Categories of Jats

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My Grand father Jem.Bale Ram Kadian A great freedom fighter
Here is the list of Categories of Jats
Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (Retd.), Jaipur

Anjana Jats (आंजणा जाट) : The Chaudharys of Gujarat are also known as Anjana. The gotras of many of the Chaudharys of Gujarat are similar to those of Jats of North India.[1] Nainsi reports the existence Anjana Jats in a large number of the villages of Merta in Nagaur, Rajasthan. In the Caste-Census Report of 1891, they are reported to have taken their caste title or nomenclature from their home-village. This statement makes sense of the evidence of the vagat. The Jat immigrants from Nagaur presumably derived their caste title from the names of their Village.[2] They are Called Anana (आनणा जाट) in Jaipur and Tonk districts of Rajasthan.

Bagri Jats (बागड़ी जाट) : Bagri (बागड़ी), a term applied to any Hindu Jat from the Bagar (बागड़) or prairies of Bikaner, which lie to the south and west of Hissar in contradistinction to Deswala. The Bagris are most numerous in the south of that District, but are also found in some numbers under the heading of Jat in Sialkot and Patiala. In Gurdaspur the Bagri are Salahria who describe themselves as Bagar or Bhagar by clan and probably have no connection with the Bagri of Hissar and its neighbourhood.[3]

Dhe Jats (ढे जाट) : The Dhe Jats, probably the descendants of immigrants from Bagar, a tract just beyond the border of Bikaner, moved into the western parts of the Hissar district around 1783 and took up the land abandoned after the terrible Chalisa famine of that year. Some of them came from Bikaner and Nabha in the early nineteenth century. The areas adjoining Bikaner and to the west of Bhiwani, such as Hissar and Fatehabad were called Bagar, a term meaning 'dry country' in common parlance. The term 'Bagri' was applied to a Hindu Rajput or Jat from the Bagar region. The Godaras and Punias, too, considered themselves to be Bagri Jats. While the Bagri Jats forged cultural links and matrimonial alliances with the Jats living in Rajasthan, the Deswali Jats did the same with their counterparts in western UP living on the other side of the Yamuna.

Dhanetah Jats (धनेता जाट): The Jats came to Gujarat from a place in Iran called Half (to be known latter as Jat) and they were herders by occupation. Around five hundred years ago they came to Kutch and Sind in search of new grazing pastures and settled there. Those who joined agriculture called themselves Garasia Jats and those who continued their ancestral occupation were known as Dhanetah Jats, and those who chose to study the Koran became Fakirani Jats. [4]

Deswali Jats (देसवाली जाट) : Deswali is a territorial term sometimes applied to certain Jat clans as opposed to Pachhamwala. The Deswali claimed to be the descendants of the 'original' Jats settled in the region about a thousand years ago, while the Dhe were later arrivals who extended their sphere of influence following the disintegration of the Mughal empire. They are most numerous in Rohtak, Gurgaon and Karnal.[5] In Rohtak (situated west of the Yamuna), the Deswali Jats settled some seven or eight hundred years ago. The Deswalis were members of 12 different gotras which were further divided into at least 137 sub-clans. Locally they were organized under the tappa system, a territorial and not a kinship grouping. The tappa was controlled by the dominant landholding Jat clan in a given area. Some Deswali Jat clans are: Deshwal, Jakhar, Kadian, Piru, Sangwan,

Fakirani Jats (फकिरानी जाट): The Jats came to Gujarat from a place in Iran called Half (to be known latter as Jat) and they were herders by occupation. Around five hundred years ago they came to Kutch and Sind in search of new grazing pastures and settled there. Those who joined agriculture called themselves Garasia Jats and those who continued their ancestral occupation were known as Dhanetah Jats, and those who chose to study the Koran became Fakirani Jats. [6]

Garasia Jats (गरासिया जाट): The Jats came to Gujarat from a place in Iran called Half (to be known latter as Jat) and they were herders by occupation. Around five hundred years ago they came to Kutch and Sind in search of new grazing pastures and settled there. Those who joined agriculture called themselves Garasia Jats and those who continued their ancestral occupation were known as Dhanetah Jats, and those who chose to study the Koran became Fakirani Jats. [7]

Halai Jat: The Jats Gujarat are a Maldhari cattle herding group, and are mainly distributed in Kutch and Saurashtra region. They have three territorial divisions, the Halai Jat (found in Jamnagar and Porbandar), Verai Jat (Banaskantha District), and Kutchi Jat (found in Kutch District).

Hindu Jats (हिन्दू जाट) : Jats who follow Hinduism as their faith. They are about 47% of total Jat Population.

Jathundalya Jats (जठुनदल्या जाट) - Called so in Tonk Rajasthan.

Kutchi Jat: The Jats Gujarat are a Maldhari cattle herding group, and are mainly distributed in Kutch and Saurashtra region. They have three territorial divisions, the Halai Jat (found in Jamnagar and Porbandar), Verai Jat (Banaskantha District), and Kutchi Jat (found in Kutch District).

Marwari Jats (मारवाड़ी जाट) : Jats pertaining to Marwar region of Rajasthan, who migrated to Haryana.

Mule Jats (मुले जाट): Muslim Jats in the region were called Mula or Mule, a few of whom were found in the Rohtak. They called themselves Sheikhs interacted with the Hindu Jats.


Muslim Jats (मुसलमान जाट): Jats who follow Islamic faith. They are about 33% of total Jat Population.


Pachhande Jats (पछान्दे जाट): Pachhande (पछान्दे) [8]Pachhandara (पछन्दरा)[9] [10] Pachhala (पछाला)/Panchhande (पंछादे)/Pachhade (पछादे) [11] is the category of Jats in Uttar Pradesh [12], Haryana and Uttarakhand[13]who had come from West (Punjab) and settled there. Rakesh Saroha[14] has provided us list of clans included in Pachhade Jats: Ahlawat, Aulakh, Bajwa, Barad, Bhullar, Bisla, Chahal, Chattha, Deol, Dhariwal, Dhillon, Gahlot, Ghumman, Gill, Godara, Grewal, Gulia, Kaler, Kang, Kuhad, Maan, Mahal, Mundher, Nehra, Nirwan, Panwar, Punia, Randhawa, Saraw, Sekhon, Sidhu, Sindhu, Sirohi, Siwag, Tiwana, Untwal, Virk,

Sikh Jats (सिख जाट): Jats who follow Sikhism as their faith. They are about 20% of total Jat Population.

Vaishnava Jats (वैष्णव जाट):

Verai Jat: The Jats Gujarat are a Maldhari cattle herding group, and are mainly distributed in Kutch and Saurashtra region. They have three territorial divisions, the Halai Jat (found in Jamnagar and Porbandar), Verai Jat (Banaskantha District), and Kutchi Jat (found in Kutch District).

References

  1. Mahaveer Singh Verma: Jat Veer Smarika 1992 – “Jat Samaj Ahmedabad”
  2. Prof. B.L. Bhadani (AMU) : "The Role of Jats in the Economic Development of Marwar", The Jats, Vol.I, Originals, 2004, p.67
  3. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/B,p.33
  4. Tour my India
  5. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/D,p.233
  6. Tour my India
  7. Tour my India
  8. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.47,s.n. 1437
  9. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. प-47
  10. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.60,s.n. 1462
  11. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. प-76
  12. Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter VIII,s.n. 293,p-586
  13. Rakesh Saroha, Jat Gatha, 9/2015, p.19-20
  14. Rakesh Saroha, Jat Gatha, 9/2015, p.19-20