Khosa

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Khosa (खोसा)[1] [2] Khosya (खोश्या/खोस्या) Khosar (खोसर)[3] [4] is gotra of Jats found in Punjab,Haryana,Rajasthan. [5] Khosa (खोसा) clan is found in Afghanistan.[6] Khosar (खोसर) Jat clan is found in Multan, Pakistan.[7] It is an important tribe of Punjab (Pakistan).[8]

Origin

‘’’Khosa in Sindhi means Plunderer. According to Balouch epics Khosa means brave or "The Warrior".’’’

History

H.A. Rose [9] writes that Khosa (खोसा ) tribe of Jats are said to be of Tur origin and to have been expelled from Delhi by the Chauhans. The people so plundered were called Khosas. The more usual folk-etymology makes Khosa = plunderer, not plundered. They used to wear the janeo, but after contracting unions with Jats they gave it up, except at Rattiar in Moga tahsil in Ferozepur, where the Khosas still wear it, avoiding social inter-course with other Khosas. The Khosas hold the title in reverence because in the flight from Delhi an eagle saved a new-born child in the usual way. At weddings bread is still thrown to kites. The boy's name was Bhai Randhir and Khosa Randhir in Moga is named after him. His pond in this village is the scene of a mela held there in Magh and all Khosas have their wishes fulfilled or fulfil their vows there. Another special custom at Khosa weddings is that when the bride reaches the bridegroom's house the Dum conceals the takkula of a spinning wheel in the village dung-heaps, and the pair are made to search for it by the common till they find it.

Bhim Singh Dahiya writes about Khosar that in the history of Mauryas when they were attacking southern India we come across a warlike people who are named 'Kosar'. In fact these Kosar people were the vanguard of the Mauryan army as per Tamil literature. Like the Mauryas, they were also from the north and not from the south. They are to be identified as the Khosar clan of the Jats. [10][11]

Garcha, Sirhe, Nain, Chandarh, Dhanda, Kandhole and Khosa Jatts are close kins who are thought to come from Turkistan (Scythian empire) in early history.

Khosa are mentioned as a branch of Jadubansi Abhiras mostly found in the Ahirwati and Hariana.[12]

James Tod[13] writes that The Kosas or Khosas, etc., are branches of the Sahariya, and their habits are the same. They have reduced their mode of rapine to a system, and established kuri, or blackmail, consisting of one rupee and five daris of grain for every plough, exacted even from the hamlets of the shepherds throughout the thal. Their bands are chiefly mounted on camels, though some are on horseback ; their arms are the sel or sang (lances of bamboo or iron), the sword and shield, and but few firearms. Their depredations used to be extended a hundred coss around, even into Jodhpur and Daudputra, but they eschew coming in contact with the Rajput, who says of a Sahariya, " he is sure to be asleep when the battle nakkara beats." Their chief abode is in the southern portion of the desert ; and about Nawakot, Mitti, as far as Baliari.- Many of them used to find service at Udaipur, Jodhpur, and Suigam, but they are cowardly and faithless.

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Hanumagarh district

Pilibanga,

Villages in Baran district

Kelwara (केलवाडा),

Distribution in Uttar pradesh

Villages in Bijnor district

Mubarakpur Khosha,

Villages in Lakhimpur district

Lakhimpur,

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Jalandhar district

Jamaitgarh Alias Khosa ,

Villages in Firozpur district

In Firozpur district the Khosa population is 9,000. [14]

Villages in Ludhiana district

Deva Khosa

Villages in Moga district

Distribution in Pakistan

Distribution in Sindh

James Tod[15] writes that Khosa clan is found in Sindh.

References


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