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Budh Ram Dudi

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लेखक:लक्ष्मण बुरड़क, IFS (Retd.), Jaipur
Budh Ram Dudi.jpg

Budh Ram Dudi (चौधरी बुधराम डूडी) was a freedom fighter and reformer in Rajasthan. He was born in the family of a Dudi Jats of village Sitsar, tahsil Ratangarh, district Churu in Rajasthan. He was an instrument in getting started the educational Institutes at Khichiwala and Ratangarh.

Efforts to impart education

Chaudhari Rupram Maan and Swami Chetnanand started the education program of Jat farmers in rural areas of Ratangarh tehsil by opening private schools. They appointed Swami Nityanand and Chaudhari Chandgi Ram for this purpose. Swami Chetnanand was born in the family of a Dhaka Jat farmer and could feel the effect of oppression by Jagirdars. These people remained under ground and collected money to start the private education of Jat boys. Chaudhari Budh Ram Katewa of Bharatia ki Dhani, Ratangarh, Chaudhari Budh Ram Dudi village Sitsar and Chaudhari Surta Ram Sewda, Ratangarh helped a lot in this campaign. Chaudhari Surta Ram Sewda gave his own land for starting a school and Chaudhari Budh Ram Dudi got made a shade on this land to start a school.

At that time there were about 40-50 Jat boys getting education in Ratangarh town who were mainly from Sihag, Dudi, and Tetarwal Jats of Ratangarh town and rest were from nearby villages like Sangasar, Loonchh, Loha, Chhabri, Kadia, Tidiyasar, Thathawata etc. Most of these boys were from poor families and could not afford education on their own. The only means of funding the private education was through collection of contribution (chanda) or subscription from the farmers. Jats of Ratangarh and Churu either could not afford or did not give subscription out of fear of the Jagirdars. But the Jats of Ganganagar district were well off and they were not much effected by Jagirdars. They gave handsome amounts for education.

Chaudhari Hari Ram Dhaka went to Sangariya to get financial help from Swami Keshwanand. Swami Keshwanand appointed him the Manager of Industries Department of Jat High School Sangariya. Megh Singh Sewda also joined this school. Chaudhari Hari Ram Dhaka collected about Rs. 2000/- from the teachers of Jat High School and called Chaudhari Rupram Maan, Vidyarthi Bhawan Ratangarh, to hand over this amount. He then sent Chaudhari Rupram Maan to Advocate Harishchandra Nain at Ganganagar. There was a good subscription at Ganganagar and with this financial assistance Chaudhari Rupram Maan and Swami Chetnanand organized a grand sabha of farmers at Ratangarh in Podaron ka Nohra. Swami Keshwanand and Chaudhari Hari Ram Dhaka also joined this sabha. A number of decisions were taken in this sabha about awakening of the farmers of this area. As decided in this sabha Swami Keshwanand sent Chaudhari Hari Ram Dhaka to Ratangarh to enhance the movement of education and freedom.

Kisan Sabha at Loha

Hari Ram Dhaka and Megh Singh Sewda went from village to village in Churu district and gave momentum to this movement. Tiku Ram Budania of Loha, Budh Ram Dudi of Sitsar, Rupram Maan and Hari Ram Dhaka of Norangsar organized a meeting at village Loha in Ratangarh tehsil on 10 October 1946.

The urban people also came in their support. Mohan Lal Saraswat and Rameswar Pareek from Ratangarh were of great help in the sabha. Jagirdars did their best to disturb the sabha but it continued. It was decided unanimously not to pay the taxes to the Jagirdars and not to obey their orders.

जाट जन सेवक

ठाकुर देशराज[1] ने लिखा है ....चौधरी बुद्धाराम जी- [पृ.148]: तहसील रतनगढ़ में सीतसर जाटों का मशहूर गाँव है। यही के चौधरी स्वरूपराम जी के सुपुत्र चौधरी बुधाराम जी हैं। गोत्र आपका डूडी है। इस गोत्र के लोग जयपुर में भी हैं।


[पृ.149]:एक समय इन्हीं के नाम पर आमेर का पूर्व नाम ढूंढार था। आप विद्यार्थी भवन रतनगढ़ के लिए काम करने वालों में एक उत्साही आदमी हैं।


सुजानगढ़ में प्रजा परिषद् की स्थापना

वर्ष 1942 में गांधीजी ने देश में करो या मरो का नारा दिया और अंग्रेजों को भारत छोड़ने का जय घोष किया। गांधीजी के सत्याग्रह से प्रोत्साहित होकर सुजानगढ़ में भी बीकानेर राज्य प्रजा परिषद् की स्थापना की। पंडित गिरीश चन्द्र मिश्र, सेठ सागरमल खेतान, बनवारीलाल बेदी, लालचंद जैन, फूलचंद जैन जैसे कार्यकर्त्ता शहरी तबके से थे।

ग्रामीण क्षेत्रों से जो कार्यकर्त्ता 1942 से 1945 तक बीकानेर राज्य प्रजा परिषद् सुजानगढ़ के सदस्य बनकर इस संघर्ष में सामिल हुए और अंग्रेजी साम्राज्य, बीकानेर की राजशाही एवं जागीरदारी प्रथा के विरुद्ध बिगुल बजाया उनमे आप मुख्य थे। लादूराम खीचड़ ने प्रजा-परिषद् की गतिविधियों में सक्रीय भाग लिया।[2]

लादूरामजी खीचड़ के साथ प्रजा परिषद् का प्रचार-प्रसार करने वालों में मुख्य थे - रामूराम ढाका, चैनाराम बोला, जेसाराम राव, तिलोक राम बुरड़क, तिलोकराम जानू, बुधराम डूडी, आशाराम मंडा, गिरधारीराम मील आदि। [3]


सीतसर के बुधराम डूडी और टिडियासर के बालू राम नैण ने पक्का मकान बनाया तो बीकानेर के जागीरदार ने उनको जेल में डाल दिया।

जीवन परिचय

गैलरी

सन्दर्भ

  1. Thakur Deshraj:Jat Jan Sewak, 1949, p.148-149
  2. भीमसिंह आर्य:जुल्म की कहानी किसान की जबानी (2006),p.40
  3. भीमसिंह आर्य:जुल्म की कहानी किसान की जबानी (2006),p.201

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