Chamkaur

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Map of Rupnagar district

Chamkaur (चमकौर) is a village in district Rupnagar in Punjab.

Variants

  • Chamkor (चमकोर)
  • Chamakaur (चमकौर) (जिला रूपनगर, पंजाब) (AS, p.326)
  • Chamkaur Sahib (चमकोर साहिब)

Location

Situated on the banks of the Sirhind Canal, Chamkaur sahib is at a distance of 15 km from Morinda and 16 km from Rupnagar.

History

It is famous for the First Battle of Chamkaur (1702) and the Second Battle of Chamkaur (1704) fought between the Mughals and Guru Gobind Singh. Guru Gobind Singh and his two elder sons and 40 followers had come to this place from Kotla Nihang Khan with his Mughal pursuers close on his heels. They came in the garden said to be of Raja Roop Chand , where now Gurudwara Katlgarh Sahib stands. There are several other Gurudwaras named Tari Sahib, Damdama Sahib, Garhi Sahib & Ranjitgarh Sahib that mark the visits and halts of Guru Gobind Singh.

Five Historical Gurdwaras in Chamkaur Sahib 1. Gurdwara Sri Katalgarh Sahib. 2. Gurdwara Sri Garhi Sahib. 3. Gurdwara Sri Damdma Sahib. 4. Gurdwara Sri Ranjitgarh Sahib. 5. Gurdwara Sri Tarri Sahib.

Jat History

The town made over to Ala Singh: The town and its neighbourhood was made over to Raja Ala Singh, chiefly through the influence of Sirdar Gurbaksh Singh, his friend and a nephew of the great Singhpuria Chief, Kapur Singh, and other portions became the property of the Chamkor, Rupar, Sialba, Buria, Kythal and Shahabad Chiefs, and are in part held by them to the present day. Ala Singh made no attempt to rebuild the city of Sirhind, which is still considered accursed by the Sikhs, but removed the greater number of the inhabitants to his new town of Pattiala, where he soon afterwards built a masonry fort from the proceeds of the custom duties collected at Sirhind which was on the high road between Kabul and Dehli, a position to which the misfortune of its being thrice sacked was, in a great measure, attributable. [1]


Ram Sarup Joon[2] writes that....The Xth Guru held a 'sammelan' (assembly) at Anandpur in 1703. The Hindu Rajas of neighboring hilly regions taking it as a threat clashed with Sikhs but were defeated. They asked for help from Delhi. The ruler of Sirhind came to their help. The Sikhs had by now captured the fort of Chamkor and a fierce battle ensued. In this battle the two elder sons of Guru Govind Singh were killed and the two younger ones were captured along with their Grand Mother and they were buried alive in a wall mercilessly at Sirhind. The Grand Mother of these children committed suicide by jumping from the roof. This tragedy occurred in about 1703 or 1704. After a pause, in 1706 the Sikhs again had another battle with the Royal Army at Muktsar in which the Sikhs were crushed.

List of villages in tahsil Chamkaur

1 Adhrera, 2 Akbarpur, 3 Amrali, 4 Assarpur, 5 Attari, 6 Aurnauli, 7 Badwali, 8 Bahbalpur, 9 Ballan, 10 Balrampur, 11 Balsanda, 12 Baman, 13 Bamnara, 14 Ban Majra, 15 Bangian, 16 Bara Daudpur, 17 Bara Gadhram, 18 Bara Makrauna, 19 Bara Samana, 20 Bara Surtanpur, 21 Bari Jhallian, 22 Bari Mandauli, 23 Bari Rauni, 24 Barsalpur, 25 Bassi Gujjran , 26 Bazidpur, 27 Behdala, 28 Behdali, 29 Behrampur Bet, 30 Bela, 31 Beli Attalgarh, 32 Beli Kalan, 33 Bhagowal, 34 Bhaini, 35 Bhairon Majra, 36 Bhaku Majra, 37 Bhalian, 38 Bhauwal, 39 Bhoje Majra, 40 Bhurara, 41 Bir Guru, 42 Boor Majra, 43 Boothgarh, 44 Chak Lahori, 45 Chaklan, 46 Chalaki , 47 Charheri, 48 Chaunta Kalan, 49 Chaunta Khurd , 50 Chhota Daudpur, 51 Chhota Gadhram , 52 Chhota Makrauna, 53 Chhota Samana , 54 Chhota Surtanpur, 55 Chhoti Mandauli, 56 Chhoti Rauni, 57 Chintgarh , 58 Chotamla , 59 Chuhar Majra, 60 Chupki, 61 Chutamali, 62 Dalla , 63 Datarpur, 64 Dehar, 65 Dhanauri, 66 Dhangrali, 67 Dhaulran, 68 Dhianpura, 69 Dholan Majra, 70 Dhumewal, 71 Doom Chheri, 72 Dugri , 73 Dulchi Majra, 74 Dumna, 75 Farid , 76 Fatehgarh, 77 Fatehgarh, 78 Fatehgarh , 79 Fatehgarh Viran, 80 Fatehpur, 81 Ferozepur, 82 Gagon, 83 Garhi, 84 Ghurkewal, 85 Gobindgarh Kulchian, 86 Gobindpur Alias Dhespur, 87 Gopalpur , 88 Hafizabad, 89 Haron, 90 Jagatpur, 91 Jasran, 92 Jatana, 93 Kahanpur, 94 Kainaur, 95 Kajauli, 96 Kakrali, 97 Kalaran, 98 Kamalpur, 99 Kandola, 100 Kanjla, 101 Karkhana Bela, 102 Katlaur, 103 Khairpur, 104 Khalilpur, 105 Khanpur, 106 Khera, 107 Kheri Salabatpur, 108 Khizarpur, 109 Khokhar, 110 Kiri Afghana, 111 Kishanpura, 112 Kotla , 113 Kotla Bet, 114 Kotla Sarmukh Singh, 115 Kotli, 116 Kotli, 117 Kulheri, 118 Kulian, 119 Lakhewal, 120 Lutheri, 121 Mahtot, 122 Majri, 123 Makowal, 124 Malewal, 125 Man Kheri, 126 Manjitpura/Chamar Majra, 127 Mathahari, 128 Mohan Majra, 129 Morinda, 130 Muajudinpur, 131 Mukarabpur, 132 Mundian, 133 Mundian, 134 Muzafat, 135 Nathwalpur, 136 Oind , 137 Panj Peda, 138 Paprali , 139 Pathreri Jattan, 140 Phassa , 141 Pipal Majra, 142 Rambagh, 143 Ramgarh , 144 Ramgarh, 145 Ramgarh Alias Manda, 146 Rampur , 147 Rampur Bet, 148 Rampur Mehrab , 149 Ranga, 150 Rangian, 151 Rashidpur, 152 Rasulpur, 153 Rattangarh, 154 Rattanpur, 155 Raulu Majra, 156 Rokali Mangarh , 157 Rurkee, 158 Saheri, 159 Saidpur, 160 Saidpur, 161 Salahpur, 162 Salahpur, 163 Salempur, 164 Samrauli, 165 Sandhuan, 166 Sangatpur 167 Santpur, 168 Sarangpur, 169 Sarhana, 170 Shahpur 171 Sheikhu,pur, 172 Sotal , 173 Sukho Majra, 174 Suleman Shikoh, 175 Sultanpur, 176 Tajpur, 177 Talapur , 178 Taprian Amar Singh, 179 Taprian Boothgarh, 180 Taprian Gharispur, 181 Taprian Rashidpur, 182 Udhampur , 183 Zindanpur,

Jat Gotras

चमकौर

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[3] ने लेख किया है ... चमकौर (AS, p.326) (जिला रूपनगर, पंजाब): हिमाचल प्रदेश की शिवालिक पहाड़ियों की तराई में बसा हुआ एक छोटा-सा क़स्बा है। पुरातत्व विभाग के अधीक्षक डॉ. वाई.डी. शर्मा के अनुसार इस स्थान पर किये गए उत्खनन में अति प्राचीन नगर के अवशेष प्राप्त हुए हैं। यह नगर आजकल सिक्खों का पवित्र स्थान है, जहाँ गुरु गोविंद सिंह ने मुग़लों के विरुद्ध अंतिम युद्ध किया था। मुग़लों से युद्ध के फलस्वरूप ही गुरुजी के दो ज्येष्ठ पुत्र मारे गए थे और दो कनिष्ठ पुत्र सरहिन्द के सूबेदार की आज्ञा से दीवार में चुनवा दिए गए। डॉ. शर्मा के मत में इस नगर की नींव रामायण काल में पड़ी थी। चमकौर नगर के आस-पास विस्तृत बालू के मैदान हैं, जिससे यह जान पड़ता है कि किसी समय सतलुज नदी यहाँ होकर बहती थी। ई. सन के दो सहस्त्र वर्ष पूर्व हड़प्पा सभ्यता से प्रभावित अनेक अवशेष यहाँ से मिले हैं। चमकौर की घनी बस्ती के कारण यहाँ विस्तृत खुदाई संभव नहीं हो सकी है, किंतु उत्तर-मध्य कालीन अवशेष काफ़ी प्रचुरता से मिले हैं। यहाँ से प्राप्त अवशेषों में चमकीले मृदभांड एवं लाल ढक्कन और चपटी तली तथा चौड़े मुँह और तेज धार के किनारे वाले प्याले प्रमुख हैं।

Notable persons

External Links

References


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