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Bisu (बिसु)/(बिसू)[1] Bissu (बिस्सु) Vissu (विस्सु) Vishu (विशु) Bishu (बिशु) is gotra found in Rajasthan. Bisudi clan is found in Afghanistan.[2]


They are said to be originated from Rigvedic Tribe Visanins (विषाणिन).


Bhim Singh Dahiya mentions some Rigvedic tribes. Vissu is mentioned as Visanin (विषाणिन)[3]. They are the Vissu of today and they live in the area where river Sarasvati (Ghaggar) was lost in the Thar desert.

H. W. Bellew writes that Pissuroi by Strabo, I recognise in the existing Besudi or Bisudi.[4]

Bisudi — the Pissuroi of Strabo, before noticed — inhabit the Bisud district west of Pughman range from Kabul to Bamian, and are reckoned at about forty thousand families, all Shia' in religion. They are in numerous subdivisions, the chief being : — Babali, Burjagae, Daulatpa, Dihkan, Darghan, Darvesh, Jhalak, Jangzae, Sargae, Sokpa, etc.

There is another district called Bisud in the Jalalabad valley, between the junction of the Kunar and Kabul rivers ; but no Hazarah are now found there. [5]

Bisudi claim descent from the brothers Satuk Kamar and Satuk Sokpa. Of these names, Satuk is a Turki title of respect, equivalent to our " Mister", and corresponds with the Persian Khwajah, which means "gentleman," " merchant," etc. Kamar is the name of a Skythian tribe, which is not uncommon in Afghanistan, and appears to have been early incorporated with the Rajput of Saurashtra, where it was afterwards changed to Jetwa, according to Tod. [6]

Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria)[7] writes.... O.P. Bhardwaj locates two more tribes named Mujavats (Munjavats) and Mahavrisas, the former occupying 'the lower part of the narrowing doab of the Rigvedic rivers Saraswati & Drsadvati extending down to their confluence, and the latter lying beyond Vinasana', the place where Saraswati is said to have disappeared (Bhardwaj, 1986, pp. 203-66). The Munjavats, according to him, derived their name from 'munja' (Saccarum munja), a kind of grass which grew in abundance in that region. The Mahavrsas are probably represented by the tribe of the Visanins. Almost all the earlier writers located these people in the lands of the Gandhara & Balhikas in the north. Mr. Bhardwaj, in our opinion, is the first scholar who successfully discounted their findings and correctly placed the two tribes.

Villages founded by Bisu clan

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Sikar district

Bithathu (?) Mailasi (15), Puran Bari,

Villages in Barmer district

Bisoo Kalan, Bisoo Khurd,

Locations in Jaipur city

Tonk Road,

Villages in Nagaur district

Bachhwas, Gogolao, Indokha Makrana ,

Villages in Pali district

Sojat Road, Sehwaj,

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Gugan Ki Dhani (8), Khedar Ki Dhani,

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Hanumangarh, Jorawarpura Hanumangarh, Kular, Maujgarh, Morjand, Nukera, Pacca Saharana, Ratanpura Sadulshahar, Shergarh, Sangaria,

Villages in Churu district

Chhapar Churu (2), Girwarsar, Lachhadsar, Malsisar Sujangarh, Paharsar (15), Sahwa, Sujangarh (7),

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Sirsa district

Godekan (गोदेकां), Kaluana, Kelnian, Teja Khera,


Notable persons

  • Atma Ram Dadupanthi (Bissu) - From Gogelao (Nagaur), Social worker and renowned Vaidya. [8]
  • Lal Chand Bisu - First Entrepreneur of IIT Jodhpur. Son of Rameshwar Lal and Sushila Devi from Village Bithathu (बिठाठू) in Laxmangarh. He passed VIII th class with ordinary numbers but was under pressure to get married so got 87% in 10th class to get scholarship. He was Selected in IIT 2008 with Electrical Engineer Branch. He has developed a website with least expenditure which guides youth in selecting proper career. [9]
  • जसूराम बिशु, गणेशराम बिशु नि. मलसीसर::स्वतंत्रता सेनानी, प्रजा परिषद् की गतिविधियों में सक्रीय भाग लिया.[10]

External links


  1. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.52, s.n. 1776
  2. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan,H. W. Bellew, p.36
  3. आ पक्थासो भलानसो भनन्तालिनासो विषाणिनः शिवासः |आ यो.अनयत सधमा आर्यस्य गव्या तर्त्सुभ्यो अजगन युधा नर्न || RV VII/18/7
  4. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan,H. W. Bellew, p.36
  5. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan,H. W. Bellew, p.46
  6. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.47
  7. The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/The migrations of the Jats to the North-Western countries,pp.222-223
  8. Thakur Deshraj:Jat Jan Sewak, 1949, p.206-207
  9. Dainik Bhaskar, Jodhpur, 17 April 2013
  10. भीमसिंह आर्य:जुल्म की कहानी किसान की जबानी (2006),p.40
  11. Pitha Ram Guleria, Sujangarh Jat Samaj Nirdeshika, 2015, p.78

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