Fandan

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Dr. Hari Singh (Fanan)

Fandan/Phandan (फाण्डण) Fanan/Phanan (फानण) Phanan (फानण) Phandan (फाण्डण) Fandhan (फाण्डण) Fenin/Phenin (फेनिन)/Phani (फनि) Faundan/Phaundan (फाउण्डन)[1] Fandhan/Phandhan (फनधान)[2] [3] Phandi/Fandi (फाण्डी) gotra of Jats is found in Rajasthan.

Origin

They are said to be originated from Nagavanshi King Phandi (फांड़ी).[4] or Fandaka (फण्डक)[5]. One Buddhist source [6] writes them Bhandi.

Villages founded by the clan

  • Ranchi -Founded by Nagavanshi King Phanimukut
  • Chaura -a village about 11 miles from Kawardha (Chhattisgarh): In a temple known as Mandava Mahal (मंडवा महल) there is a long inscription on a slab containing 37 lines, which records the construction of a Siva temple by king Ramachandra, born of the Phani Nagavansha, and married to Ambikadevi of the Haihaya lineage.
  • Khalari Stone Inscription Of Haribrahmadeva : Year VS 1470 (19 January 1415) tells us that in the Kalachuri branch of the Ahihaya ( i. e., Haihaya) dynasty there was born the king Siṁhaṇa a devotee of Śiva, who conquered eighteen forts of his enemies. His son was Rāmadēva, who killed in battle Bhōṇiṅgadēva of the Phaṇivaṁśa (i.e., Nāga lineage). His son was Haribrahmadēva, who also was a devotee of Chandrachūḍa (Śiva ). Verses 7-8 describe his capital Khalvāṭikā....It is to be noted here that Khalari is in district Mahasamund of Chhattisgarh.

History

Phanigiri (फणीगिरि) is a village in Suryapet district, Telangana. The place consists of a Buddhist complex which is adorned with a massive stupa along with two apsidal halls with stupas in it.

Phanigiri is a Buddhist site in Suryapet district, Telangana. It dates back to the 1st Century BCE. It is about 40 km from the district headqauarters Suryapet. Two large footprints in the complex are believed to belong to Gautama Buddha. The place also houses three viharas which were once served as the dwelling for the Buddhist monks. Previously the name of the village was Dharmachakrapuram but later it is changed to Phanigiri.

In Mahabharata

Fandaka in Mahabharata (I.35.11)

Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Mahabharata Book I Chapter 35 mentions Names of Chief Nagas. Fandaka in Mahabharata (I.35.11). [7]

Chaura Inscription at Mandava Mahal of Ramachandra of Phani or Nagavansha

(In situ)
Genealogical table of Kawardha Nagavanshi rulers

Chaura is a village about 11 miles from Kawardha. In a temple known as Mandava Mahal (मंडवा महल) there is a long inscription on a slab containing 37 lines, which records the construction of a Siva temple by king Ramachandra, born of the Phani or Nagavansha, and married to Ambikadevi of the Haihaya lineage. It gives the legend of the origin of the Nagavansha, somewhat resembling that of the Haihaya-vansha, who claim a serpent and a mare to be their original ancestors. Our record relates that a serpent got enamoured of Mithila, the beautiful daughter of the sage Jatukarna (जाटुकर्ण).

He therefore assumed human form and had intercourse with her. Their issue was Ahiraja, who, having conquered the neighbouring chiefs, set himself up as a king. The kings who followed him are shown in the genealogical table in the picture. Family tree is as under:

1. Ahiraja → 2. Rajalla → 3. Dharnidhara → 4. Mahimadeva → 5. Sarvavandana (Saktichandra ?) → 6. Gopaladeva → 7. Naladeva → 8. Bhuvanapala → 9. Kirtipala 10. Jayatrapala → 11. Mahipala → 12. Vishamapala → 13. Ja(nhu) → 14. Janapala or Vijanapala (or Juvapala ?) → 15. Yasoraja → 16. Kanhadadeva ? (Vallabhadeva ?) → 17. (La)kshmavarma → 18. Khadgadeva → 19. Bhuvanaikamalla → 20. Arjuna → 21. -Bhima → 22. Bhoja

17. (La)kshmavarma → Chandana → Vijjana → Malugideva → 23 Lakshrtiana → 24. Ramachandra → (Arjuna + Haripala)

Khalari Stone Inscription Of Haribrahmadeva : Year VS 1470 (=1415)

No. 108 ; Plate LXXXIX

Khalari Stone Inscription Of Haribrahmadeva : (Vikrama) Year 1470

THIS inscription was first brought to notice by Sir A. Cunningham’s Assistants, Mr. J. D. Beglar, in the Archæological Survey of India Reports, Vol. VII, p. 157 and was subsequently edited, without any translation or facsimile, by Dr. Kielhorn in the Epigraphia Indica, Vol. II, pp. 228 ff. It is edited here from the original stone and its ink impressions taken under my direction.

The slab of polished red sand-stone, which bears this inscription, was originally fitted into the wall of the maṇḍapa of a temple at Khalārī¹, about 45 miles east of Raipur in the Raipur District of Madhya Pradesh. It is now preserved in the Raipur Museum.

The inscription contains sixteen lines of writing, which cover a space of about 1' 11½” broad by 11½” high. The writing is in a good state of preservation, only two or three letters being slightly damaged. The size of the letters is about .5”. The characters are Nāgarī. The letters dh and bh present throughout their modern Nāgarī forms and the pṛishṭhamātrās have nowhere been used. The sign of the avagraha has been used in some places to mark the elision of the initial a or ā. The language is Sanskrit. Except for the customary salutation to Gaṇapati in the beginning and the particulars of the date etc. at the end, the whole record is in verse. The orthography does not present anything calling for remark, except that b is everywhere denoted by the sign for v.

The inscription refers itself to the reign of the king Haribrahmadēva of the Kalachuri² dynasty. The object of it is to record the construction of a temple of Nārāyaṇa by the shoe-maker (mōchī) Dēvapāla, son of Śivadāsa and grandson of Jasau, at the town of Khalvāṭikā

After the customary obeisance to Gaṇapati and three invocatory verses in honour of that god and of Bhāratī (the goddess of speech ) and Nārāyaṇa, the inscription goes on to state that in the Kalachuri branch of the Ahihaya³ ( i. e., Haihaya) dynasty there was born the king Siṁhaṇa a devotee of Śiva, who conquered eighteen forts of his enemies. His son was Rāmadēva, who killed in battle Bhōṇiṅgadēva of the Phaṇivaṁśa (i.e., Nāga lineage). His son was Haribrahmadēva, who also was a devotee of Chandrachūḍa (Śiva ). Verses 7-8 describe his capital Khalvāṭikā. The inscription was written by Rāmadāsa of the Vāstavya family and was engraved by the artisan Ratnapāla.

The inscription is dated in lines 15 and 16 in the (Vikrama) year 1470, the Śaka year 1334, the cyclic year being Plava, on Saturday, the ninth tithi of the bright fortnight of Māgha, while the moon was in the asterism Rōhiṇī. As Kielhorn has shown, the details of the date agree neither for the Vikrama year 1470 current (corresponding to Śaka 1334 expired), nor for the Vikrama year 1470 expired. The proper year is Vikrama 1471 expired, corresponding to Śaka 1336 expired. In that year the ninth tithi of the bright fortnight of Māgha ended 15 h. 20 m. after mean sunrise on Saturday ( the 19 th January 1415 A.C.) and the moon was in the asterism of Rohiṇī for 12 h. 15 m. after mean sunrise on that day. The cyclic year also, according to the northern luni-solar system, was Plava. The Christian equivalent of the day is, therefore, the 19th January 1415 A.C.

As the present inscription was incised only about thirteen years after the preceding one which also comes from the Raipur District, the kings Siṁhaṇa, Rāmadēva and Haribrahmadēva mentioned in it are plainly identical with Siṅgha, Rāmachandra and Brahamadēva named in the latter. Kielhorn identified the first two of them with the homonymous kings mentioned in the Rāmṭēk stone inscription. But the latter are there said to have belonged to the Yādava dynasty and must, therefore, be identical with the well-known kings Siṁhaṇa and Rāmachandra of that dynasty, who flourished in the ______________

1. C.A. S. I. R ., Vol, p. 157.

2. The text has actually Kalachuri in 1. 5, but it is evidently a mistake for Kalachuri.

3. Haihaya has been written here as Ahihaya evidently to suit metre.

4. According to the southern luni-solar system , the cyclic year for Vikrama 1471 expired was Jaya.

5. According to Kielhorn's calculations, the tithi ended 16 h. 18 m. after mean sunrise and the moon was in the nakshatra Rōhiṇī from 13 h. 8 m. or, by the Garga-siddhānta, from 1 h. 19 m. after mean sunrise, or by the Brahma-siddhānta, from about sunrise. The Jovian year Plava, by the Sūrya siddhānta rule without bīja, lasted from the 24th April 1414 A.C. to the 20th April 1415 A.C.

13th century A.C. Besides, there is no evidence that rule of the petty Kalachuri princes mentioned here extended as far as Nagpur in the west in the 14th century A.C. The identification proposed by Kielhorn cannot, therefore, be upheld.¹

There is only one place-name mentioned here, viɀ., Khalvātikā, which is clearly identical with Khalāri where the present inscription was discovered.

Villages founded by Fandan clan

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Sikar district

Chachiwad Bara, Hardayalpura, Rashidpura (200), Sihot Chhoti, Singhasan, Rasidpura Khudi, Bhukar Ka Bas (Rasidpura), Mailasi (Fenin) (4),

Villages in Churu district

Bhukaredi , Khuri Sujangarh (2) Sujangarh (Fandi=7),

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Chelasi,

Notable persons

  • Dana Ram Choudhary - Addl.S.P., Rajasthan Police
  • Dr. Hari Singh (Fanan) - Doctor Medical & Health , Date of Birth : 6-July-1965, Dhani Fanan Wali c/o Shiv Bricks Factory Dhudoli Road Po. Neem Ka Thana, Dist. Sikar, Present Address : B-35 Basant Vihar Sikar, Phone Number : 01572-256003, Mob: 9414315827
  • Dr. Sudhish Kumar (Fenin) - Asstt. Professor ML Sukhadia University, Date of Birth : 15-May-1966, VPO- Rashidpura, distt.- Sikar, Rajasthan, Present Address : E-10-University Quarters, Ashok Nagar Main Road, Udaipur, Phone Number : 0294-2412059,Mob: 9460931280, Email: skmlsu@gmail.com
  • Kheta Ram Fandi - Son of Hira Lal, Nr Chandra Shekhar School, Sujangarh. Mob:9772995800.[8]

See also

  • Funan - Kingdom of Funan around the 1st century CE in the Mekong Delta of southern Vietnam.

References

  1. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.49,s.n. 1576
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. फ-6
  3. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.49, s.n. 1564
  4. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland, 1894 By L.A. Waddell, M.B., B.R.A.S.,pp.91-92
  5. Mahabharata (I.35.11),
  6. महाव्युत्पत्ति
  7. नागः शङ्खनकश चैव तथा च सफण्डकॊ ऽपरः, कषेमकश च महानागॊ नागः पिण्डारकस तथा (I.35.11)
  8. Pitha Ram Guleria, Sujangarh Jat Samaj Nirdeshika, 2015, p.53

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