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Khosa (खोसा)[1] [2] Khosya (खोश्या/खोस्या) Khosar (खोसर)[3] [4] [5]is gotra of Jats found in Punjab,Haryana,Rajasthan. [6] Khosa (खोसा) clan is found in Afghanistan.[7] Khosar (खोसर) Jat clan is found in Multan, Pakistan.[8] It is an important tribe of Punjab (Pakistan).[9]


  • इतिहासकार कँवरपाल सिंह के अनुसार: "जब दिल्ली से तोमरों का राज्य चला गया तो दिल्ली के तोमरों की एक शाखा दिल्ली से पंजाब में चली गयी जो लुधियाना क्षेत्र में जाकर आबाद हो गयी। स्थानीय भाषा में इनको तुअर बोले जाना लगा जो आजकल तूर बोला जाता है। पंजाबी जट्ट इतिहास के अनुसार खोसा मूल रूप से दिल्ली से आये तोमर जाट थे। उनमे से कुछ तोमरों ने अफगानी लुटेरों को लूटना शुरू कर दिया। लूटने तथा किसी वस्तु धन को खोसने के कारण ही इन्हों को स्थानीय लोगों ने खोसा कहना शुरू कर दिया जो आगे चलकर इनका उपगोत्र बन गया जबकि पंजाब में प्रचलित लोक मान्यताओं के अनुसार दिल्ली से तोमरो का राज्य चला गया तब वो इस क्षेत्र में आकर आबाद हुए स्थानीय लोगों ने कहना शुरू कर दिया की इनका राज्य दिल्ली राज्य मुसलमानों ने खोस लिया है। इसलिए इनको खोसा बोला जाने लगा।"[10]
  • According to H. A. Rose, Khosa in Sindhi means robber (and also 'fever').[11]
  • Other claims: (1) Khosa in Sindhi means Plunderer. (2) According to Balouch epics, Khosa means brave or "The Warrior".


H.A. Rose [12] writes that Khosa (खोसा ) tribe of Jats are said to be of Tur origin and to have been expelled from Delhi by the Chauhans. The people so plundered were called Khosas. The more usual folk-etymology makes Khosa = plunderer, not plundered. They used to wear the janeo, but after contracting unions with Jats they gave it up, except at Rattiar in Moga tahsil in Ferozepur, where the Khosas still wear it, avoiding social inter-course with other Khosas. The Khosas hold the title in reverence because in the flight from Delhi an eagle saved a new-born child in the usual way. At weddings bread is still thrown to kites. The boy's name was Bhai Randhir and Khosa Randhir in Moga is named after him. His pond in this village is the scene of a mela held there in Magh and all Khosas have their wishes fulfilled or fulfil their vows there. Another special custom at Khosa weddings is that when the bride reaches the bridegroom's house the Dum conceals the takkula of a spinning wheel in the village dung-heaps, and the pair are made to search for it by the common till they find it.

Bhim Singh Dahiya writes about Khosar that in the history of Mauryas when they were attacking southern India we come across a warlike people who are named 'Kosar'. In fact these Kosar people were the vanguard of the Mauryan army as per Tamil literature. Like the Mauryas, they were also from the north and not from the south. They are to be identified as the Khosar clan of the Jats. [13][14]

Garcha, Sirhe, Nain, Chandarh, Dhanda, Kandhole and Khosa Jatts are close kins who are thought to come from Turkistan (Scythian empire) in early history.

Khosa are mentioned as a branch of Jadubansi Abhiras mostly found in the Ahirwati and Hariana.[15]

James Tod[16] writes that The Kosas or Khosas, etc., are branches of the Sahariya, and their habits are the same. They have reduced their mode of rapine to a system, and established kuri, or blackmail, consisting of one rupee and five daris of grain for every plough, exacted even from the hamlets of the shepherds throughout the thal. Their bands are chiefly mounted on camels, though some are on horseback ; their arms are the sel or sang (lances of bamboo or iron), the sword and shield, and but few firearms. Their depredations used to be extended a hundred coss around, even into Jodhpur and Daudputra, but they eschew coming in contact with the Rajput, who says of a Sahariya, " he is sure to be asleep when the battle nakkara beats." Their chief abode is in the southern portion of the desert ; and about Nawakot, Mitti, as far as Baliari.- Many of them used to find service at Udaipur, Jodhpur, and Suigam, but they are cowardly and faithless.

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Hanumagarh district


Villages in Baran district

Kelwara (केलवाडा),

Distribution in Uttar pradesh

Villages in Bijnor district

Mubarakpur Khosha,

Villages in Lakhimpur district


Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Jalandhar district

Jamaitgarh Alias Khosa ,

Villages in Firozpur district

In Firozpur district the Khosa population is 9,000. [17]

Villages in Ludhiana district

Deva Khosa

Villages in Moga district

Distribution in Pakistan

Distribution in Sindh

James Tod[18] writes that Khosa clan is found in Sindh.


  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. 75
  2. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, p.298
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ख-75
  4. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, p.298
  5. Dr Ompal Singh Tugania: Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.34, sn-502.
  6. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998,
  7. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.183
  8. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/K,p.550
  9. Punjabi Muslalman by J M Wikely
  10. लेखक: कँवरपाल सिंह। पुस्तक: PANDAV GATHA: TOMAR JAT EMPERORS OF NORTH INDIA (पांडव गाथा: उत्तर भारत के तोमर जाट सम्राट). पृष्ठ: 120. प्रकाशक: World History Research Organisation (विश्व इतिहास अनुसंधान संगठन). प्रकाशन वर्ष: 2019. भाषा: हिंदी।
  11. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/B , p.49
  12. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/K,p.550
  13. R.B. Pandey, Vikramadita of Ujjayini.
  14. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), Bhim Singh Dahiya, p.338
  15. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/A,p.5
  16. James Todd Annals/Sketch of the Indian Desert, Vol. III,p. 1298
  17. History and study of the Jats. B.S Dhillon.p.127
  18. James Todd Annals/Sketch of the Indian Desert, Vol. III,p. 1293

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