Achra

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Achra (ऐचरा)[1] Ainchra (ऐंचरा) Achara (आचरा) Anchra (आंचरा)[2][3] [4] Aichra/ Aechra (ऐचरा) Ochra (ओचरा)[5] Ainchara (ऐंचरा)[6] gotra Jats are found in Rajasthan, Punjab and Madhya Pradesh. They are Chandravanshi Kshatriyas. Achra/ Achak/Achi clan is found in Afghanistan.[7] Achran (अचरान), an agricultural clan, found in Shahpur.[8]

Origin

  • Achra is said to get its name after Illa (इला) wife of Budha. Achra are also said to have got this name from Anglo people of Roma who came to India from Europe.[12] Budha (बुध) was son of Chandra and progenitor of the Chandravansh. As per record of their bards, they are a branch of Chauhans.

History

According to Rajatarangini[13] A'cha, the son-in-law of Pramoda the king of Mathura, who was subject to the king of Kashmira, set up an image of Mahadeva named A'cheshvara.

H. W. Bellew writes that Achak, a tribe held to be distinct from the others by the Durani themselves, I take to represent the Indian Achi or Achiholada, " The turbulent Achi," of the Rajataringini, a branch of the Damara (Dumar Kakar before noticed) tribe, which figures in the history of Kashmir as a powerful and turbulent people about Lahore and the northern Punjab in the reigns of Avantivarma, 857 to 886 A.D., and of Harsha, 1090 to 1102 A.D., both kings of Kashmir; they may represent tribes of the Tokhari or Toghiyani Turk, or of the Kator. [14]

H. W. Bellew[15] writes that The Achak, or Achakzi, are entirely pastoral and predatory, and inhabit the Kadani valley and north slopes of the Khojak Amran range to the Toba tablelands. But they wander far to the west, and are found scattered all over the country to Herat and Badghis, and parts of the Ghor country. They are reckoned at five thousand tents, and are in two divisions, viz., Bahadur and Gajan.

Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 10 describes geography and provinces of Bharatavarsha. Antargiri is listed in verse (VI.10.48). [16]

Antargiri literally means 'inner mountains' and denotes the same high ranges as the Pali Mahahimavanta. It is the great Central Himalayas which comprises those highest peaks having altitude of 18000 feet and more like Gaurishankara, Nandadevi, Kedaranatha etc. Antargiri is also mentioned by Panini (V.4.112).[17]

The vast Expanse of High land beyond mid Himalayas extending to the Great Himalayas and further beyond to the edge of Tibetan plateau is known as the Inner Himalayan region or Himadri. In Mahabharata it is defined asw Antargiri. [18]

The tribes living in Antargiri, Vahirgiri and Upagiri were conquered by Arjuna in course of his northern expedition.

Antargiri is place between the Himalayan Ranges (Mbt, Bhisma Parva 9.49) . Arjuna conquered this place (Mbt, Sabha Parva 27.3), Antargiri has been identified with the Rajamahal hills in the district of Santal Pargana in the province of Bengal (Matsya, 113,44). [19]

Villages founded by Achra clan

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Nagaur district

Bhadwa, Dharna, Indokha Makrana, Jhunjharpura (250), Kheri Khinwasi (1), Roopathal,

Villages in Sikar district

Achron Ki Dhani, Banathla, Bhawanipura Srimadhopur, Dheerajpura, Jassi Ka Bas, Jerthi, Katrathal, Panlawa, Rulyani, Shahpur Bawdi, Shahpura Mandha, Shahpura, Sikar, Ramsinghpura, Sewa, Tiroki Chhoti,

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Deogaon Nawalgarh, Kari, Kant Jhunjhunu, Jejusar,

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Bharwana, Kulchander, Mirjawali Mair,

Villages in Churu district

Chhabri Khari (20), Ghumanda (20), Gorisar, Jodi, Raghunathpura Ratangarh (50), Sahwa, Sangasar, Sujangarh (5), Tidiyasar (10),

Villages in Jhalawar district

Aklera,

Locations in Jaipur district

Bhainslana, Bugaliya, Kalwar Road, Kudiyon Ka Bas, Manda Bhopawas, Mansinghpura, Mundota, Moruda,

Villages in Jaipur district

Acharon Ki Dhani,

Villages in Tonk district

Bagadi (13), Ganeti, Hanotia Naner (1), Janka (1), Kacholya (1), Soran ka Bas, Wajirpura (8),

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Hisar district

Bandaheri


Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Ratlam district

Delanpur (1), Surana (1),

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Dhar district

Akolya, Karanpura Dhar,

Villages in Khandwa district

East Nimar

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Patiala district

Achral Kalan, Achral Khurd villages in Samana tahsil in Patiala district in Punjab.

Notable persons

  • Arhat Achara - Alexander Cunningham[20] writes that From Konkana the pilgrim Xuanzang proceeded to the north-west for Maharashtra. The name of Kaliyana also occurs several times in the Kanhari Cave inscriptions, which date from the first and second centuries of the Christian era. On the eastern frontier of the kingdom there was a great mountain with ridges rising one over another, and scarped crests. In former days the Arhat Achara had built a monastery, with rooms excavated in the rock, and a front of two storeys in height facing a " sombre" valley. Alexander Cunningham has identified this vihara to be Ajanta.


  • Dr. Ram D Mehta - Internationally known scientist in the field of genetic toxicology,University Alberta,Canada
  • Gaurav Achra - Manager GE India Pvt Ltd , Date of Birth : 13-August-1980, VPO.- Bheslana ,Via -Phulera,Distt.- Jaipur, Rajasthan, Present Address : 15, Choudhary Colony, Kartarpura,Jaipur ,Rajasthan, Phone Number : 0141-2500020, Mob: 9866320377, Email Address : Gaurav Achra@ge.com
  • Rajeev Achra - CTO, Date of Birth :- 10 Oct 1983, Village - Jejusar, Current Add - Jaipur, Mob: 9828651234
  • Col. Ranveer Singh Achra, Arty (Jhunjhunu) - Shaurya Chakra

External Links

Population

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ए-1
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n.आ-1
  3. Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter IX,p.695
  4. Dr Ompal Singh Tugania: Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.28,sn-79.
  5. Dr Ompal Singh Tugania: Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.29,sn-146.
  6. Dr Ompal Singh Tugania: Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.29,sn-134.
  7. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.180
  8. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/A,p.2
  9. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya etc, : Ādhunik Jat Itihasa, Agra 1998
  10. Rajatarangini of Kalhana:Kings of Kashmira/Book IV, p.92
  11. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, , p.180
  12. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, p. 222
  13. Rajatarangini of Kalhana:Kings of Kashmira/Book IV, p.92
  14. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.161
  15. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.164
  16. अन्ध्राश च बहवॊ राजन्न अन्तर्गिर्यास तदैव च, बहिर्गिर्य आङ्गमलदा मागधा मानवर्जकाः (VI.10.48)
  17. Encyclopaedia of ancient Indian geography By Subodh Kapoor, p.103
  18. Buddhist Monasteries of Himachal By O.C. Handa, p.25
  19. Encyclopaedia of the Hindu world, Volume 2 By Gaṅgā Rām Garg, p.505
  20. The Ancient Geography of India: I. The Buddhist Period, Including the Campaigns of Alexander, and the Travels of Hwen-Thsang. By Sir Alexander Cunningham, p.553-556

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