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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Nagasena (नागसेन) (340-344 AD) was Mathura ruler of Nava Naga Dynasty (Bharsiva). He was one of the kings of Aryavarta defeated by Samudragupta (335 - 380 AD).

Nāgasena was a Buddhist sage who lived about 150 BCE.

Variants of name

Jat clans


Tej Ram Sharma[1] writes about 2. Nagasena ( Allahabad pillar inscription of Samudragupta, L. 13, 21) :

The first part of the name is Naga and the second is sena. Nagasena of the L. 13 and L. 21 looks to be the same.[2] According to L. 21 he was one of the kings of Aryavarta uprooted by Samudragupta. In L. 13 he is mentioned as having been defeated by Samudragupta by the valour of his arms. He seems to have been an important king.[3]

Tej Ram Sharma[4] writes that In view of the context of the victory over Kota-kulaja along with the Naga kings Achyuta and Nagasena and with the support of numismatic evidence it may be said that the kotas lived somewhere between East Punjab and Delhi.

Legend says that the Emerald Buddha was created in Patna (then Pataliputra) by Nagasena in 43 BCE.[5]

Names of Nava-Nagas

Nava Nagas : Names of Nava-Nagas who ruled at Padmavati, Kantipuri and Mathura (140 AD - 344 AD) are as under:[6]

In Buddhist texts

Nāgasena was a Buddhist sage who lived about 150 BCE. His answers to questions about Buddhism posed by Menander I (Pali: Milinda), the Indo-Greek king of northwestern India, are recorded in the Milinda Pañha. Sanskrit in origin, Nāga means king cobra, snake, serpent, or dragon, and also can refer to snake-human hybrids, an ancient super-race who were the mythological founders of many Asian countries. Sena means army. Therefore the name can be translated as "Army of Nāga" or "Host of Dragons", signifying a very powerful supernatural presence

External links


  1. Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions/Names of Feudatory Kings and High Officers,p.39
  2. Cf.No. l, L. 13 : बाहु-वीर्य्य-राभसादेकेन येन क्षणादुन्मूल्याच्युत-नागसेन-गणपत्या दीन्नृपान्संगरे ।
  3. No. l, L. 21 :रुद्रदेव-मतिल-नागदत्त-चन्द्रवर्म्म-गणपतिनाग- नागसेनाच्युतनंदि-बल-वर्म्माद्यनेकार्यावर्त राज-प्रसभोद्धरणोदवृत प्रभावमहतः । Cf. note 15
  4. Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions/Tribes,p.136
  5. Fyfe, Ryan. "The Emerald Buddha"
  6. Dr Naval Viyogi: "Nagas, the Ancient Rulers of India, their Origin and History", Chapter. pp.333, 407

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