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Map of Aligarh district

Aligarh (अलीगढ़) is a city and District in Uttar Pradesh.


  • Harigarh - Some historians are of the view that its original name is Harigarh and its name was changed as Aligarh during Mughal Empire.
  • Ramgarh was named by the Jat ruler in 1757.
  • Koil (कोल)/(कोइल) AS, p.237)
  • Asi (आसी) अलीगढ़ का पुराना नाम (AS, p.72)
  • Aligarh अलीगढ़ (AS, p.43)
  • Urdu: علی گڑھ


The city is located about 90 miles south-east of New Delhi. It is the administrative headquarters of Aligarh District, and has a population of half a million. It is mostly known as a university town where the famous Aligarh Muslim University is located.

Tahsils in Aligarh district


Ram Sarup Joon[1] writes that ....Samudra Gupta conquered the whole of Punjab and a major part of India. The clans defeated by him included

Its earliest name was Kol. Till the advent of 18th century Aligarh was known as Kol.

After the British occupation of Aligarh in September 1803, the present Aligarh district was formed in 1804 [2].

Akbar and Jahangir visited Kol on hunting expeditions. Jahangir clearly mentions the forest of Kol, where he killed wolves. From the study of the place-names of the district, it appears that the district was once fairly well covered by forest, thickets and grooves. The early history of the district, indeed down to the 12th century AD is obscure[2].

Kol or Koil, was the earliest name of the city and Aligarh was the name of the fort nearby[3]. Kol covered not only the city but the entire district, though its geographical limits kept changing from time to time. The historians consider the origin of the name of Kol as obscure. In some ancient texts, Kol has been referred to in the sense of a tribe or Caste, name of a place or mountain and name of a sage or demon. According to Jat historian Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kol (कोल) is a gotra of Jats and these people are descendants of Kapil rishi. [4]

During the times of Ibrahim Lodhi, when Muhammad, son of Umar was the governor of Kol, he built a fort and named the city after his own name as Muhammadgarh in 1524-25; and Sabit khan who was the governor of this region during the time of Farrukh Siyar and Muhammad Shah, rebuilt the fort and named the town after his own name Sabitgarh. After the occupation of Kol by the Jats in 1755, it was re-named Ramgarh and finally, when a Shia commander, Mirza Najaf Khan, captures Kol, he gave it its present name of Aligarh. Aligarh Fort (also called Aligarh Qila), as it stands today, was built by French engineers under the control of French officers Benoît de Boigne and Perron [2].

Jat villages in Aligarh district

1. Gauraula

2. Gharbara - (Kr. Sudhir Singh Attri(09541298486), Kuldeep Singh Attri, Ravi Kumar Attri)

3. Usrah

4. Malab

5. Jikarpur

6. Jattari

7. Syarol

8. Hamidpur

9. Manchad

10. Khaida Sattu -

11. Ghangoli(1OKm from Jattari,Tapal)

12. Sapera

13. Bhareri


विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[5] ने लेख किया है ...अलीगढ़ (AS, p.43) प्राचीन नाम कोइल या कोल भी कहलाता है। अलीगढ़ शहर, उत्तरी भारत के उत्तर-मध्य उत्तर प्रदेश राज्य में है। यह दिल्ली के दक्षिण-पूर्व में स्थित है। इसके पास ही अलीगढ़ नाम का एक क़िला है। कोल नाम की तहसील अब भी अलीगढ़ ज़िले में है। अलीगढ़ नाम 'नजफ़ खाँ' का दिया हुआ है। 1717 ई. में 'साबित खाँ' ने इसका नाम 'साबितगढ़' और 1757 में जाटों ने रामगढ़ रखा था। उत्तर मुग़ल काल में यहाँ सिंधिया का कब्ज़ा था। उसके फ़्रांसीसी सेनापति पेरन का क़िला आज भी खण्डहरों के रूप में नगर से तीन मील दूर है। इसे 1802 ई. में लॉर्ड लेक ने जीता था। यह क़िला पहले रामगढ़ कहलाता था


विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[6] ने लेख किया है ...कोल (AS, p.237) अलीगढ़, उत्तर प्रदेश के स्थान पर बसा हुआ एक प्राचीन नगर था। कोल नाम की तहसील अब भी अलीगढ़ ज़िले में है। संभवत: यह नगर वराह (कोल) भगवान की उपासना का केन्द्र था, जैसा कि यहाँ के बाराही के प्राचीन मंदिर से भी प्रमाणित होता है। एक किवदंती यह भी है कि इस स्थान पर बलराम ने कोल नामक राक्षस को मारा था। अलीगढ़ का प्राचीन नाम 'कोइल' भी बताया जाता है।

Jat Gotras in Aligarh district

See: List of Jat Gotras in Aligarh district

Notable persons

  • Thakur Jhamman Singh - Advocate , Thakur Jhamman Singh who had been chairman of the Jat Sabha for many years. Editor Jat-Veer.


  1. History of the Jats/Chapter IV ,p. 58
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 History of Aligarh
  3. Britannica
  4. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p. 231
  5. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.43
  6. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.237

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