|Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)|
Sambhal (संभल) is a city and district of Uttar Pradesh state of India. It was announced on 23 July 2012 as one of three new districts in the state.
Variants of name
- Sambhala संभल, जिला मुरादाबाद, उ.प्र., (p.929)
- Shambala शंबल (AS, p.886)
- Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत) (1) (AS, p.932)
- Mahadgiri (महद् गिरि) (AS, p.719)
- Pingala (पिंगल) (AS, p.556)
- Shambala (शम्बल)
- Sambalaka (संबलक) (by Ptolemy)
- Shambhupallika (शम्भूपल्लिक)
Tahsils in Sambhal district
Villages in Sambhal Tahsil
Abu Nagar, Adhola, Adholi Mafi, Ahrola Mafi, Aitmadpur Bhatpura, Ajhra urf Anjera, Akbarpur Gahra, Akhbandpur, Akhtyarpur Chobay, Akhtyarpur Dilpur, Akhtyarpur Taga, Alam Sarai, Allipur Khurd, Allipur Near Manni Khera, Alya Kalyanpur, Amawati Kutabpur, Anjr, Asgaripur, Asmoli, Asrafpur, Ataura, Atauri, Aurangabad Devri, Azimabad, Babu Khera, Bada Tajuddin, Badanpur Basai, Bagarpur Dhaiya, Bagarpur Emma, Bahadarpur Saray Urf Rampur, Bahauddinpur, Bandaun Darwaza, Banjrpuri, Barahi, Baripur Bhamraua, Basla, Battva, Bavaina, Begampur, Behrampur Buzurg, Bela, Benipur Chak, Betla, Bhadraola, Bhamori Patti, Bhartal Madapur, Bhartal Sirsi, Bhataola, Bhatawalii, Bhawalpur Wasli, Bhawanch, Bhawanipur, Bhirwara, Bholeshwar, Bhura Begampur, Bicchouli, Bichpuri, Bihuni, Bilal Pat, Buknala, Chachu Nagla, Chak Chimiyawli, Chak Rafiuddin Nagar, Chakiya, Chamrua, Chandawli, Chandayan, Chandbar, Chandpura, Chhahechhara, Chimiyawli, Chiroli Bhagwantpur, Chitawli, Chokoni, Chooharpur, Daheli, Daryapur Band, Daryapur Rajdeve, Datawli, Dawoi, Dehpa, Dehri Jaggu, Dhak Shahid, Dhakiya, Dhampur, Dhand Sauli, Dharampur Munjabta, Dharampur Sani, Dharangur, Dhimpur Khari, Dhudhawli, Dhureta, Dondi, Dugawar, Dulahpur Band Urf Darapur, Echowara Dingar, Edalpur, Ejri, Ekrotiya, Emadpur, Enchora Kamboh, Esapur Mund, Esapur Sani, Esapur Sunwari, Etala Mafi, Faridpur Kalan, Farrakhpur, Fatehpur Bhau, Fatehpur Dev, Fatehpur Sarai, Fatehpur Utma, Fatehulla Ganj, Firozpur, Galabpur, Gangdaspur, Gangneta, Garwara, Gelua, Ghansoorpur, Gonhant, Gonjni, Govindpur, Gulalpur, Gumsani, Gyanpur Sisauna, Habibpur, Hadakpur, Hafizpur, Haibatpur, Haiderpur Urf Hajipur, Haji Bera, Hallu Sarai, Handalpur, Har Singhpur, Haripur Milak, Harthala, Hasangarh Urf Sikandarpur, Hasanpur Munjawta, Hatim Sarai Kalan, Hazratnagar Garhi, Hindoli, Hindupura, Hirapur, Hisamur, Imadul Mulak, Jalab Sarai, Jalalpur Mohammadbad, Jamalpur, Jantipur, Jogipur, Kabalpur Sarai, Kadera, Kailmundi, Kaima, Kalyanpur, Kamalpur Kafoorpur, Kamalpur Khanupura, Kamalpur Sarai, Karanpur Kayast, Karchali, Kareempur, Kareli, Kasampur, Kaserua, Katauni, Kathna, Keli Patrasi, Keshopur Bhandi, Khabri Bhola, Khagupura, Khalrpur, Khanpur Band, Khanpur Khummar, Khanpur Sarai Urf Alampur, Kharrupa, Khaspur, Khempur, Khirni Mohiuddinpur, Kisoli, Kurkawli, Kutabpur Sakta, Ladanpur Shahwazpur, Lakhanpur, Lakhori Jalalpur, Lalpur Titri, Leharsees, Lehra Kamangar, Lodhi Sarai, Macharya, Machhari, Madala Fatehpur, Madawli Rasoolpur, Madhan, Mahmoodpur Emma, Mahora Lakhupura, Makdoompur, Malakpur Nawada, Malhi Sarai, Mallah Mustfabad, Malni, Malpur Urf Mallpur, Manauta, Mandlai, Mandli Shamaspur, Manganpur, Mangapur, Manni Khera, Mansoorpur Mafi, Masoompur, Masora, Matabli Patti Jaggu, Matawli Patti Persaray, Mathana, Matipur, Mau, Mau Bhur, Mawai Dol, Mawai Thakuran, Mehrana, Mirpur Safipur, Mirzapur Kakrowa, Mitholi, Mohammadpur Bhanda, Mohammadpur Kunja, Mohammadpur Malni, Mohammadpur Nawabali, Mohammadpur Tanda, Momanpur, Mozzampur Urf Bishwnpur, Mubarakpur Band, Mubarikpur, Muhiuddinpur, Mujahidpur, Mujahidpur Sarai, Muqarrabpur, Murtala, Musa Esapur, Muzaffarpur, Nagaliya Kamgar, Nagla, Nagla Nidar, Nahar Thair, Naikpur Mukhtarpur, Nandpur Vita, Narangpur, Narata Mohammadpur, Narotamsarai, Nasirpur, Nasirpur, Nawada, Neemkhera Bajheda, Nehrola, Nehroli, Niryawli, Niwola, Niwora, Noorpur Tatarpur, Nooryon Sarai, Obri, Padarathpur, Pali, Paltha, Pansukha, Pantya Mafi, Paryawli, Patahpur Sakta, Pawansa, Pehra, Peli, Pepli Rahmanpur, Petiya, Phul Singh, Pirthvipur, Pota, Racheta, Raja Bhur, Rajapur Ghalibpur, Rajha, Rajhara Salempur, Raji Khera, Ram Nagar, Rampur Jat, Rampur Khurd, Rampur Urf Yarpur, Rasoolpur Dhatora, Rasoolpur Sarai, Ratupur, Rawan Bujurg, Rawan Khurd Urf Bibipur, Razakpur, Rehtol, Rithali, Rudayan, Ruknuddin Sarai, Rustampur Niyawali, Saddu Sarai, Sadhiranpur, Saidpur Gangu, Saidpur Imma, Saidpur Jaskoli, Saidpur Jayram, Saif Khan Sarai, Saindhri, Sakarpur Taranpur, Sakatpur, Sakhan Sobhapur Munjanta, Sakhan Sumapur Khalsa, SalaKhana, Salarpur Kalan, Salarpur Khurd, Salimpur Salar Urf Hajipur, Sambhal (MB), Sarangpur, Satupura, Seedal Mafi, Sehariya Abdal Nagar, Sehra, Sekhupur Khalsa, Selmi, Senjna, Sevapur, Sevra Jasrat Nagla, Shafat Nagar, Shahbazpur Kalan, Shahpaur Sot, Shahpur Chamaran, Shahpur Dasar, Shahpur Sirpura, Shahzadi Sarai, Shakhupur Madhi, Shankarpur Sot, Sharifpur, Shehwazpur Khurd, Sher Khan Sarai, Sherpur, Shewazpur Sura Nagla, Shivpuri, Sihawli, Sihori, Sikandarpur Karchali, Sikander Pur Sarai, Singpur Saani, Siroli, Sirshanal, Sirsi (NP), Sirsi Dehat, Sisona, Sisota, Sondhan Mohammadpur, Sujatpur, Sultanpur Bujurg, Tajpur, Takht Gusayan, Talwar, Tanda, Tatarpur Ghosi, Tatarpur Majra Bataua, Tatarpur Road, Tatarpur Sandal, Thakari, Tigree, Timanpur, Turtipur Elha, Turtipur Enayatpur, Umarpur Urf Goharpur, Usman Sari, Vikampur Taharpur, Wajidpur Sarai,
Sambhal was formerly named "Bhimnagar" in Uttar Pradesh. But now it is Sambhal. It was known by names Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत), Mahadgiri (महद गिरि), Pingala (पिंगल), Shambala (शम्बल) etc. Its ancient name was Shambhupallika (शम्भूपल्लिक) in Sambhal Copper-Plate of Nagabhata II; Vikrama samvata 885.
H.A. Rose writes about Chauhan (चौहान), a great Rajput tribe, one of the Agnikulas, and also one of the 36 (royal) ruling races. Tod calls them the most valiant of the whole Rajput race, and to them belonged Pirthi Raj, the last Hindu ruler of Hindustan. Before the seat of their power was moved to Delhi, Ajmer and Sambhar in Jaipur seem to have been their home. After their ejectment from Delhi they are said to have crossed the Jumna to Sambhal in Muradabad, and there still dwell the genealogists and bards of the Chauhan of the Nardak of Karnal and Ambala in which Districts they have retained their dominant position more than elsewhere in the Punjab.
According to K. Devi Singh Mandawa, Prithviraja III's kaka Kanhadadeva was a great warrior. He was known as Kaka Kanha and present Alwar district's northern part, Sambhal and Moradabad were in his Jagir. He constructed a Shiva temple at Saraneshwara. Kanha'd damad was killed in war with Kutubuddin and his daughter named Bela became a sati. There is a temple of Bela in Sambhal where a fair is organized every year.
संभल (जिला मुरादाबाद, उ.प्र.)
संभल (AS, p.929): उत्तर प्रदेश के मुरादाबाद ज़िले में स्थित एक प्राचीन तीर्थ स्थल है। पुराणों में सत्ययुग, त्रेता, द्वापर और कलियुग में इसके नाम क्रमश: सत्यव्रत, महद्गिरि, पिंगल और सम्भल या शंबल वर्णित हैं। पौराणिक मान्यता है कि कलियुग में कल्कि अवतार शंबल नामक ग्राम में होगा, जिसका अभिज्ञान लोकविश्वास में इसी नगर से किया जाता है। यह इतिहासकार टॉलमी द्वारा उल्लिखित 'संबलक' है। (दे. शंबल) 
मध्य काल में सम्भल का सामरिक महत्त्व बढ़ गया था, क्योंकि यह आगरा व दिल्ली के निकट स्थित है। सम्भल की जागीर मुग़ल बादशाह बाबर के आक्रमण के समय उसके सरदारों के हाथ में थी। बाबर ने हुमायूँ को संभल की जागीर दी थी, लेकिन वहाँ वह बीमार हो गया, अतः आगरा लाया गया। इस प्रकार बाबर के बाद हुमायूँ ने साम्राज्य को भाइयों में बाँट दिया और सम्भल अस्करी को मिला। शेरशाह सूरी ने हुमायूँ को खदेड़ दिया और अपने दामाद मुबारिज़ ख़ाँ को सम्भल की जागीर दी। अब्बास ख़ाँ शेरवानी के अनुसार बाबर के सेनापतियों ने यहाँ कई मन्दिरों को तोड़ा था और जैन मूर्तियों का खण्डन किया।
शंबल (AS, p.886): विष्णुपुराण 4,24,98 में शंबलग्राम में भविष्य के कल्कि अवतार होने का उल्लेख है- ‘शंबलग्रामप्रधानब्राह्मणस्यविष्णुयशसोगृहेऽष्टगुणार्द्धिसमन्वितः कल्किरूपी जगत्यात्रावतीर्य स्वधर्मेषु चाखिलमेव संस्थापयिष्यति’। कुछ लोगों के मत में शंबल ग्राम वर्तमान संभल (जिला मुरादाबाद, उत्तर प्रदेश) है। 
Sambhal Copper-Plate of Nagabhata II of V.S. 885 (828 AD)
|Sambhal Copper-Plate of Nagabhata II of V.S. 885 (828 AD)|
Reference - From Gurjar Samaj Site 
This is the first known charter of Nagabhatdeva, the son of Vatsarajadeva from Sundari Devi and the grandson of Devasaktideva, though there is an inscription of his time –the Buchkala inscription from Jodhpur region dated in the Vikrama year 872 (AD 815). That he was Nagabhata II, the fourth ruler of the Gurjara Pratihara family is too clear to require demonstration. It is well-known that he, after having defeated Chakrayudha before AD 815, annexed his kingdom and transferred his seat of government to Kanauj, which henceforth continued to be the capital of the dynasty.
This grant also exposes R.C. Majumdar who was the historian of Pala from Bengal, and he willfully did cheating at many places in the history written by him. He said that” if Nagabhata really transferred his capital (to Kanauj), it is very likely towards the close of his reign circa AD 830 after (the Pala king) Dharmapala had died and his son and successor Devapala had enjoyed the position of the supreme ruler of northern India.” He was such a great cheat that he translated Gwalior Sagartal inscription and translated the term Pratiharan Vidherya as door keeper, whereas this term translate to the style of Gujjar Pratihars that surprise, defeat and kill the enemy at his own land with a magical speed, like Laxmana killed Meghnada in Ramayana.
The grant was written by Giyaka, the Dutaka being the Yuvaraja named Rama who was loved by all. The identity of Giyaka remains obscure. Rama is evidently Ramabhadra, also called Ramadeva, who was the son of Nagabhatadeva II from Istadevi and father of Bhojadeva I. The association of a crown prince, with the office of the Dutaka calls for attention. This is not the only case of an heir-apparent being charged with the conveyance of the grant. The Daulatpura Didwana plate of the Pratihara king Bhojadeva I, dated in the Vikrama year 900 (843 AD), refers to Dutaka Yuvaraja Nagabhata ( Ep. Ind., V. p. 209.). Records of other families refer to crown princes discharging the same function. Sometimes this office was combined with that of a Dandapasika (an official connected with police and judiciary) Dandapasika Amaraditya was the Dutaka of the Ahar stone inscription.
The copperplate, contents of which are published here for the first time was obtained in May 1993 by Sri Taufiq Ahmed Qadri Chisti. an antique dealer of Amroha, from one of the shops selling old and broken articles at Sambhal in the Moradabad district of UP.1.
Om. May it be well! From the royal military camp furnished with many bullock carts, elephants, horses, chariots and foot-soldiers, which is situated at the glorious Mahodaya—(there was ) the devout worshipper of Visnu, the Maharaja Saktideva, his son, born of Bhuyikadevi, was the devout worshipper of Mahesvara, the maharaja Vatsarajadeva, who meditated on his (father’s) feet; his son, born of Sundaridevi was the maharaja Nagabhatadeva who was greatly devoted to (the goddess) Bhagavati and a mediator on the feet of his (father)—(the, that is, Nagabhatadeva) (thus) commands all the inhabitants and the officers appointed to several offices, assembled at the Agrahara village of Sambhupallika attached to the Gunapura sub-division and district in the division of Ahichchhatra: After having seen the royal order and been acquainted with the periodical offerings, the above mentioned Agrahara together with all the income, exclusive of all the gifts already granted for the gods and Brahmanas, have been given away by me to endure as long as the Moon, the Sun and the Earth exist, for the increase of the religious merit of my parents to the Brahmanas-Bhatta Suryarata, Bhatta Nagarata, Bhatta Ravirata and Bhatta Narayanrata—born of the family of Bhatta Prabhakararata of the Bharadvaja gotra and the Madhyandina-Vajasaneya Sakha, in accordance with the previous enjoyment. Knowing this, you should assent to it; the residents (of the village) also being obedient on hearing the order should make over all the dues to these donees. Of the firmly enduring charter, written by Giyaka, the dutaka is here the crown prince Rama, a favorite of peoples. Recorded on the Seventh day of the dark fortnight of Jyestha in the Samvat 885.
- Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.929
- A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/B , p.156
- K. Devi Singh Mandawa, Prithviraja, p. 106
- Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.929
- Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.886
- Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.556
- Sambhal Copper-Plate of Nagabhata II; Vikrama samvata 885
- Sambhal Copper-Plate of Nagabhata II; Vikrama samvata 885