Siwal

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Asiagh (असिहाग) Asiyag (असिहाग) Sihag (सिहाग) Sehwag (सहवाग) Siyak (सियाक) Sehag (सेहाग) Sehwag (सहवाग) Suhag (सुहाग) Syag (स्याग) Sinhwag (सींहवाग) Siwal (सिवाल) Siag (सियाग) Bolan is a gotra of Jats in Rajasthan, Haryana Westorn UP and Madhya Pradesh in India. They are also known as Asi. Apart from India, this gotra is also found in Europe and America. Sihag are decendant of Sahatavan (सहतावन) and belong to nagavansh. [1] Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mention it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia. [2]

History

The Asiagh people were inhabitants of Asirgarh. One group of them migrated to Europe. Another group moved to Jangladesh. The country Assyria derives its name from Asiaghs. The origin of word Asiagh is from Sanskrit word "Asi" meaning sword. According to Kautilya the people who depended on "Asi" (sword) for their living were known as Asiagh.

According to G. Bongard-Levin and A. Vigasin, Soviet studied have revealed that the migration of steppes tribes from Central Asia started in second century BCE. Excavation in Tajikistan and Swat (Pakistan) reveal the presence of Aryan culture in Central Asia at that time. Some groups of these people had lineage directly with the Rig Vedic Aryans.

The Saka tribes in second century BCE crossed Pamir and moved to north India. They carried with them some elements of the Central Asian culture. The sword, “Asi” in Sanskrit, is one of them that came to Taxila. From the above description it becomes clear that the Asiagh people were the first wave of Sakas from Central Asia.

Rulers in Jangladesh

According to Thakur Deshraj, Asiagh were rulers in Jangladesh prior to the rule of Rathores . Jangladesh coincided with the princely state of Bikaner in Rajasthan. When Rathores under the leadership of Bika and Kandal were spreading their rule in Jangladesh, At that time Asiagh Jat were ruling in about 150 villages in Jangledesh. Chokha Singh was their king and their capital was at Pallu town. Rawatsar, Devasar, Biramsar, Moteir, Dandusar and Gandeli were other famous towns in their state. According to James Tod their capital was at Suin town. Birhmani Mata's mandir at Pallu is very famous. It is known that Shivaji Siag had drunk the milk of a lioness. Son of Shivaji Siag, Manak Dev Ji had a war with Momgharuka (king of Kot Kaloor) and won. The name of daughter of Momgharuka was Pal and modern Pallu town was named after her. The name of Manak Dev Ji's wife was Laachha Devi. Laachha Devi was of Dudi Gotra. Manak Dev Ji had died in war with Laakha. Manak Dev Ji's wife was burnt as 'Sati' at a Johad (pond) in Pallu.

Chokha Singh had war with Rathores but the Godara Jats had aligned with Rathores due to which Asiaghs faced a defeat. Godaras were the most powerful among the Jat rulers of Jangladesh. Rathores had established good relations with the Delhi Muslim rulers and became powerful. The lack of harmony and coordination among other Jat rulers led to the defeat of Jat states in Jangladesh and established the Rathore Kingdom. Part of above information has been obtained from Uday Singh, Rao of Siags (ancestry record keeper), who lives in Gobindgarh village near Ajmer.

Story about Cokhaji Sihag

Once Godara king had sent his messenger to King Chokh Ram Ji of Jangladesh to irritate king Chokha ji and provoke him to fight. So, that messenger went to Devasar village near Pallu. There is a pond in Devasar village where Chokha Ram ji used to take bath and meditated on its shore. Chokha Ram ji was meditating when that messenger reached him. The messenger reached him and said," I am a messenger of Godaras, give me some offerings". Chokha Ram ji replied, " If you want to have food, it will be prepared soon but I don't give offerings." As the messenger was ordered to say to Chokha Ram ji, he said,"What type of king you are?" On this, Chokha Ram ji took a handful of water and splashed it onto the messenger. Chokha Ram ji said," Take this and go away". But the messenger was astonished on seeing that the water had turned into gold Ashrafees. When the messenger returned to Godara king, he told them:-

सियागां मैं सम्प घणों, दूजी जात न जोड़ Siagaan mein samp ghano, dooji jaat na jod
सियाग चोखै दान दियो, छपन लाख करोड़ Siag Chokhai daan diyo,chappan lakh crore

सूई के सिहाग

सूई चुरू से उत्तर-पश्चिम में 58 मील दूर तथा गोदारा जाटों के ठिकाने शेखसर से 12 मील उत्तर-पूर्व में लूणकरणसर तहसील में है. यह सिहाग जाटों की राजधानी थी और यह प्रदेश सियागगोटी कहलाता था. दयालदास ने इनके गाँवों की संख्या 140 लिखी है जबकि कर्नल टाडठाकुर देशराज ने इनको असिहाग लिखा है तथा इनके गाँवों की संख्या 150 बताई है जिन पर इनका अधिकार था. [3] ठाकुर देशराज व दयालदास के अनुसार इनकी राजधानी पल्लू थी. और राजा का नाम चोखा था. इनके राज्य की सीमा में रावतसर, बीरमसर, दांदूसर, गण्डेली आदि थे. सिहागों का दूसरा ठिकाना संभवतः पल्लू रहा हो जो सूई से कुछ मील दूर नोहर तहसील में है. चौहानों के काल में पल्लू जैन धर्म का एक प्रमुख केन्द्र था, जहाँ से 11 वीं शताब्दी की अनेक मूर्तियाँ मिली हैं जिनमें एक राष्ट्रीय संग्रहालय नई दिल्ली व एक बीकानेर संग्रहालय में है. कहा जाता है कि पहले इसका नाम कोट किलूर था जो बादमें इस ठिकाने के जाट सरदार की लड़की के नाम पर पल्लू हो गया. विक्रम की 16 वीं शताब्दी के पूर्वार्ध में अन्य जाट ठिकानों की तरह पल्लूसूई पर भी राठोड़ों का अधिकार हो गया. कहते हैं कि सिहाग जाटों ने बाद में भी सरलता से राठोड़ों की अधीनता स्वीकार नहीं की थी. तब सिहाग जाटों को धोखे से बुलाकर एक बाड़े में खड़ा करके जला दिया गया था. [4][5]

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Hisar district

Siwani Bolan, Sisai Bolan

Villages in Jhajjar district

Chhudani,

Villages in Jind district

Haibatpur Jind,

Villages in Sirsa district

Chautala, Dhukara, Jhittikhera,

Distribution in Rajasthan

Locations in Jaipur city

Himmat Nagar, Jhotwara, Khatipura, Mansarowar Colony,

Villages in Sikar district

Bidsar, Ghana, Kerpura, Lalsar, Mandeta, Sikar

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Sonasar, Bhurasar Indali Gaon,

Villages in Nagaur district

Gotan,

Villages in Jodhpur district

Jodhpur, Salwa Kalla,

Villages in Barmer district

Balotra, Barmer, Baytu, Chohtan, Dholanada, Kharapar, Nimbanion Ki Dhani, Ramsar, Sawau, Sihagon Ki Dhani (Kawas), Taratara Math, Utarlai (Kawas),

Villages in Jaisalmer district

Bhaniyana, Jaisalmer,

Villages in Pali district

Dhundhla (Sojat),

Villages in Jalor district

Mirpur Kheda,

Villages in Chittorgarh

Chittorgarh,

Villages in Ganganagar

Dhingawali, Ghamudwali, Morjand Khari,

Villages in Hanumangarh

Bashir, Bojhla, Dhaban, Dingarh, Fatuhi, Khothawali, Kishanpura Utaradha, Nagrana, Nukera, Ratanpura, Ratnisar Mahajan, Saharni, Saliwala, Sangaria Shergarh,

Villages in Bikaner district

Surnana,

Villages in Churu district

Udwala,

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Punjab with Siag population are: Dhingawali, Keharianwali, Khanpur, Jhumianwali, Taja-patti, Bandiwala,

Villages in Punjab

Dhinganwali - The village Dhinganwali was founded in 1921 (Vikrami Samvat) by three Siags -Chetan Ram ji, Tiku Ram Ji and Hiro ji who had migrated here from Moteir village in Rajasthan. Siag gotra is Chandravanshi. Once Godara king had sent his messenger to King Chokh Ram Ji of Jangladesh to irritate king Chokha ji and provoke him to fight. So, that messenger went to Devasar village near Pallu. There is a pond in Devasar village where Chokha Ram ji used to take bath and meditated on its shore. Chokha Ram ji was meditating when that messenger reached him. The messenger reached him and said," I am a messenger of Godaras, give me some offerings". Chokha Ram ji replied, " If you want to have food, it will be prepared soon but I don't give offerings." As the messenger was ordered to say to Chokha Ram ji, he said,"What type of king you are?" On this, Chokha Ram ji took a handful of water and splashed it onto the messenger. Chokha Ram ji said," Take this and go away". But the messenger was astonished on seeing that the water had turned into gold Ashrafees. When the messenger returned to Godara king, he told them:-

सियागां मैं सम्प घणों, दूजी जात न जोड़ Siagaan mein samp ghano, dooji jaat na jod
सियाग चोखै दान दियो, छपन लाख करोड़ Siag Chokhai daan diyo,chappan lakh crore

Six sons of Ch. Ram Rakh Siag -Sahib Ram, Krishan, Rajender, Rai Singh, Arjun Singh and Bhim Sain are living in this village. The eldest of them, is the Sarpanch of the village. Arjun singh was MLA of Abohar during (Punjab) in 1986.

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Found in Mandsaur district, where they are called Sihak.

Villages in Mandsaur district

Betikheri, Handari, Kacharia Jat, Laduna (Sitamau), Pipalkhuta,

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Found in Ghaziabad district, where they are called Siwal.

Villages in Ghaziabad district

Shyampur, Dadayara,

Villages in Meerut district

Siwal Jats found in villages:

Bhalsauna

Villages in Hapur district

Dadayara, Shyampur Jatt,

Famous persons of this gotra

References

  1. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihasa (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p.284
  2. Dilip Singh Ahlawat: Jat viron ka Itihasa
  3. ठाकुर देशराज , जाट इतिहास, पेज 616
  4. चौधरी हरिश्चंद्र नैन, बीकानेर में जनजाति, प्रथम खंड, पेज 18
  5. Dr Pema Ram, The Jats Vol. 3, ed. Dr Vir Singh,Originals, Delhi, 2007 p. 205-206

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