Deep Chand Kaswan

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लेखक:लक्ष्मण बुरड़क, IFS (Retd.), Jaipur
Volunteers of Kangad Kand, Deep Chand is sitting first line left

Deep Chand Arya (Kaswan) (दीपचंद आर्य), Ex. MP, was a freedom fighter and reformer in Rajasthan. He was born in the family of a Kaswan Jats of village Kalri Churu, tahsil Rajgarh Churu, district Churu in Rajasthan.

His family

Thakur Deshraj[1] has mentioned that Deepchand's father was Asha Ram Kaswan. His forefathers had migrated from village Matani in Bhiwani district of Haryana.

His son Ram Singh Kaswan is a prominent leader of Bharatiya Janata Party and was Member of Parliament from Churu in Rajasthan.

The Kangar movement of farmers

The Jagirdars had tried to prevent the farmers from taking part in Loha Sabha. This sabha at Loha village was quite successful. The Jagirdars were frightened about the decisions taken in this sabha. They approached Maharaja Bikaner from whom they obtained the permission to recover the land and other taxes forcefully. The Jagirdars assembled at village Kangar in Ratangarh tehsil in the fort of Gop Singh Jagirdar. They took the Kaimkhanis of Ratangarh also with them. They were all equipped with swords, guns, barchhis, bhalas etc. Here the Jagirdars decided to recover 20 times taxes forcefully. Looking to these preparations of the Jagirdars, the Jat farmers approached Hari Ram Dhaka and Rupram Maan at Ratangarh. [2]

Hari Ram Dhaka sent Megh Singh Arya, Rupram Maan, Sisram Bhaktopdeshak with the farmers of Kangar to assess the situation at Kangar. They found that the Jagirdars were enjoying drinks and goat meat. They had forcefully snatched goats, sheep, milk, curd etc. from villagers of Kangar. They started doing rape with the village women. Jagirdars dragged the villagers to the fort, beaten them and demanded 20 times taxes. The message spread to nearby villages and Jats also assembled in thousands of number for the counter action. They were also equipped with barchhi, bhala, jeli etc. The situation was very tense. Jats assessed the situation and decided not to have a direct confrontation as it may lead to hundreds of lives on both sides. All farmers consented that they should approach the Bikaner Maharaja to let him know the actual situation. A deputation of 35 agitating farmers was sent to Bikaner under the leadership of Rupram Maan and Megh Singh Arya. [3]

Hari Ram Dhaka along with seven persons reached Kangar. Chaudhari Surja Ram Saran, Jaisangsar and Ganpat Ram Nai had also come to Kangar the same day. Both were in white khadi clothes and were wearing Gandhi topi. The Syanan Jagirdar, Kishan Singh, attacked them with lathi which broke the head of Surja Ram and one hand of Ganpat Ram. They fell on the ground. Kishan Singh was shouting "kill them". This attack led the revolutionaries to start demonstration against the Jagirdars, shouting slogans for freedom. This was the first demonstration against Jagirdars under leadership of Hari Ram Dhaka at Kangar village. On 30 October 1946 at 10 am, Hari Ram Dhaka along with his associates were arrested and imprisoned in the fort. They were beating them very badly and putting them in a shade full of pala. Mukna Ram Achra from village Gorisar, Ganpat Ram Nyol, Satra from tehsil Churu and Hari Ram Dhaka along with others were put in pala after they fainted out of severe beating. At about 4 am in the morning they heard voices that thousands of Jats had gathered at village Barjangsar and started attacking Jagirdars and that they were reaching Kangar also. This sent ripples of pain amongst the Jagirdars who decided to release the freedom fighters. The revolutionaries were brought before Gop Singh, who was ADC of Bikaner Maharaja. The village Kangar was in Jagir of Gop Singh. Most of the Jagirdars had left the fort on hearing the news of coming of group of revolutionaries. The Kaimkhani of Ratangarh also left the fort of Kangar. The only persons left in the fort were Gop Singh himself along with Ram Singh DSP and his police party. All the revolutionaries had decided not to accept the directions of Gop Singh. At last they put the revolutionaries in a Jeep like cattle and through them away at Ratangarh. Here when they came to senses they found that a group of revolutionaries including Master Deep Chand, Moji Ram Chaudhari Chandgothi, Hans Raj Arya, Bhadra, Gangadatta and Prof Kedar from Ganganagar came to them. They were apprised of the incidence of Kangar.[4]

जाट जन सेवक

ठाकुर देशराज[5] ने लिखा है ....चौधरी दीपचंदजी - [पृ.159]: बीकानेर राज्य के कालरी गांव के एक 22 वर्षीय नौजवान हैं चौधरी दीपचंद जी कसवां। पहले आप के बुजुर्ग जिला हिसार की भिवानी तहसील के मताणी गांव में रहे थे। आपके पिता आसाराम जी एक समझदार व्यक्ति थे।

आपने अपने कौम की गिरी दिशा पर तरस खाकर 10 वीं कक्षा से पढ़ना भी छोड़ दिया और कालरी गांव में एक स्कूल की स्थापना करके स्वयम ही शिक्षक का भार संभाला। आप पांच भाई हैं। बीकानेर के राष्ट्रीय आंदोलन में आपने सक्रिय भाग लिया है।

जीवन परिचय

नोट - चौधरी दीपचंद जी कसवां और सहयोगी कार्यकर्ताओं के संबंध में एक विस्तृत लेख आधुनिक जाट इतिहास - 1998 में छपा था जिसकी पूर्ण प्रति चौधरी हरिराम ढाका के पेज पर उपलब्ध है।

External links



  1. Thakur Deshraj:Jat Jan Sewak, 1949, p.159
  2. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998, Section 9 pp.1-12
  3. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998, Section 9 pp.1-12
  4. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998, Section 9 pp.1-12
  5. Thakur Deshraj:Jat Jan Sewak, 1949, p.159

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