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Location of Koliya in Nagaur District

Koliya or Kolia (कोलिया) is a village in Didwana tahsil in Nagaur district in Rajasthan. Its ancient name was Koyalpatan (कोयलपाटन).


Koliya was capital of Kulhar clan of Jats during 11 - 12th centuries.


Jat Gotras


According to Census-2011 information:

With total 1157 families residing, Koliya village has the population of 6488 (of which 3347 are males while 3141 are females).[1]


Kulhari jats ruled in Marwar area in 11th to 12th century. It is a branch of Johiya Jats. Bahipal was their king and Kot-Marot was their capital. There was a fort also at Kot-Marot. Bahipal had a war with the subedar of Hisar in which he lost his kingdom.

Bahipal moved to Kathod and established a new kingdom there. Kathod is about 22 km from Ajmer. The descendants of Bahipal constructed a fort at Koliya. The Raja of Koyal pattan arrested the Kulahari jats. Myth is that their Kuldevi Pada got them released. After that the Kulhari Jats made Didwana as their capital. They established at Didwana statues of Bahipal and the Kuldevi Pada.

One group of these people went to Sangaliya and from there, to Bosana, Chudi and Sangasi. Shekhawat Rajputs annexed their state. Rathore Rajputs annexed the Didwana area.

Kuninda and Koliya

Sandhya Jain[2] includes Kunindas (कुणिन्द), in the Mahabharata tribes listed on Pandava Side, who were a widely spread tribe in the Terai region of Haridwar (III.141.25). They were possibly of Kirata stock. Also known as Kulinda (from the river Kalindi), their coins have been found near the source of the Yamuna-Ganga. Dwelled north of the Yamuna from Dehradun to Jagadhri. They were the first tribe to be subjugated by Arjuna when he moved northwards from Khandavaprastha (II.23.13 ). Sided with the Pandavas in the war and attacked the Kauravas with a formidable army of elephants (VIII.62.33ff).

The Salvas were a branch of the Madras and were ruling at Sialkot. These Madras had a branch named Kuninda, who were related to Koliya Naga. We know that the Madras were Vahikas and Jartas. Since according to grammatical illustration of Chandra-gomin, the Jarta defeated the Huns, which means Skanda Gupta defeated the Huns. Hence Guptas were Jartas or Jat. [3]

कोलिया का इतिहास

बलहारा: मारवाड़ में बलहारा जाटों का भी एक समय बड़ा राज्य था. बाकी, बिलाड़ा, बालोतरा उन्हीं राज्यों के प्रसिद्ध नगर थे. डीडवाना परगने के मौलासर पर भी उन्हीं की सत्ता थी. बाद में बलहारों ने मौलासर के पास रिणवा जाटों के राज्य कोयलपाटन (कौलिया) पर कब्जा कर लिया. उस दौरान कोयलपाटन में रिनवा और बलहारों में लड़ाई हुई थी, जिनमें कई रिणवा मारे गए थे. यहाँ कई रिणवा सतियों की मूर्तियाँ मौजूद हैं. इस इलाके पर आज से चार सौ वर्ष पहले तक बलहारे जाट अपना प्रभुत्व रखते थे. जिन दिनों दौलतखां नागौर का सूबेदार था, उस समय बुलाजी बलहारा इस इलाके के 57 गाँवों का सरदार थ. झाडोद पट्टी उसके हाथ में थी और वह मौलासर में रहता था. उसने गौचर भूमि के लिए एक बड़ी बीड छोड़ी थी और तीन हजार बीघा भूमि उसने अपने चारण को दान में दी थी जो आज भी उस चारण के वंशजों के अधिकार में है. (डॉ पेमा राम, राजस्थान के जाटों का इतिहास पृ.21-22)

Notable persons

  • Srikishan Pandit of Kolia - Took part in farmer's movement for the abolition of Jagirs in Marwar.
  • Suresh Jewlia - From village Koliya, Martyr, Kirti Chakra Awardee.

External links


  1. Web-page of Koliya village at Census-2011 website
  2. Sandhya Jain: Adi Deo Arya Devata - A Panoramic View of Tribal-Hindu Cultural Interface, Rupa & Co, 7/16, Ansari Road Daryaganj, New Delhi, 2004 ,p.116, s.n.5.
  3. K.P. Jayaswal's book, History of India, PP 115-16

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