Garha Mandla

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Garha Mandla (गढ़मंडला) was northern part of Gondwana state in Madhya Pradesh.



The Garha-Mandla kingdom was earlier a small territory which witnessed rapid expansion under the rule of Sangram Shah, the 48th king. He captured territories like Narmada Valley, Bhopal, Sagar, Damoh and most of the Satpura hills. However the Garha-Mandla kings' rule ended when Asaf Khan I, the Mughal Viceroy, invaded the kingdom in 1564. The Gond Queen Rani Durgavati is said to have fought bravely against King Akbar to save her kingdom; The Mughals acquired immense booty, including thousands of elephants from this victory. At the beginning of the year 1742 the Peshwas invaded Mandla and extracted chauth (tribute) from the region. Finally, with the end of Rajgond dynasty, Garha-Mandla was annexed to the Maratha government in the year 1781.

The greatest ruler was Sangram Shah. He was 48th ruler of Garha Kingdom who had conquered 52 forts called Garh to strengthen and spread the Gond Empire. The Chouragarh Fort in Narsinghpur was built on the honour of conquering 52 forts. Sangram Shah is best known as a patron of arts and literature and he had great knowledge of Sanskrit. Rasratnamala was written by Sangram Shah. At the time of Sangram Shah the capital of Garha kingdom was Singhorgarh.

His son Dalpat Shah was married to Rani Durgawati[1] who was a Chandel princess. Rani Durgavati moved her capital to Chouragarh because it was safer than Singhorgarh. Rani Durgawati is the known for the bravery and sacrifice for her country. She battled against Mughal Empire of Akbar lead by Asaf khan.

Hridayshah was the music lover. He was 54th ruler of Garha Kingdom. He gave his contributions for music. Hriday koutuk and Hriday prakash were written by him. He moved his capital from Chouragarh to Ramnagar of Mandla district.

Shankar Shah and Raghunath Shah were freedom fighters who revolted against the British in the Indian Rebellion of 1857.


Administration of Gondwana was becoming centralised. The kingdom was divided into garh , each garh was controlled by particular gond clan. This was further divided into units of 84 villages called chourasi. The chourasi was further subdivided into barhots which are made up of 12 villages each.

Gadhamandala Forts

Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur provides information about following Gadhamandala Forts:

  1. Badi बाड़ी, जिला Raisen रायसेन, म.प्र., (AS, p.620
  2. Bargi Jabalpur बरगी, जिला जबलपुर, म.प्र. (AS, p.608)
  3. Bhanwargarh Narsinghpur भंवरगढ़, जिला नरसिंहपुर, म.प्र., (AS, p.652)
  4. Chaukigarh (AS, p.346)
  5. Chauragarh
  6. Chaurai (AS, p.347)
  7. Dongartal (डोंगरताल) (जिला नागपुर, महा.) (AS, p.382)
  8. Gadha (AS, p.277)
  9. Gadhakota
  10. Garh Pahra
  11. Ganaur Bhopal
  12. Ghansaur
  13. Gourjhamar
  14. Kannauja
  15. Khimlasa
  16. Marugarha मारूगढ़, जिला मंडला, म.प्र., (AS, p.737)
  17. Nimuvangarh निमुवां गढ़, जिला नरसिंहपुर, म.प्र., (AS, p.500)
  18. Pachelgarh (AS, p.520)
  19. Patanagadha पाटनगढ़, जिला जबलपुर, म.प्र., (AS, p.541)

Being Expanded

List of 52 Forts of Gondwana

External links