From Jatland Wiki
(Redirected from Mattamyuraka)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Mattamayura (मत्तमयूर), meaning the dancing peacock, was a Mahabharata Tribe. The peacock was the seal of Yaudhey people and this sign also used to be printed on their flags. This term has also been used in Mahabharata. So, in simple terms, Mattamayura signifies the Yaudheya tribe. Mattamayura is merely another name for the Yaudheyas. [1]


Jat History

Yaudheyas are identified with the Jats clan Joiyas or Johiya[2] of Bahawalpur and Multan Divisions (Pakistan) and Bikaner, Rajasthan (India). Yaudheyas were the rulers of South-Eastern Punjab and Rajasthan. Even today these areas are inhabited by the Johiyas.

Alexander had heard about a very powerful people beyond the river Beas. Arrian describes them as gallant fighters, good agriculturists and having constitutional government. [Ibid.] Though they have not been specifically named, there is little doubt in their being Yaudheyas. [3], [4] It is said in the Adi Parva of Mahabharata that Yaudheya was son of Yudhishthira by his Shivi wife. [5] They find mention in the Sabhaparva of the Mahabharata under different name-Mattamayura. It is said that starting from Khandavapratha Nakul marched towards west and reached Rohitika-beautiful, prosperous and rich in cattle and horses and dear to Kartikeya. He also captured Marubhumi and Bahudhanya. Because these three places had been the chief centres of Yaudheyas and also because Kartikeya finds depiction on the Yaudheya coins, Mattamayura is merely another name for the Yaudheyas. This ancient name is preserved in Jat gotra as Mori, Maur, Mor. [6]

It appears that the political power of the Yaudheyas was eclipsed under the Mauryas. But after their decline the Yaudheyas again became politically dominant and had their heydays up to the rise of the Guptas. [7][8]

During the glorious period of the Yaudheyas their neighbours in Rajasthan were Malavas (Jaipur, Tonk, Ajmer), Shivis (Chittor), Matsya (Alwar) and Maukharis (Kota). The Yaudheyas probably formed a confederacy with these and others and, as Atlekar suggests, gave a final blow to the tottering Kushan Kingdom.[9] The Yaudheya chiefs who bore the titles Maharaja Senapati appear to have been chosen for this purpose by Yaudheya gana. During this period they might have developed some contacts with the Vakatakas, Bharashivas and other Naga families, under the subjugation of the Guptas, they must have developed closure toes with the Guptas. It is probably during these centuries that they absorbed some elements of their neighbours. The Jat Gotra names Malava, Mokhar, Makhar, Machchar, Bharshiv, Nag, Dharan may be understood against this back ground. [10]

In Mahabharata

Mattamayuraka (मत्तमयूरक) in Mahabharata (II.29.5)

Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 29 mentions the Countries subjugated by Nakula in West. Mattamyuraka (मत्तमयूरक) is mentioned in Mahabharata (II.29.5).[11]....And the hero (Nakula) first assailed the mountainous country called Rohitaka (Rohtak) that was dear unto (the celestial generalissimo) Kartikeya and which was delightful and prosperous and full of kine and every kind of wealth and produce. And the encounter the son of Pandu had with the Mattamayurakas of that country was fierce. And the illustrious Nakula after this, subjugated the whole of the desert country (Marubhumi)....

मरुभू = मरुभूमि

मरुभू = मरुभूमि AS, p.713): राजस्थान का मरूप्रदेश या मारवाड़. महाभारत सभा पर्व 32,5 में मरुभूमि के नकुल द्वारा जीते जाने का वर्णन है--'यत्रं युद्धं महच्चासीच्छूरैर मत्तमयूरकैः, मरुभूमिं च कार्त्स्न्येन तदैव बहु धान्यकम्'. (II.29.5) विष्णु पुराण, 4,24,68 से सूचित होता है कि गुप्तकाल से कुछ पूर्व है मरुभू (=मरुभूमि) पर आभीर आदि जातियों का प्रभुत्व था--'नर्मदा मरुभूविषयांश्च आभीरशूद्राद्या भोक्ष्यन्ति'. [12]


विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[13] ने लेख किया है .....बहुधान्यक (AS, p.615) नामक स्थान का वर्णन महाभारत, सभापर्व 32, 4 में हुआ है। इस वर्णन में इस स्थान उल्लेख 'रोहीतक' (वर्तमान रोहतक) के साथ है। श्री वासुदेवशरण अग्रवाल के अनुसार प्राचीन काल में बहुधान्यक पर यौधेयगण का राज्य था। इनके सिक्के रोहतक के निकट के खोकराकोट नामक स्थान पर मिले हैं। कुछ विद्वानों ने अपने मत में बहुधान्यक को वर्तमान लुधियाना (पंजाब) माना है। यह भी संभव है कि लुधियाना बहुधान्यक का ही अप्रभंश हो।

हरयाणा प्रान्त का प्राचीन काल में एक नाम बहुधान्यक भी था । यह नाम बहुत प्राचीन काल से चला आ रहा है और पृथ्वीराज पर्यन्त इस प्रदेश का नाम बहुधान्यक चलता रहा है । सभापर्व में नकुल की पश्चिम दिशा की विजय में इस प्रदेश की राजधानी रोहितक का वर्णन है । उसमें इस प्रकार लिखा है -

ततो बहुधनं रम्यं गवाढ्यं धनधान्यवत् ।
कार्तिकेयस्य दयितं रोहितकमुपाद्रवत् ॥
तत्र युद्धं महच्चासीत् शूरैर्मत्तमयूरकैः
मरुभूमिं च कार्त्स्न्येन तथैव बहुधान्यकम् ॥
(महा० सभापर्व अ० ३२)[14]

See also

Veerbhoomi Haryana

Writer of this page

Dayanand Deswal


  1. Maheswari Prasad, “Jats in Ancient India”:The Jats, Ed. Dr Vir Singh, Vol.I, p. 23
  2. Cunningham , A. Coins of Ancient India, London, 1891,pp. 75-76
  3. Brahma Purana, Ch. 13
  4. Harivansha, Ch. 32
  5. Mahabharata ch. 95, 76
  6. Maheswari Prasad, “Jats in Ancient India”:The Jats, Ed. Dr Vir Singh, Vol.I, p. 23
  7. Maheswari Prasad, “Jats in Ancient India”:The Jats, Ed. Dr Vir Singh, Vol.I, p. 23
  8. History of the Jats, Pages 108-110
  9. A.S. Atlekar and R.C. Majumdar, The Vakataka Gupta Age, p.27
  10. Maheswari Prasad, “Jats in Ancient India”:The Jats, Ed. Dr Vir Singh, Vol.I, p. 25
  11. 5 तत्र युद्धं महद वृत्तं शूरैर मत्तमयूरकैः, मरु भूमिं च कार्त्स्न्येन तदैव बहु धान्यकम (II.29.5)
  12. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.713
  13. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.615
  14. Veerbhoomi Haryana/हरयाणा के प्राचीन नाम व स्थान (page 121)

Writer of this page

Dayanand Deswal