Khera Kheriya Kherwa Dalauli Kherwa Kamalpur Khetuai Kordwa Korriya Kot Kotra Kuian Kurseli Kutuapur Lalolee Lalpur Lalpur Bhaisari Lalpur Kanhri Lehna Lilwal Lodhi Lokwapur Lonar Madara Madhopur Madrawan Maheen Kund Mahmadapur Mahuaipuri Mahura Kalan Maina Mau Majhiya Majhraeta Mangolapur Manpur Marai Marsa Matua Mavaiya Mayoni Mendua Meuna Maheshpur Modipur Mona Moosepur Mujahidpur Muradpur Murwan Nanhey Narainpur Grant Naya Gaon Deoriya Naya Gaon Habibpur Naya Gawn Muvarkpur Neer Nevada Nevada Nivuai Odra Pachlai Oeranevliya Pachkohra Padri Pahnutera Paidhai Pala Palpur Baragi Khera Paraspur Parauchi Parchal Rasoolpur Patkuawan Peng Peng Pipari Pipona Punniya Pura Bahadur Purori Purwa Deoriya Purwa Hafijudinpur Rahimpur Ramapur Raholiya Raniyamau Rao Bahadur Rara Rawal Saareepur Heeralal Sadhinava Sagrapur Sahijana Sahoriya Bujurg Sahulpur Sainti Saintiapur Sakaha Sakara Sakatpur Sakhin Sandana Sandila Saripur Bramhnan Saripur Chhachheta Sariyan Sarra Sarsaiya Sathra Saunhar Sautera Sekhora Seva Shahbuddinpur Shahpur Binora Shivri Sihona Sikanderpur Sikrohari Singhua Mau Sirsa Sohasa Sonoiya Sursaa Tandauna Tandiyawan Tandor Tans Khera Tatura Teni Teria Teriya Thamarwa Thok Bandho Thok Kaboolpur Thokkhala Tikari Tolwa Antdanpur Tundwal Turteepur Udhranpur Umrapur Umrapur Unouti Utara Victoriya Ganj Vira Himpur
Hardoi is first mentioned during the Muslim rule. In 1028, Bawan was invaded by Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud. However, Muslims didn’t occupy the region until 1217. After long struggle Sayyad Shakir established first Muslim site at GOPAMAU. Many battles between the Mogul and Afghan empires took place in Hardoi district due to the situation of the district. Humayun was defeated by Sher Shah Suri between the cities of Bilgram and Sandi, and he escaped by crossing the river Ganges with the help of a bhisti to whom he had made the king for one day after regaining the throne.
The Sadaat Bilgram are a group of Sayyid families who inhabit the historic town of Bilgram in Hardoi District. Saadat-e-Bilgram literally means the Sayyid of the town of Bilgram. These Hussaini Sayyids first migrated from Wasit, Iraq in the 13th century. Their ancestor, Syed Mohammad Sughra, a Zaidi Sayyid of Iraq arrived in India during the rule of Sultan Iltutmish.
In 1217-18 the family conquered and settled in Bilgram. The Sayyid commanded a Muslim army that overcame the Bhars, who were the traditional rulers of the Hardoi region, and was granted an estate centred on the town of Bilgram, where the Sayyid settled down. died in 1247, his tomb was constructed by Syed Mohammad Muhsin son of Syed Mohammad Said in 1738-39.
Later, in February 1856, Hardoi, as a part of Oudh, became part of the British territory after Lord Dalhousie's proclamation. The headquarters of the district were at first Mallawan, but then became Hardoi after the Sepoy Mutiny.
- Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud
- Essays in Arabic Literary Biography: 1350 - 1850, Roger M. A. Allen, Joseph Edmund Lowry, Terri DeYoung, Devin J. Stewart, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, 30-Dec-2009
- Islam in South Asia in Practice, Barbara D. Metcalf, Princeton University Press, 08-Sep-2009
- Indian Archaeology, a Review, Archaeological Survey of India., 1979
Back to Uttar Pradesh