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Saranh (सरान्ह)[1] [2][3] Saranha (सरान्हा)[4] Saramgha (सरांघ)/(सराम्घ)[5] Sarangh (सरांघ)[6] Sarangha (सरांघ) is a gotra of Jats.



Utar are mentioned by Herodotus as Utians, along with the Sarangians (Saramgha) and the Pactyans.[7]

B S Dahiya[8] writes:In an inscription found in Kashmir, relating to the seventh century A.D. there is a reference to a minister named Makar Singh, who is called a Saranha. He is stated to have constructed a city in Kashmir. In this reference we have the earliest known mention of this Jat clan. Perhaps they are the Sarangians of Herodotus who had the same areas as the Mandas in the battle of Thermopylae. [9]

B S Dahiya writes that the Satapatha Brahmana mentions them under the name of Sringaya as well as Srinjaya the former being more correct [10] Interestingly, a person named Sulpan Saranjya is mentioned to have changed his name into Sahadeva Saranjya after a sacrifice. The form, Sringaya, is the same as Sarangha; and the Avestan Zrayanh is the same as Saranha. [11] Satapatha Brahmana also mentions a kingdom of Sringayas which lasted for 10 generations when it was overthrown, to be reestablished by Chakra Sathapati, a minister of Saramgha king, Dusntaritu in spite of opposition from Pratipiya, king of Balkah. A king of the Sarangaya’s named Daivata, became victorious over the Turvashas and Vrichivantas. [12] Somaka was the son of Sahadeva, alias, Suplan and sages Narada and Parvata consecrated him on the throne. [13] Rig Veda speaks of a Prastoka Sringya and his charity. Atharva Veda says that they annoyed the Bhrigus and therefore came to trouble, perhaps referring to the dethronements of Dusntaritu, mentioned above, But it was a temporary decline and was soon mended by recapturing the kingdom. [14] [15]

Bhim Singh Dahiya identifies this gotra with the Rigvedic tribe -Sarangya : A king, Daivavata, of this tribe, is named in RV l/27/7,4/15/4,7. Also the charity of Prastoka Sringya is mentioned in Rigveda. They are to be identified with the Sarangh clan of the Jats, and also with the Sarangai of the Greek authors and Sarank/Zarank of Iranian history.

अयं यः सर्ञ्जये पुरो दैववाते समिध्यते |
दयुमां अमित्रदम्भनः || (RV 4/15/4)

Bhim Singh Dahiya[16] provides us following Clan Identification Chart

Sl West Asian/Iranian Greek Chinese Central Asian Indian Present name
1 2 3 4 5 6
136. Sarenaka Sarangai - Sarai Saramgha/Sarangya Sarangha/Saranha



Notable persons


  1. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.243, s.n.211
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-176
  3. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India, p.243,,s.n. 211.
  4. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.61,s.n. 2383
  5. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India, p.243,,s.n. 211.
  6. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-176
  7. Book VII , ch. 68 (Pakhtoons)
  8. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India,p. 270
  9. VII, 67
  10. XII, 9,3,8,2,3,13
  11. Hindi (Translation of) Vedic Index of Macdonell & Keith by R.K.Rai , Vol II. P. 519/520
  12. Rig Veda, 6/27/7
  13. Aitreya Brahmana 7/34/9
  14. Hindi (Translation of) Vedic Index of Macdonell & Keith by R.K.Rai, Vol, II, p. 519-20
  15. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study), p. 290
  16. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix II,p.327

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