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Nakula (नकुल) was one of the five Pandava brothers. Nakula and Sahadeva were twins born to Madri. Nakula literally means 'most handsome in the lineage'.


Due to Pandu's inability to bear children, because of the curse of Rishi Kindama, Kunti had to use the boon given by Sage Durvasa to give birth to her three children. She shared the boon with Pandu's second wife, Madri, who invoked the Ashwini Kumaras to beget Nakula and Sahadeva.

Mention by Panini

Nakula (नकुल) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [1]

Madri became Sati

Later Pandu lost his life when he attempted an intercourse with his wife, Madri. The latter also immolated herself in her husband's pyre, so Nakula and Sahadeva lost both their parents at an early age. Later Kunti and the five Pandavas moved to Hastinapura.

Marriage of Nakula

All five Pandava brothers were wed concurrently to Draupadi, and each had a son by her. Nakula's son with Draupadi was Satanika. Nakula also married Karenumati, the daughter of the Chedi Kingdom, who bore him a son, Niramitra.

Nakula's conquests

Nakula set out from Khandavaprastha for the west. Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 29 mentions that Yudhisthira after crowning as the emperor of Indraprastha sent Nakula to west to subjugate kingdoms for the Rajasuya sacrifice. He, with a huge army set forth to the kingdom once dominated by Vasudeva. He first attacked the prosperous mountainous country of Rohitaka. It is said that Nakula needed ten-thousand camels to bring the entire wealth to Indraprastha.

Nakula subjugated the following countries: Rohitaka (रॊहीतक), Mattamyurakas (मत्तमयूरक), Sairishaka (शैरीषक), Mahetta (महेच्छ), Akrosa (?), Dasarnas (?), Shibis (शिबी), Trigartas (त्रिगर्त), Ambashtas (अम्बष्ठ), Malavas (मालव), Panchakarpata (पञ्च कर्पट) five tribes of the Karnatas ?, Madhyamakeyas (मध्यमिकाय), Vatadhanas (वाटधान), Utsava Sanketas (उत्सव संकेत), Gramaniya (गरामणेय), Shudras (शूद्रा), Abhiras (अभीर), Amaraparvata (अमरपर्वत), Uttarajyotika (उत्तरज्यॊतिक), Divyakata (दिव्यकट पुरम्) = Vrindataka city (वृण्डाटक पुरम्) Dwarapala (द्वारपाल), Ramathas (रमठ), Harahunas (हारहूण), Pratichya (प्रतीच्य) Sakala (Madra city) (शाकल), Mlechchas (मलेच्छ), Palhavas (पह्लवा), Barbara (बर्बर), Kiratas (), Yavanas (), Sakas ().

Nakula during Exile

Yudhisthira's loss in the game of dice meant that all Pandavas had to live in exile for 13 years. Once in exile, Jatasura, disguised as a Brahmin, kidnapped Nakula along with Draupadi, Sahadeva and Yudhisthira. Bhima rescued them eventually, and in the fight that ensued, Nakula killed Kshemankara, Mahamaha and Suratha. In the 13th year, Nakula disguised himself as an ostler and assumed the name of Granthika (within themselves Pandavas called him Jayasena) at the Kingdom of Virata. He worked as a horse-trainer who looked after horses in the royal stable.

चेदि जनपद से संबंध

चेदि जनपद बुन्देलखण्ड में था। चेदि जाट गोत्र भी है। उस समय वहां पर चन्द्रवंशी शिशुपाल राज्य करता था। ययातिपुत्र यदु के पुत्र करोक्षत्री की परम्परा में शूरसेन राजा हुआ। उसकी पुत्री क्षत्रश्रवा का विवाह चेदिराज दमघोष से हुआ जिनसे शिशुपाल हुआ। नकुल ने चेदि नरेश की पुत्री करेणुमती से विवाह किया। जिनसे पुत्र निरमित्र हुआ। (देखो चन्द्रवंशीय वंशावली)। श्रीकृष्ण जी ने शिशुपाल को मार दिया था। उसका पुत्र चेदिराज धृष्टकेतु पाण्डवों की तरफ होकर महाभारत युद्ध में लड़ा था।[2]


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