Pilibhit (Hindi: पीलीभीत, Urdu: پیلی بھیت) is a city and district in Uttar Pradesh. Pilibhit has been geographic and political cynosure as it is the only forest area amid the 22 districts and the only district that has an international border in Harit Pradesh, which is proposed to be carved out of Uttar Pradesh.
Pilibhit is the north-eastern most district of Bareilly division, situated in the Rohilkhand region of the sub-Himalayan Plateau belt on the boundary of Nepal, known for the origin of river Gomati and one of the most forest-rich areas in North India.
Origin of name
Pilibhit was once known as Hafizabad, derived from the name of the great Rohella leader of the area Hafiz Rahmat Khan, but eventually it took its present name from a nearby village.
Tahsils in Pilibhit district
Villages in Pilibhit Tahsils
Abhairajpur Urf Noorpur, Abhu Dandi, Aidwara, Aimi, Ajit Dandi, Ajitpur Mustqil, Ajitpur Sahrai, Alakthan, Alam Dandi, Alampur, Aliapur, Amarganj Ehatmali, Amarganj Mustqil, Amaria, Amkhera, Amkhera, Amkhiriya, Andrayan Mustqil, Anwar Ganj, Araji Baurakh, Araji Chant Urf Tandola, Araji Dahgala, Araji Dhankuni, Araji Din Nagar, Araji Nand Simaria, Araji Rampuria, Arauli, Aspur, Athkona, Auria, Bagnera Bagneri, Bagwa, Bahadurganj, Bahruwa, Baibaha, Bakhshpur, Bakshpur, Balliya, Balpur Mafi, Balpur Patti Mustqil, Banausa, Banjaria Jamunia, Banjaria Kallu, Banskhera, Bar Nawada, Baradunwa (Ehatmali), Baradunwa (Mustqil), Barat Bojh, Barha, Barha Vikram, Barhaini, Barhepura], [[Basantpur Basantpur Mustqil, Basantpur Sahraee, Baurakh, Behari Mustqil, Behri Ehatmali, Bela Pokhra, Belabhaur Mustqil, Belapokhra, Bhadsara, Bhaga Mohammadganj Mustqil, Bhagawatipur Dhura, Bhagi Dandi, Bhagtania, Bhagvantpur Bajhera, Bhaisaha, Bhaisaha Mustqil, Bhamaura, Bhan Dandi, Bhanpur, Bhara Pachpera, Bharatpur, Bhauna, Bhauni, Bhikharipur, Bhilaiya Gaon Khera, Bhindara, Bhooda Sarainda Mustqil, Bhooda Sarainda Sahrai, Bhoora, Bhura, Biharipur, Bilaspur, Bilganwa, Bilhara Mafi, Bindhuwa, Bishanpur Ehatmali, Bishanpur Mustaqil, Bithaura Kalan, Bithaura Khurd, Bithra, Chahlora, Chaka, Chand Dandi, Chandoi, Chat Dang, Chathia Nyaz (Ahmad), Chaura Khera, Chidaiyadeh, Chinaura Mustqil, Chithiya Bhaisaha, Chudaila, Dabka, Dahgala, Dandia, Dandia Bhasaudi, Dang, Daulatganj Ehatmali, Daulatganj Mustqil, Deen Nagar Khujha, Dehrum Mandria Mustqil, Deoni Kesharpur, Deorania, Deori, Desh Nager, Devipura, Devipura, Dhakia Badlu, Dhakia Natha, Dhankuna, Dhankuni, Dheram, Dherum Mandria Sahrai, Dhundhari, Din Nagar, Dinarpur, Diuni Bahadurganj, Diura, Diyoni, Fardia, Faridpur Hasan, Fulaiya, Gagnapur, Gahluia, Gaibojh, Gaibojh, Gajraula, Gajraula Kalan Mustqil, Gajraula Kalan Saharai, Gauhania, Gauhar, Gaunera, Gauneri Badi, Gauneri Dan, Gazipur, Ghoorkoni, Gidhaur, Goonchh (Onch), Gopal Nagar, Gular Bojh, Gularia Bhindara (NP), Gularia Bithra, Gularia Dulhan, Gularia Jafarpur, Guteha, Haidarabad, Handa, Har Raipur, Haraiya Urf Harkiswan Pur, Harchuia, Hardaspur, Harharpur Dhura, Harharpur Hasan, Harkishanpur, Hasain Nagar, Hasan Nagar, Hashampur, Hatua Bijulahi, Hetam Dandi, Himkarpur, Himmat Nager Urf Chiraidipur, Igdhara, Imam Nagar, Jagat Ehatmali, Jagat Mustqil, Jagdish Pur, Jagipur Chhitaunia, Jahanabad, Jahanabad (NP), Jaitpur Mustqil, Jamgahan, Jamunia, Jangrauli Asha, Jangrauli Pul, Jar Kalliya, Jatipur, Jatpura, Jauna Puri, Jiraunia, Jithania, Kahdaiya Navada, Kaichu Tanda, Kaim, Kaima, Kaimor, Kainch, Kalayanpur Naugwan, Kallia, Kalyanpur Chakratirth, Kalyanpur Khas, Kanakore, Kanja Haraia, Kanja Nath, Kargaina Kargaini, Kargaina Peera, Karnapur, Karod, Kataia Pandari, Kataiya Islam, Katmata, Katmati, Kesarpur, Keulara, Khag, Khai Khera, Khali Nabada Mustqil, Khali Navada (Mustqil), Khamria Dalelganj, Khamriapul, Kharagpur, Kharaunsa, Kharuwa Mustqil, Khera, Khirka, Khujraha, Khundara, Kishanpur, Kuan Khera, Kukra, Kukrikhera, Kundri Dahgala, Kunwarpur, Kuraiya Navadia, Kurra Mustqil, Kurri Mustqil, Kuthia Rate, Lahaur Ganj, Lalauri Khera, Lalpur, Lalpuria Baurakh, Lalpuria Saheb Singh, Laukha, Ludh Pura, Maanpur Hatua, Madhaupur, Madhuwa Nagri Mustqil, Magrasa, Mahchandi, Maheshpur, Mahof, Mahuwa Mustqil, Mahuwa Sahrai, Maidana, Maithi Saidulla Ganj, Majhalia (Mustqil), Majhara, Majhganwa, Majhganwa(Mustaqil), Makrandpur Mafi, Mala, Mandaria, Mangadpur, Manpur, Maqtul, Marori Mustqil, Marori Sahraee, Mathu Dandi Ehatmali, Mathu Dandi Mustqil, Meerapur Mustqil, Meerpur, Mewatpura Urf Sherganj, Mirapur, Mohammadganj Urf Peeratal, Mohanpur, Mohanpur, Mudalia Ilahi Baksh, Mudia Ramkishan, Mudia Ratanpuri, Mudlia Gausu, Mudsena Bakshpur, Mudsena Madari, Mugla Khera, Mundela Kalan Mustqil, Mundela Khurd Mustqil, Musakoni, Nagfan Rasoiya, Nagria (Mustqil), Nakatia, Nand Pasiapur, Nand Simaria, Narayan Dher, Navada Kadhaiya, Navada Shyampur, Navadia Dahla, Navadia Jithnia, Navadia Kuraiya, Navadia Sharifganj Mustqil, Navdia Gheesi, Nawada Das, Nawada Kanja, Nawada Khushali, Nawadia Visem, Nawkoond Ehatmali, Nawkoond Mustqil, Neoria Husainpur, Neoria Husainpur (Sumali Sahra), Neoria Husainpur (Sumali) Must), Neoria Husainpur Sahrai, Neoria Khurd, Nihalpur (Ehatmali), Nihalpur (Mustqil), Nisawa Nisaiya, Nisra, Niwar Aithpur (Mustqil), Nizam Dandi, Noorpur, Nyoria Husainpur (NP), Pachtaur, Pakaria Vijaypur, Pakria Naugwan Ehatmali, Pakriya Naugwan Mustqil, Pandara Kishandas, Pandara Ramdas, Pandari, Pandri Katala, Pansoli Mustqil, Parewa Vaishya, Pauta, Pauta Kalan, Pauta Khurd, Phulaiya, Phulhar, Pilibhit (MB), Pilibhit Kohna, Pinjra Vamanpuri, Piparia Bhaja, Pipra Bale, Pipra Bhagu, Pipria Agru, Pipria Navdia, Pratap Pur, Purnapur, Purva Bhooda Sahraee, Purwa Bhooda Mustqil, Pyas, Rafiapur, Raipur Mustqil, Rampur Baurakh, Rampura, Rampura Mishra, Rampura Ujhainia Ehatmali, Rampura Ujhainia Mustqil, Rampuria Mahof, Rampuria Sirsa, Rasula, Rauhatania, Richhola Mustqil, Richhola Sahrai, Roop Pur Kamalu, Roop Pur Kripa, Rura Ramnagar, Saddarpur, Sahgawan Nagria, Saidpur, Saijani Bankati, Saijna Mustqil, Saijna Mustqil, Saijna Sahraee, Sakatpur, Sakhaula, Samar Khera, Sanda, Sandia Ehatmali, Sandia Mugalpura, Sandia Mustqil, Santoshpura, Sarai Sundarpur, Sarainda Patti, Saraini Turkunia, Saraura, Sarauri, Sardar Nagar, Sathrapur Mustqil, Shahee, Sharifganj, Shayampur Mustqil, Shivpuria, Simria Anoop, Simria Gausu, Simria Tarachandra, Sirsa, Sirsa, Sirsa, Sirsa Sardah Mustqil, Sirsa Sardah Sahrai, Sisaiya, Siya Bari Patti, Suktia, Sunderpur, Surajpur (Mustqil), Surajpur Ehatmali, Surajpur Urf Shivnagar, Suswar Mustqil, Tah, Takia, Tanda Bijaisi Sahrai, Tanda Bijaisi(Mustqil), Tandola, Tar Kunia Nasir, Tondarpur (Ehatmali), Tondarpur (Mustqil), Tumria, Turkpur Urf Barhwar (Ehatmali), Turkpur Urf Barhwar(Mustqil), Udara, Udaypur Mafi, Uganpur, Uganpur, Ujhainia Rampur Mustqil, Ujhainia Rampura Ehatmali, Ulkari Dhakia, Umarsar Mustqil, Vahanpur, Vasthana, Visem,
It is believed by locals that Pilibhit was ruled by an ancient king named Mayurdhwaj or Moredhwaj or King Venu, who was a great devotee of lord Krishna and a loyal friend of Arjun, whose name and geography of his kingdom, can be traced in the epic Mahabharata. Local tradition connects them with the mythical Raja Vena.
According to the Imperial Gazetteer of India, vol. 20, page 138, Pilibhit was ruled by Chhinda dynasty in the 10th century, an inscription, written in Sanskrit, has been found in the Dewal village of Puranpur area which shows that the princes of Chhinda dynasty made a canal out of River Sarada in the 10th century.
According to a British officer, historian Lieutenant-Colonel James Tod (1782–1835) , Maharana Pratap's son, Amar Singh, fought 17 wars with the Mughal emperor Akbar but in 1595, after Maharana Pratap's death, he conditionally accepted them as rulers. At this time, many of Maharana Pratap's band of loyal Rajputs became disillusioned by the surrender and left Rajasthan. This group included Rathores, Deoras, Chauhans, Parihars, Tomars, Kachwahas, Ranas, Tharus and Jhalas. Collectively, they are called Tharu at present and are settled mostly in sub Himalayan belt on the boundary of Nepal in and around of dense forest of present district Pilibhit in Uttar Pradesh. Many of the Tharu tribe are still living in the remote forest area in the district and trying to conserve the tradition and culture they brought from Rajasthan.
At the end of 10th century, a line of princes of Chhinda dynasty ruled the area of Pilibhit. Nothing else is know but their name and the fact that they made a canal out of River Sarada is recorded in an archaic inscription written in Sanskrit found near Dewal village.. Local history commences with the rise of Rohela power in the area in the 18th century, when Pilibhit fell in the hands of Rohella warrior Hafiz Rahmat Khan, after the death of Ali Mohammed Khan. Hafiz Rahmat Khan was killed in 1774 in a battle near Miranpur Katra with the Nawab of Oudh, who was aided by British force lent by Warren Hastings and was added to Oudh.. According to records available on papers, in 1801 when Rohilkhand was ceded to the British in lieu of payment of tribute, Pilibhit was a pargana of the district of Bareilly, which lost it in 1833, the arrangement being temporary and the tract being again united with Bareilly in 1841. In 1871 the Pilibhit subdivision was formed comprising Jahanabad, Pilibhit and Puranpur, the last of which was eventually converted into a separate district in 1879.
पीलीभीत उत्तर प्रदेश और उत्तराखंड के मुहाने पर तराई क्षेत्र में स्थित एक नगर है। उत्तर प्रदेश की राजधानी से होकर बहने वाली प्रमुख नदी गोमती का उद्गम स्थल इसी जनपद में है।
- Imperial Gazetteer of India, vol. 20, p.138
- Pilibhit in 10th century, Government of India
- Text of 'James Tod'
- Pilibhit in 10th century, Government of India
- Pilibhit Included into Owdh in 1800, Government of India
- District Pilibhit Formation, Government of India
- Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.562
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